BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION: CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES

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1 OFFICE DES NATIONS UNIES A GENÈVE BUREAU DES AFFAIRES DE DÉSARMEMENT SERVICE DE GENÈVE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AT GENEVA OFFICE FOR DISARMAMENT AFFAIRS GENEVA BRANCH Tel: URL: +41 () To the Permanent Representatives of the States Parties to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction 23 January 219 BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION: CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES Excellency, In accordance with the decision of the Sixth Review Conference of the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC), I am writing to remind you formally that the deadline for the submission of the annual Confidence-Building Measures (CBMs) is approaching. I am pleased to inform you that 218 saw the second highest ever number of CBMs submitted with a total of 78 reports received. According to the decisions of past BWC review conferences, CBMs are to be submitted, using the agreed forms, to the BWC Implementation Support Unit (ISU) no later than 15 April each year. The Second Review Conference in 1986 agreed that States Parties are to implement the CBMs and subsequent review conferences have urged and called upon all States Parties to participate annually in the CBMs. In addition, resolutions adopted by the United Nations General Assembly have called upon all States Parties to participate. The information to be provided should cover the previous calendar year. Your CBM covering calendar year 218 should therefore be submitted to the ISU no later than 15 April 219. States Parties have different options to submit their CBMs: in hard copy to the address below, in electronic format to the address above, or directly by filling in and submitting the CBM online via the new electronic CBM facility ( The new ecbm facility was developed with a voluntary contribution from Germany and funding from the European Union under its Council Decision 216/51 in support of the BWC. The ecbm facility was introduced at the Meeting of Experts on Strengthening National Implementation (MX3) on 13 August 218. To facilitate the use of the platform, brief video clips and a separate user guide have been prepared. All information regarding participation in the CBMs can be found on the BWC website. The ecbm facility also serves as the new repository for all CBMs received since Accordingly, all CBMs will be posted by the ISU on this platform, either on the publicly accessible or on the restricted part of the facility as per the guidance received from States Parties when submitting their reports. Annexed to this letter is general summary information about the submission of CBMs since A total of 57 States Parties have never submitted CBMs and many have done so only irregularly. I would therefore like to recall that the ISU is available to answer any enquiries about the CBMs Office for Disarmament Affairs, United Nations Office at Geneva, Palais des Nations, CH-1211 Geneva 1, Switzerland

2 - 2 - from States Parties, and to help obtain any assistance that States Parties might require for preparing the CBMs. Please do not hesitate to contact the ISU to discuss any aspect of the CBM process. In addition, Canada, Cuba, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America have offered assistance in the compilation and submission of CBMs. Details of these offers are listed in the Cooperation and Assistance Database at We would also like to be informed of any technical difficulties experienced by States Parties in completing full and timely CBM submissions. More information on the CBMs, including the necessary forms, can be found at In particular, I would like to draw your attention to the revised Guide to Participating in the Confidence-building Measures, prepared by the ISU with the support of the European Union, which is available in all official languages at the same address. Please accept, Excellency, the assurances of my highest consideration. Daniel Feakes Chief, Implementation Support Unit

3 Summary table of CBM submissions Afghanistan 2 Albania Algeria Andorra 5 Angola 6 Antigua and Barbuda 7 Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas 13 Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados 16 Belarus Belgium Belize Benin 2 Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina 23 Botswana 24 Brazil

4 25 Brunei Darussalam 26 Bulgaria Burkina Faso 28 Burundi 29 Cambodia 3 Cameroon Canada Cape Verde 33 Central African Republic 34 Chile China Colombia Congo 38 Cook Islands 39 Costa Rica Côte d'ivoire 41 Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic 1 1 People's Republic of Korea 46 Democratic Republic of the Congo 47 Denmark Dominica 49 Dominican Republic 1 1 2

5 5 Ecuador El Salvador 52 Equatorial Guinea 53 Estonia Eswatini 55 Ethiopia Fiji Finland France Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana 64 Greece Grenada Guatemala 67 Guinea 68 Guinea-Bissau 69 Guyana 7 Holy See 71 Honduras 72 Hungary Iceland India Indonesia

6 76 Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho 91 Liberia 92 Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives 1 Mali 1 1

7 11 Malta Marshall Islands 13 Mauritania 14 Mauritius Mexico Monaco 17 Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Mozambique 111 Myanmar Nauru 113 Nepal 114 Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Niger 118 Nigeria Niue 12 Norway Oman Pakistan Palau 124 Panama Papua New 1 1 Guinea 126 Paraguay 1 1

8 127 Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Qatar Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova Romania Russian Federation 136 Rwanda 137 Saint Kitts and Nevis 138 Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 14 Samoa 141 San Marino Sao Tome and Principe 143 Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone 148 Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands 152 South Africa

9 153 Spain Sri Lanka State of Palestine 156 Sudan 157 Suriname Sweden Switzerland Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 163 Timor-Leste 164 Togo Tonga 166 Trinidad and Tobago 167 Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates 173 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 174 United States of America 175 Uruguay 176 Uzbekistan Vanuatu

10 178 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 179 Viet Nam 18 Yemen Zambia 182 Zimbabwe