Analyze how a text uses structure to emphasize key points or advance an explanation or analysis.

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1 Reading/History & Soc St RH 1 Explicit/implicit meanings RH 2 Main ideas RH 3 Text relationships RH 4 Vocabulary RH 5 Text structure Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources. CCSS for Literacy in All Subjects 6-12: Reading/History & Social Studies New learning for the grade band is in bold Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources, attending to such features as the date and origin of the information. Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions. Identify key steps in a text s description of a process related to history / social studies (e.g., how a bill becomes a law, how interest rates are raised or lowered). Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history / social studies. Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally). Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of how key events or ideas develop over the course of the text. Analyze in detail a series of events described in a text; determine whether earlier events caused later ones or simply preceded them. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary describing political, social, or economic aspects of history / social studies. Analyze how a text uses structure to emphasize key points or advance an explanation or analysis. Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources, connecting insights gained from specific details to an understanding of the text as a whole. Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; providing an accurate summary that makes clear the relationships among key details and ideas. Evaluate various explanations for actions or events and determine which explanation best accords with textual evidence, acknowledging where the text leaves matters uncertain. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including analyzing how an author uses and refines the meaning of a key term of the course of a text (e.g., how Madison defines faction in Federalist No. 10). Analyze in detail how a complex primary source is structured, including how key sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text contribute to the whole. RH 6 Author purpose/perspect ive RH 7 Visual literacy/ technology Identify aspects of a text that reveal an author s point of view or purpose (e.g., loaded language, inclusion or avoidance of particular facts). Integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print and digital texts. Compare the point of view of two or more authors for how they treat the same or similar topics, including which details they include and emphasize in their respective accounts. Integrate quantitative or technical analysis (e.g., charts, research data) with qualitative analysis in print or digital text. Evaluate authors differing points of view on the same historical event or issue by assessing the authors claims, reasoning, and evidence. Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media (e.g., visually, quantitatively, as well as in words) in order to address a question or solve a problem. RH 8 Argument and support RH 9 Multiple texts Distinguish among fact, opinion, and reasoned judgment in a text. Analyze the relationship between a primary and secondary source on the same topic. Assess the extent to which the reasoning and evidence in a text support the author s claims. Compare and contrast treatments of the same topic in several primary and secondary sources. Evaluate an author s premises, claims, and evidence by corroborating or challenging them with other information. Integrate information from diverse sources, both primary and secondary, into a coherent understanding of an idea or event, noting discrepancies among sources. RH 10 Text complexity By the end of grade 8, read and comprehend history / social studies texts in the grades 6 8 text complexity band independently and proficiently. By the end of grade 10, read and comprehend history / social studies texts in the grades 9-10 text complexity band independently and proficiently. By the end of grade 12, read and comprehend history / social studies texts in the grades text complexity band independently and proficiently.

2 Reading/Science & Tech Subjects RST1 Explicit/implicit meanings RST 2 Main ideas RST 3 Text relationships RST 4 Vocabulary Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts. CCSS for Literacy in All Subjects 6-12: Reading/Science & Tech Subjects Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts, attending to the precise details of explanations or descriptions. Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; provide an accurate summary of the text distinct from prior knowledge or opinions. Follow precisely a multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks. Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 6 8 texts and topics. Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; trace the text s explanation or depiction of a complex process, phenomenon, or concept; provide an accurate summary of the text. Follow precisely a complex multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks, attending to special cases or exceptions defined in the text. Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 9 10 texts and topics. Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts, attending to important distinctions the author makes and to any gaps or inconsistencies in the account. Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; summarize complex concepts, processes, or information presented in a text by paraphrasing them in simpler but still accurate terms. Follow precisely a complex multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks; analyze the specific results based on explanations in the text. Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades texts and topics. RST 5 Text structure Analyze the structure an author uses to organize a text, including how the major sections contribute to the whole and to an understanding of the topic. Analyze the structure of the relationships among concepts in a text, including relationships among key terms (e.g., force, friction, reaction force, energy). Analyze how the text structures information or ideas into categories or hierarchies, demonstrating understanding of the information or ideas. RST 6 Author purpose/perspective RST 7 Visual literacy/ technology RST 8 Argument and support RST 9 Multiple texts RST 10 Text complexity Analyze the author s purpose in providing an explanation, describing a procedure, or discussing an experiment in a text. Integrate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text with a version of that information expressed visually (e.g., in a flowchart, diagram, model, graph, or table). Distinguish among facts, reasoned judgment based on research findings, and speculation in a text. Compare and contrast the information gained from experiments, simulations, video or multimedia sources with that gained from reading a text on the same topic. By the end of grade 8, read and comprehend science/technical texts in the grades 6 8 text complexity band independently and proficiently. Analyze the author s purpose in providing an explanation, describing a procedure, or discussing an experiment in a text, defining the question the author seeks to address. Translate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text into visual form (e.g. a table or chart) and translate information expressed visually or mathematically (e.g., in an equation) into words. Assess the extent to which the reasoning and evidence in a text support the author s claim or a recommendation for solving a scientific or technical problem. Compare and contrast findings presented in a text to those from other sources (including their own experiments), noting when the findings support or contradict previous explanations or accounts. By the end of grade 10, read and comprehend science/technical texts in the grades 9 10 text complexity band independently and proficiently. Analyze the author s purpose in providing an explanation, describing a procedure, or discussing an experiment in a text, identifying important issues that remain unresolved. Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media (e.g., quantitative data, video, multimedia) in order to address a question or solve a problem. Evaluate the hypotheses, data, analysis, and conclusions in a science or technical text, verifying the data when possible and corroborating or challenging conclusions with other sources of information. Synthesize information from a range of sources (e.g., texts, experiments, simulations) into a coherent understanding of a process, phenomenon, or concept, resolving conflicting information when possible. By the end of grade 12, read and comprehend science/technical texts in the grades 11 CCR text complexity band independently and proficiently.

3 Writing W1 Argumentative writing CCSS for Literacy in All Subjects 6-12: Writing Write arguments focused on discipline-specific content. a. Introduce precise claim(s), distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and create an organization that establishes clear relationships among the claim(s), counterclaims, reasons and evidence. b. Develop claim(s) and counterclaims fairly, supplying data and evidence for each while pointing out the strengths and limitations of both claim(s) and counterclaims in a discipline-appropriate form and in a manner that anticipates the audience s knowledge level and concerns. c. Use words, phrases, and clauses to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships between claim(s) and reasons, between reasons and evidence, and between claim(s) and counterclaims. d. Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone while attending to the norms and conventions of the discipline in which they are writing. e. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from or supports the argument presented. Write arguments focused on disciplinespecific content. a. Introduce claim(s) about a topic or issue, acknowledge and distinguish the claim (s) from alternative or opposing claims, and organize the reasons and evidence logically. b. Support claim(s) with logical reasoning and relevant, accurate data and evidence that demonstrate an understanding of the topic or text, using credible sources. c. Use words, phrases, and clauses to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence. d. Establish and maintain a formal style. e. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from or supports the argument presented. Write arguments focused on discipline-specific content. a. Introduce precise, knowledgeable claim(s), establish the significance of the claim(s), distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and create an organization that logically sequences the claim(s), counterclaims, reasons and evidence. b. Develop claim(s) and counterclaims fairly and thoroughly, supplying the most relevant data and evidence for each while pointing out the strengths and limitations of both claim(s) and counterclaims in a discipline-appropriate form that anticipates the audience s knowledge level, concerns, values, and possible biases. c. Use words, phrases, and clauses as well as varied syntax to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships between claim(s) and reasons, between reasons and evidence, and between claim(s) and counterclaims. d. Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone while attending to the norms and conventions of the discipline in which they are writing. e. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from or supports the argument presented.

4 W2 Informative/ explanatory writing W3 Narrative W4 Task, purpose & audience W5 Writing process Write informative / explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures / experiments, or technical processes. a. Introduce a topic clearly, previewing what is to follow; organize ideas, concepts, and information into broader categories as appropriate to achieving purpose; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables, and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension. b. Develop the topic with relevant, wellchosen facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples. c. Use appropriate and varied transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts. d. Use precise language and domainspecific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic. e. Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone. f. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented. Write informative / explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures / experiments, or technical processes. a. Introduce a topic clearly and organize ideas, concepts, and information to make important connections and distinctions; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., figures, tables) and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension. b. Develop the topic with well-chosen, relevant, and sufficient facts, extended definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples appropriate to the audience s knowledge of the topic. c. Use varied transitions and sentence structures to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts. d. Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to manage the complexity of the topic and convey a style appropriate to the discipline and context as well as to the expertise of likely readers. e. Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone while attending to the norms and conventions of the discipline in which they are writing. f. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented (e.g., articulating implications or the significance of the topic). Write informative / explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures / experiments, or technical processes. a. Introduce a topic clearly and organize complex ideas, concepts, and information so that each new element builds on that which precedes it to create a unified whole; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., figures, tables) and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension. b. Develop the topic thoroughly by selecting the most significant and relevant facts, extended definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples appropriate to the audience s knowledge of the topic. c. Use varied transitions and sentence structures to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships among complex ideas and concepts. d. Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary, and techniques such as metaphor, simile, and analogy to manage the complexity of the topic; convey a knowledgeable stance in a style that responds to the discipline and context as well as to the expertise of likely readers. e. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented (e.g., articulating implications or the significance of the topic). Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addressed. Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on addressing what is most significant for a specific purpose and audience. Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on addressing what is most significant for a specific purpose and audience.

5 W6 Technology W7 Inquiry & research W8 Relevant & reliable resources W9 Evidence for analysis & reflection W10 Routine writing Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing and present the relationships between information and ideas clearly and efficiently. Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration. Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation. Draw evidence from informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. Write routinely over extended time frames (time for reflection and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences. Use technology, including the Internet, to produce, publish, and update individual or shared writing products, taking advantage of technology s capacity to link to other information and to display information flexibly and dynamically. Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question (including a selfgenerated question) or solve a problem; narrow or broaden the inquiry when appropriate; synthesize multiple sources on the subject; demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation. Gather relevant information from multiple authoritative print and digital sources, using advanced searches effectively; assess the usefulness of each source in answering the research question; integrate information into the text selectively to maintain the flow of ideas, avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation. Draw evidence from informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. Write routinely over extended time frames (time for reflection and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences. Use technology, including the Internet, to produce, publish, and update individual or shared writing products in response to ongoing feedback, including new arguments or information. Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question (including a selfgenerated question) or solve a problem; narrow or broaden the inquiry when appropriate; synthesize multiple sources on the subject; demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation. Gather relevant information from multiple authoritative print and digital sources, using advanced searches effectively; assess the strengths and limitations of each source in terms of the specific task, purpose, and audience; integrate information into the text selectively to maintain the flow of ideas, avoiding plagiarism, and overreliance on any one source and following a standard format for citation. Draw evidence from informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. Write routinely over extended time frames (time for reflection and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.

6 CCSS for Literacy in All Subjects 6-12: Speaking and Listening Speaking and Listening SL1 Collaboration SL2 Information analysis SL3 Bias 8 (Check CCSS for 6-7 Standards) Engage effectively in a range of collaborative Initiate and participate effectively in a range of Initiate and participate effectively in a range of discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and led) with diverse partners on grade 8 topics, teacher-led) with diverse partners on grades 9 10 topics, teacher-led) with diverse partners on grades texts, and issues, building on others ideas and texts, and issues, building on others ideas and topics, texts, and issues, building on others ideas and expressing their own clearly. expressing their own clearly and persuasively. expressing their own clearly and persuasively. a. Come to discussions prepared, having read a. Come to discussions prepared, having read and a. Come to discussions prepared, having read and or researched material under study; researched material under study; explicitly draw on researched material under study; explicitly draw on explicitly draw on that preparation by that preparation by referring to evidence from texts that preparation by referring to evidence from referring to evidence on the topic, text, or and other research on the topic or issue to texts and other research on the topic or issue to issue to probe and reflect on ideas under stimulate a thoughtful, well-reasoned exchange of stimulate a thoughtful, well-reasoned exchange of discussion. ideas. ideas. b. Follow rules for collegial discussions and b. Work with peers to set rules for collegial b. Work with peers to promote civil, democratic decision-making, track progress toward discussions and decision-making (e.g., informal discussions and decision-making, set clear goals specific goals and deadlines, and define consensus, taking votes on key issues, and deadlines, and establish individual roles as individual roles as needed. presentation of alternate views), clear goals and needed. c. Pose questions that connect the ideas of deadlines, and individual roles as needed. c. Propel conversations by posing and responding to several speakers and respond to others c. Propel conversations by posing and responding to questions that probe reasoning and evidence; questions and comments with relevant questions that relate the current discussion to ensure a hearing for a full range of positions on a evidence, observations, and ideas. broader themes or larger ideas; actively topic or issue; clarify, verify, or challenge ideas and d. Acknowledge new information expressed by incorporate others into the discussion; and clarify, conclusions; and promote divergent and creative others, and, when warranted, qualify or verify, or challenge ideas and conclusions. perspectives. justify their own views in light of the d. Respond thoughtfully to diverse perspectives, d. Respond thoughtfully to diverse perspectives; evidence presented. summarize points of agreement and disagreement, synthesize comments, claims, and evidence made and, when warranted, qualify or justify their own on all sides of an issue; resolve contradictions views and understanding and make new when possible; and determine what additional connections in light of the evidence and reasoning information or research is required to deepen the presented. investigation or complete the task. Analyze the purpose of information presented in diverse media and formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) and evaluate the motives (e.g., social, commercial, political) behind its presentation. Delineate a speaker s argument and specific claims, evaluating the soundness of the reasoning and relevance and sufficiency of the evidence and identifying when irrelevant evidence is introduced. Integrate multiple sources of information presented in diverse media or formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) evaluating the credibility and accuracy of each source. Evaluate a speaker s point of view, reasoning, and use of evidence and rhetoric, identifying any fallacious reasoning or exaggerated or distorted evidence. Integrate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) in order to make informed decisions and solve problems, evaluating the credibility and accuracy of each source and noting any discrepancies among the data. Evaluate a speaker s point of view, reasoning, and use of evidence and rhetoric, assessing the stance, premises, links among ideas, word choice, points of emphasis, and tone used.

7 SL4 Presentation SL5 Visual aids SL6 Speech adaptation Present claims and findings, emphasizing salient points in a focused, coherent manner with relevant evidence, sound valid reasoning, and well-chosen details; use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation. Integrate multimedia and visual displays into presentations to clarify information, strengthen claims and evidence, and add interest. Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. Present information, findings, and supporting evidence clearly, concisely, and logically such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning and the organization, development, substance, and style are appropriate to purpose, audience, and task. Make strategic use of digital media (e.g., textual, graphical, audio, visual, and interactive elements) in presentations to enhance understanding of findings, reasoning, and evidence and to add interest. Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. Present information, findings, and supporting evidence, conveying a clear and distinct perspective, such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning, alternative or opposing perspectives are addressed, and the organization, development, substance, and style are appropriate to purpose, audience, and a range of formal and informal tasks. Make strategic use of digital media (e.g., textual, graphical, audio, visual, and interactive elements) in presentations to enhance understanding of findings, reasoning, and evidence and to add interest. Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating a command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.

8 CCSS for Literacy in All Subjects 6-12: Language Language L1 Grammar & Usage L2 Convention Correctness L3 Using Appropriate Language in Context L4 Context & Reference Materials L6 Vocabulary 8 (Check CCSS for 6-7 Standards) Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. a. Explain the function of verbals (gerunds, participles, infinitives) in general and their function in particular sentences. b. Form and use verbs in the active and passive voice. c. Form and use verbs in the indicative, imperative, interrogative, conditional, and subjunctive mood. d. Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in verb voice and mood.* Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. a. Use punctuation (comma, ellipsis, dash) to indicate a pause or break. b. Use an ellipsis to indicate an omission. c. Spell correctly. Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening. a. Use verbs in the active and passive voice and in the conditional and subjunctive mood to achieve particular effects (e.g., emphasizing the actor or the action; expressing uncertainty or describing a state contrary to fact). Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words or phrases based on grade 8 multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grades 9 multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grades reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of 10 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of reading and content, choosing flexibly from a strategies. strategies. range of strategies. a. Use context as a clue to the meaning of a word or a. Use context as a clue to the meaning of a word or a. Use context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase. phrase. phrase. b. Consult general and specialized reference b. Consult general and specialized reference materials b. Consult general and specialized reference materials materials Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases; gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression. Acquire and use accurately general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression. Acquire and use accurately general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.