OREGON ENGLISH/LANGUAGE ARTS CERTIFICATE OF INITIAL MASTERY (CIM) STANDARDS

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1 Grades 9-12 Prentice Hall Literature, The Penguin Edition, The British Tradition 2007 C O R R E L A T E D T O Grades 9-12

2 Read at an independent and instructional reading level appropriate to grade level. CIM/CAM READING CCG: Analyze words, recognize words, and learn to read grade-level text fluently across the subject areas. SE/TE: For Further Reading, 221, 417, 647, 847, 1005, 1341; also see: Critical Reading (Comprehension Questions): 22, 26, 29, 62, 82, 86, 119, 133, 155, 175, 184, 193, 195, 197, 200, 242, 244, 252, 260, 262, 273, 276, 283, 284, 287, 323, 339, 357, 377, 394, 437, 439, 441, 444, 451, 453, 454, 462, 463, 465, 475, 477, 486, 493, 497, 510, 516, 532, 539, 550, 561, 568, 579, 582, 597, 600, 611, 622, 668, 671, 674, 682, 684, 696, 713, 716, 718, 753, 756, 763, 767, 770, 777, 780, 784, 792, 797, 800, 814, 818, 827, 830, 868, 874, 878, 887, 891, 893, 910, 918, 931, 934, 936, 947, 953, 956, 970, 972, 974, 982, 984, 1025, 1026, 1028, 1030, 1032, 1041, 1043, 1050, 1059, 1061, 1064, 1066, 1084, 1097, 1105, 1107, 1112, 1121, 1126, 1134, 1136, 1138, 1151, 1172, 1178, 1189, 1196, 1215, 1220, 1233, 1235, 1238, 1246, 1255, 1257, 1258, 1270, 1280, 1287, 1290, 1308, 1320; Strategies for Reading : Poetry, 35, Drama, 293, Essay, 591, Lyric Poetry, 705, Novel, 899, Short Story, 1157; Thinking About the Commentary (Translator, Scholar and Author Selection Introductions): 37, 301, 606, 689, 942, 1295; Reading Strategy (Apply the Skills), 30, 63, 87, 120, 134, 156, 185, 201, 245, 253, 263, 277, 288, 324, 358, 378, 395, 445, 455, 466, 487, 498, 517, 533, 551, 569, 583, 601, 623, 675, 685, 697, 719, 757, 771, 785, 801, 819, 831, 879, 894, 919, 937, 957, 975, 985, 1033, 1051, 1067, 1085, 1098, 1113, 1127, 1139, 1152, 1179, 1197, 1221, 1247, 1259, 1271, 1281, 1291, 1309, 1321; Assessment Workshops: Critical Reading: Sequential Order, 219, Critical Reading: Forms of Propaganda, 415, 645, Critical Reading: Critical Reasoning, 845, Critical Reading: Paired Passages, 1003, Critical Reading: Strategy, Organization, and Style,

3 Listen to and Read Informational and Narrative Text SE/TE: For Further Reading: 221, 417, 647, 847, 1005, 1341; also see: Focus On Literary Forms: Epic, The, 34 35, Drama, , Essay, The, , Lyric Poetry, , Novel, The, , Short Story, ; Reading Informational Materials : Maps, 90 93, Newspaper Articles, , Online Search Engines, , Guidebooks, , Web Sites, , Mission Statements, ; Literary Analysis (Apply the Skills): 30, 63, 87, 120, 134, 156, 185, 201, 245, 253, 263, 277, 288, 324, 358, 378, 395, 445, 455, 466, 487, 498, 517, 533, 551, 569, 583, 601, 623, 675, 685, 697, 719, 757, 771, 785, 801, 819, 831, 879, 894, 919, 937, 957, 975, 985, 1033, 1051, 1067, 1085, 1098, 1113, 1127, 1139, 1152, 1179, 1197, 1221, 1247, 1259, 1271, 1281, 1291, 1309, 1321; A Closer Look: Chaucer s Guided Tour of Medieval Life and Literature, 94 95, Elizabethan Theater, , Shakespeare on Stage, , Shakespeare on Film, , Making Darkness Visible : Milton s Epic Ambition, , Poetry and Friendship in the Romantic Age, , Curious Workshop of Charles Dickens: Making Myths, , Critical Commentary on The Hollow Men, ; Writing About Literature: Analyzing Literary Periods, , ,Comparing and Contrasting Literary Trends, , Comparing and Contrasting Literary Themes, , Evaluating Literary Trends, , ; 2

4 CCG: Listen to, read, and understand a wide variety of informational and narrative text across the subject areas at school and on own, * applying comprehension strategies as needed *Suggested grade-level target for reading on own: CIM, 1,500,000 words annually. Listen to, read, and understand a wide variety of informational and narrative text, including classic and contemporary literature, poetry, magazines, newspapers, reference materials, and online information. SE/TE: Focus On Literary Forms: Epic, The, 34 35, Drama, , Essay, The, , Lyric Poetry, , Novel, The, , Short Story, ; Reading Informational Materials : Maps, 90 93, Newspaper Articles, , Online Search Engines, , Guidebooks, , Web Sites, , Mission Statements, ; Literary Analysis (Apply the Skills): 30, 63, 87, 120, 134, 156, 185, 201, 245, 253, 263, 277, 288, 324, 358, 378, 395, 445, 455, 466, 487, 498, 517, 533, 551, 569, 583, 601, 623, 675, 685, 697, 719, 757, 771, 785, 801, 819, 831, 879, 894, 919, 937, 957, 975, 985, 1033, 1051, 1067, 1085, 1098, 1113, 1127, 1139, 1152, 1179, 1197, 1221, 1247, 1259, 1271, 1281, 1291, 1309, 1321; A Closer Look: Chaucer s Guided Tour of Medieval Life and Literature, 94 95, Elizabethan Theater, , Shakespeare on Stage, , Shakespeare on Film, , Making Darkness Visible : Milton s Epic Ambition, , Poetry and Friendship in the Romantic Age, , Curious Workshop of Charles Dickens: Making Myths, , Critical Commentary on The Hollow Men, ; Writing About Literature: Analyzing Literary Periods, , , Comparing and Contrasting Literary Trends, , Comparing and Contrasting Literary Themes, , Evaluating Literary Trends, ,

5 Make connections to text, within text, and among texts across the subject areas. SE/TE: Connecting to historical context, 17, 19, 25, 30; Connecting to the Literature (Preview), 17, 39, 77, 97, 122, 136, 161, 189, 239, 249, 257, 271, 281, 305, 326, 342, 360, 380, 435, 449, 459, 473, 491, 503, 521, 537, 555, 573, 593, 613, 665, 679, 691, 707, 729, 761, 775, 789, 811, 823, 865, 883, 903, 929, 949, 967, 979, 1023, 1039, 1055, 1075, 1089, 1103, 1117, 1131, 1143, 1159, 1183, 1021, 1231, 1251, 1263, 1275, 1285, 1297, 1313; Connections: Literature Around the World, 68-70, 71-74, 266, 267, 268, 587, 588, 805, 806, 807, 808, , ; Connections: American Literature, , , , , , ; Writing About Literature: Analyzing Literary Periods, , , Comparing and Contrasting Literary Trends, , Comparing and Contrasting Literary Themes, , Evaluating Literary Trends, , Demonstrate listening comprehension of more complex text through class and/or small group interpretive discussions across the subject areas. SE/TE: Listening and Speaking (Apply the Skills): Debate, 279, 457, 921, 1053, 1115, Debate, on colonialism, 1154, Debate, on proposition, 1283; also see: Discussion Activity (A Closer Look): 95, 295, 297, 299, 471, 727, 901, 1046; Listening And Speaking (Apply the Skills): Discussion, panel, 1129, Discussion, group, 1199, Discussion, panel,

6 Match reading to purpose location of information, full comprehension, and personal enjoyment. SE/TE: Relating broad themes to personal experience, 500; Establishing purpose, 555, 559, 563, 569; Predicting, 691, 694, 697; also see: Reading Informational Materials: Maps, 90 93, Newspaper Articles, , Online Search Engines, , Guidebooks, , Web Sites, , Mission Statements, ; Connecting to the Literature (Preview), 17, 39, 77, 97, 122, 136, 161, 189, 239, 249, 257, 271, 281, 305, 326, 342, 360, 380, 435, 449, 459, 473, 491, 503, 521, 537, 555, 573, 593, 613, 665, 679, 691, 707, 729, 761, 775, 789, 811, 823, 865, 883, 903, 929, 949, 967, 979, 1023, 1039, 1055, 1075, 1089, 1103, 1117, 1131, 1143, 1159, 1183 Understand and draw upon a variety of comprehension strategies as needed re-reading, self-correcting, summarizing, class and group discussions, generating and responding to essential questions, making predictions, and comparing information from several sources. SE/TE: Reading Strategy (Build Skills), 17, 39, 77, 97, 122, 136, 161, 189, 239, 249, 257, 271, 281, 305, 326, 342, 360, 380, 435, 449, 459, 473, 491, 503, 521, 537, 555, 573, 593, 613, 665, 679, 691, 707, 729, 761, 775, 789, 811, 823, 865, 883, 903, 929, 949, 967, 979, 1023, 1039, 1055, 1075, 1089, 1103, 1117, 1131, 1143, 1159, 1183, 1021, 1231, 1251, 1263, 1275, 1285, 1297, 1313; Reading Strategy (Apply the Skills), 30, 63, 87, 120, 134, 156, 185, 201, 245, 253, 263, 277, 288, 324, 358, 378, 395, 445, 455, 466, 487, 498, 517, 533, 551, 569, 583, 601, 623, 675, 685, 697, 719, 757, 771, 785, 801, 819, 831, 879, 894, 919, 937, 957, 975, 985, 1033, 1051, 1067, 1085, 1098, 1113, 1127, 1139, 1152, 1179, 1197, 1221, 1247, 1259, 1271, 1281, 1291, 1309, 1321; 5

7 (Continued) Critical Reading (Comprehension Questions): 22, 26, 29, 62, 82, 86, 119, 133, 155, 175, 184, 193, 195, 197, 200, 242, 244, 252, 260, 262, 273, 276, 283, 284, 287, 323, 339, 357, 377, 394, 437, 439, 441, 444, 451, 453, 454, 462, 463, 465, 475, 477, 486, 493, 497, 510, 516, 532, 539, 550, 561, 568, 579, 582, 597, 600, 611, 622, 668, 671, 674, 682, 684, 696, 713, 716, 718, 753, 756, 763, 767, 770, 777, 780, 784, 792, 797, 800, 814, 818, 827, 830, 868, 874, 878, 887, 891, 893, 910, 918, 931, 934, 936, 947, 953, 956, 970, 972, 974, 982, 984, 1025, 1026, 1028, 1030, 1032, 1041, 1043, 1050, 1059, 1061, 1064, 1066, 1084, 1097, 1105, 1107, 1112,1121, 1126, 1134, 1136, 1138, 1151, 1172, 1178, 1189, 1196,1215, 1220, 1233, 1235, 1238, 1246, 1255, 1257, 1258, 1270,1280, 1287, 1290, TE: Assessment Practice: 31, 64, 88, 120, 135, 186, 202, 246, 264, 278, 289, 322, 338, 356, 376, 396, 446, 456, 467, 488, 499, 518, 534, 552, 570, 584, 602, 676, 686, 698, 720, 758, 772, 786, 802, 820, 832, 880, 895, 920, 938, 958, 976, 986, 1034, 1052, 1068, 1086, 1099, 1114, 1128, 1140, 1153, 1180, 1198, 1222, 1248, 1260, 1272, 1282, 1292, 1310,

8 Clearly identify specific words or wordings that are causing comprehension difficulties and use strategies to correct. SE/TE: Vocabulary Lesson (Build Language Skills): 31, 64, 88, 121, 135, 157, 186, 202, 246, 254, 264, 278, 289, 325, 359, 379, 396, 446, 456, 467, 488, 499, 518, 534, 552, 570, 584, 602, 624, 676, 686, 698, 720, 758, 772, 786, 802, 820, 832, 880, 895, 920, 938, 958, 976, 986, 1034, 1052, 1068, 1086, 1099, 1114, 1128, 1140, 1153, 1180, 1198, 1222, 1248, 1260, 1272, 1282, 1292, 1310, 1322; Vocabulary Builder (Build Skills): 17, 39, 77, 97, 122, 136, 161, 189, 239, 249, 257, 271, 281, 305, 326, 342, 360, 380, 435, 449, 459, 473, 491, 503, 521, 537, 555, 573, 593, 613, 665, 679, 691, 707, 729, 761, 775, 789, 811, 823, 865, 883, 903, 929, 949, 967, 979, 1023, 1039, 1055, 1075, 1089, 1103, 1117, 1131, 1143, 1159, 1183, 1021, 1231, 1251, 1263, 1275, 1285, 1297, 1313; Vocabulary Workshops: 218, 414, 644, 844, 1002,

9 Vocabulary CCG: Increase word knowledge through systematic vocabulary development; determine the meaning of new words by applying knowledge of word origins, word relationships, and context clues; verify the meaning of new words; and use those new words accurately across the subject areas. Understand, learn, and use new vocabulary that is introduced and taught directly through informational text, literary text, and instruction across the subject areas. SE/TE: Vocabulary Lesson (Build Language Skills): 31, 64, 88, 121, 135, 157, 186, 202, 246, 254, 264, 278, 289, 325, 359, 379, 396, 446, 456, 467, 488, 499, 518, 534, 552, 570, 584, 602, 624, 676, 686, 698, 720, 758, 772, 786, 802, 820, 832, 880, 895, 920, 938, 958, 976, 986, 1034, 1052, 1068, 1086, 1099, 1114, 1128, 1140, 1153, 1180, 1198, 1222, 1248, 1260, 1272, 1282, 1292, 1310, 1322; Vocabulary Builder (Build Skills): 17, 39, 77, 97, 122, 136, 161, 189, 239, 249, 257, 271, 281, 305, 326, 342, 360, 380, 435, 449, 459, 473, 491, 503, 521, 537, 555, 573, 593, 613, 665, 679, 691, 707, 729, 761, 775, 789, 811, 823, 865, 883, 903, 929, 949, 967, 979, 1023, 1039, 1055, 1075, 1089, 1103, 1117, 1131, 1143, 1159, 1183, 1021, 1231, 1251, 1263, 1275, 1285, 1297, 1313; Vocabulary Workshops: 218, 414, 644, 844, 1002, 1338 Develop vocabulary by listening to and discussing both familiar and conceptually challenging selections read aloud across the subject areas. SE/TE: Interpretation, oral, 32, 255, 896, 939, 1035, 1249, R40; Oral Reading, 65, 447, 585, 677, 687, 759, 977, 1069, 1100, 1141; also see: Recital, sonnet, 265; Parable, retelling, 290; Ballad, 500; Performance, town crier, 519; Reenactment, 570; Monologue, 603, 959; Play, radio, 699; Eulogy, 773, 1261; Contest, Victorian poetry, 987; Soliloquy, 1224; Recitation, poetic,

10 Determine meanings of words using contextual and structural clues. SE/TE: Context, 88, 379, 396, 518, 802, 1099, 1128, 1140, 1198, 1248, 1310; Context clues, 141, 143, 147, 150, 153, 156 Identify and use the literal and figurative meanings of words and phrases. SE/TE: Figurative language, 220, , 761, 763, 766, 770, 771, R13; also see: Word meanings, 186, 202, 254, 456, 467, 624 Distinguish between the denotative and connotative meanings of words, and interpret the connotative power of words. SE/TE: Connotation and Denotation, R11 9

11 Use general dictionaries, specialized dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses, or related references to increase vocabulary. SE/TE: Dictionary, 555, 558, 560, 569, R8; Thesaurus, R8 Understand technical vocabulary in subject area reading. SE/TE: Technical directions, 398; Reading technical directions, 960 Read to Perform a Task CCG: Find, understand, and use specific information in a variety of texts across the subject areas to perform a task. Read textbooks; biographical sketches; letters; diaries; directions; procedures; magazines; essays; primary source historical documents; editorials; news stories; periodicals; bus routes; catalogs; technical directions; consumer, workplace, and public documents. SE/TE: Reading Informational Materials : Maps, 90 93, Newspaper Articles, , Online Search Engines, , Guidebooks, , Web Sites, , Mission Statements, ; A Closer Look: Chaucer s Guided Tour of Medieval Life and Literature, 94 95, Elizabethan Theater, , Shakespeare on Stage, , Shakespeare on Film, , Making Darkness Visible : Milton s Epic Ambition, , Poetry and Friendship in the Romantic Age, , Curious Workshop of Charles Dickens: Making Myths, , Critical Commentary on The Hollow Men, ; Writing About Literature: Analyzing Literary Periods, , , Comparing and Contrasting Literary Trends, , Comparing and Contrasting Literary Themes, , Evaluating Literary Trends, ,

12 Synthesize information found in various parts of charts, tables, diagrams, glossaries, or related grade-level text to reach supported conclusions. SE/TE: Using : text aids, 305, 307, 310, 313, 315, 317, 322, 324, visuals as key to meaning, 679, 685, diagrams, ; Reading Informational Materials : Maps, 90 93, Newspaper Articles, , Online Search Engines, , Guidebooks, , Web Sites, , Mission Statements, ; also see: Paraphrasing, 39, 42, 44, 47, 50, 53, 54, 60, 63, 239, 245, , 573, 576, 578, 583, 789, 791, 794, 796, 801, 1055, 1058, 1067; Summarizing, 161, 163, 167, 168, 170, 174, 180, 185, 271, 277, 1131, 1135, 1139 Analyze the structure and format of job and consumer-related materials, including the graphics and headers, and explain how the features support the intended purposes. SE/TE: Reading Informational Materials : Maps, 90 93, Newspaper Articles, , Online Search Engines, , Guidebooks, , Web Sites, , Mission Statements,

13 Demonstrate sophisticated use of technology by following directions in technical manuals (e.g., those found with graphing calculators and specialized software programs and in access guides to World Wide Websites on the Internet). SE/TE: Technical directions, 398; Reading technical directions, 960 Identify and/or summarize sequence of events, main ideas, facts, supporting details, and opinions in informational and practical selections. Informational Text: Demonstrate General Understanding CCG: Demonstrate general understanding of grade-level informational text across the subject areas. SE/TE: Assessment Workshops : Sequential Order, 219; Inferring: meaning, 281, 288, chronological order, 398, 960, 964; Note-taking for summary, 247; Identifying, main points and support, 1117, 1121, 1122, 1127; also see: Paraphrasing, 39, 42, 44, 47, 50, 53, 54, 60, 63, 239, 245, , 573, 576, 578, 583, 789, 791, 794, 796, 801, 1055, 1058, 1067; Summarizing, 161, 163, 167, 168, 170, 174, 180, 185, 271, 277, 1131, 1135, 1139 TE: Assessment Practice: Fact and Opinion, 246, 264, 289, 322, 376,

14 Clarify understanding of informational texts by creating sophisticated outlines, graphic organizers, diagrams, logical notes, or summaries. SE/TE: Build Skills (pre-reading graphic organizer), 17, 39, 77, 97, 122, 136, 161, 189, 239, 249, 257, 271, 281, 305, 326, 342, 360, 380, 435, 449, 459, 473, 491, 503, 521, 537, 555, 573, 593, 613, 665, 679, 691, 707, 729, 761, 775, 789, 811, 823, 865, 883, 903, 929, 949, 967, 979, 1023, 1039, 1055, 1075, 1089, 1103, 1117, 1131, 1143, 1159, 1183, 1021, 1231, 1251, 1263, 1275, 1285, 1297, 1313; also see: Using diagrams, ; maps, 90; text aids, 305, 307, 310, 313, 315, 317, 322, 324; visuals as key to meaning, 679, 685; Read a chart, 426; Read a map, 660; Charting, 939, 1199; cause-andeffect relationships, 881; to compare definitions, 570; to comparing viewpoints, 959; for evaluation, 1328; Chart, 203, R40 Informational Text: Develop an Interpretation CCG: Develop an interpretation of grade-level informational text across the subject areas. Predict probable future outcomes supported by the SE/TE: Predicting, 691, 694, 697; also see : text, including foreshadowing clues. Reading Informational Materials (Reading Strategy): Using Maps for Verification and Interpretation, 90, Evaluating Information, 398, Evaluating the Appropriateness of a Search Result, 630, Interpreting and Using Diagrams, 722, Evaluating Credibility of Sources, 960, Interpreting the Organization of a Mission Statement,

15 Infer an author s unstated meaning and draw conclusions about an author s stated meaning based on facts, events, images, patterns or symbols found in text. SE/TE: Inferring : meaning, 281, 288, beliefs of the period, 380, 384, 386, 393, 395, speaker's attitude, 459, 464, 465, 466, 883, 886, 890, 892, 893, 894; Assessing propaganda, 415, 645; Determining writer's purpose, 823, 825, 831; Interpreting, author's point of view, ; Distinguishing emotive and informative language, 949, 953, 955, 957; Recognizing writer's attitudes, 1075, 1077, 1081, 1083, 1085; Challenging text, 1313, 1315, 1316, 1321; Communications Workshops : Analyzing Persuasive Techniques, 646, Critiquing Persuasive Devices, 846, Analyzing Bias in News Media, 1340 Make reasoned assertions about an author s arguments by using elements of the text to defend and clarify interpretations. SE/TE: Assessing propaganda, 415, 645; Determining writer's purpose, 823, 825, 831; Interpreting, author's point of view, ; Distinguishing emotive and informative language, 949, 953, 955, 957; Recognizing writer's attitudes, 1075, 1077, 1081, 1083, 1085; Challenging text, 1313, 1315, 1316, 1321; Communications Workshops : Analyzing Persuasive Techniques, 646, Critiquing Persuasive Devices, 846, Analyzing Bias in News Media,

16 Analyze implicit relationships, such as cause-andeffect, sequence-time relationships, comparisons, classifications, and generalizations. SE/TE: Identifying : sequential order, 219, chronological order, 398, 960, 964, main points and support, 1117, 1121, 1122, 1127; Relating structure to theme, 257, 263; Analyze cause and effect, 323, 539, 674, 1084, 1172, 1178, 1215; Assessment Workshops : Paired Passages, 1003, Sequential Order, 219, Strategy, Organization, and Style, 1339 Infer the main idea when it is not explicitly stated, and support with evidence from the text. SE/TE: Inferring: meaning, 281, 288, chronological order, 398, 960, 964; Identifying, main points and support, 1117, 1121, 1122, 1127 Draw conclusions about the author s purpose based on evidence in the text. Informational Text: Examine Content and Structure CCG: Examine content and structure of grade-level informational text across the subject areas. SE/TE: Drawing conclusions, 503, 505, 508, 513, 517, 929, 934, 937; Determining writer's purpose, 823, 825, 831; Interpreting, author's point of view, ; Distinguishing emotive and informative language, 949, 953, 955, 957; Recognizing writer's attitudes, 1075, 1077, 1081, 1083, 1085 TE: Assessment Practice: Writer s Purpose, 456, 488, 499, 534,

17 Differentiate among reasoning based on fact versus reasoning based on opinions, emotional appeals, or other persuasive techniques. SE/TE: Assessing propaganda, 415, 645; Communications Workshops: Analyzing Persuasive Techniques, 646, Critiquing Persuasive Devices, 846, Analyzing Bias in News Media, 1340 Evaluate if and how the author uses authoritative sources to establish credibility for arguments, proposed actions, or policies. SE/TE: Assessing propaganda, 415, 645; Communications Workshops: Analyzing Persuasive Techniques, 646, Critiquing Persuasive Devices, 846, Analyzing Bias in News Media, 1340 Compare and contrast information on the same topic after reading several passages or articles. SE/TE: Comparison of historical sources, 89; Analysis of sources, 977; Communications Workshops : Analyzing Advertising, 416, Analyzing Bias in News Media, 1340; Elaborating : clarifying media references, 1332; Reading Informational Materials: Online Search Engines, , Web Sites, ; Sources, primary/secondary, 89, 189, 193, 201, 397, 625, , 921, 977, 993, 1001, R26, R27, R28, R33 16

18 Evaluate the logic, unity, and consistency of text. SE/TE: Logical appeal, 408, 823; Logical fallacy, 411; also see: Reading Informational Materials : Guidebooks, , Web Sites, , Mission Statements, Evaluate an author s argument or defense of a claim by evaluating the relationship between generalizations and evidence, the comprehensiveness of evidence, and the way in which the author s intent or bias affects the structure and tone of the text (e.g., in professional journals, sports journals, editorials, political speeches, primary source materials). Evaluate the logic of documents (e.g., directions for assembly of an item, applications), examining the sequence of information and procedures in anticipation of possible reader misunderstandings. SE/TE: Logical appeal, 408, 823; Logical fallacy, 411; also see: Assessment Workshops : Forms of Propaganda, 415, 645, Critical Reasoning, 845; Communications Workshops : Analyzing Advertising, 416, Analyzing Bias in News Media, 1340, Analyzing Persuasive Techniques, 646, Critiquing Persuasive Devices, 846; Persuasive devices, 271, 277, 408, 646, 811, 813, 819, 823, 831, 1004; Debate, 279, 341, 457, 921, 1053, 1115, 1154, 1283, R40 SE/TE: Logical appeal, 408, 823; Logical fallacy, 411; also see: Reading Informational Materials : Guidebooks, , Web Sites, , Mission Statements,

19 Generate relevant questions about readings on issues that can be researched. Synthesize the content from several sources or works by a single author dealing with a single issue; paraphrase the ideas and connect them to other sources and related topics to demonstrate comprehension. SE/TE: Writing Workshops: Research paper, , Multimedia Report, ; Research and Technology, 32, 65, 89, 122, 136, 158, 187, 203, 247, 255, 265, 279, 290, 326, 360, 380, 397, 447, 457, 468, 489, 500, 519, 535, 553, 571, 585, 603, 625, 677, 687, 699, 720, 759, 773, 787, 803, 821, 833, 881, 896, 921, 939, 959, 977, 987, 1035, 1053, 1069, 1087, 1111, 1115, 1129, 1141, 1154, 1181, 1199, 1223, 1249, 1261, 1273, 1283, 1293, 1311, 1323; Reading Informational Materials: Online Search Engines, ; Writing Workshops: Research paper, ; Research and Technology Guide : Using the Internet for Research, R26 R27; also see: Reading Strategy: Questioning, 761, 764, 768, 771, 1183, 1184, 1191, 1193, 1194, 1197; Rereading for clarification, 122, 125, 127, 128, 129, 131, 134, SE/TE: Comparison of historical sources, 89; Analysis of sources, 977; Reading Informational Materials: Online Search Engines, , Web Sites, ; Sources, primary/secondary, 89, 189, 193, 201, 397, 625, , 921, 977, 993, 1001, R26, R27, R28, R33; also see: Writing About Literature: Compare and Contrast Literary Trends, , Compare and Contrast Literary Themes,

20 Extend ideas presented in primary or secondary sources through original analysis, evaluation, and elaboration. SE/TE: Writing Workshops: Research paper, , Multimedia Report, ; Research and Technology, 32, 65, 89, 122, 136, 158, 187, 203, 247, 255, 265, 279, 290, 326, 360, 380, 397, 447, 457, 468, 489, 500, 519, 535, 553, 571, 585, 603, 625, 677, 687, 699, 720, 759, 773, 787, 803, 821, 833, 881, 896, 921, 939, 959, 977, 987, 1035, 1053, 1069, 1087, 1111, 1115, 1129, 1141, 1154, 1181, 1199, 1223, 1249, 1261, 1273, 1283, 1293, 1311, 1323; Reading Informational Materials: Online Search Engines, ; Writing Workshops: Research paper, ; Research and Technology Guide : Using the Internet for Research, R26 R27; also see: Reading Strategy: Questioning, 761, 764, 768, 771, 1183, 1184, 1191, 1193, 1194, 1197; Rereading for clarification, 122, 125, 127, 128, 129, 131, 134, Listen to text and read text to make connections and respond to historically or culturally significant works of literature that enhance the study of other subjects. Listen to and Read Literary Text CCG: Listen to text and read text to make connections and respond to a wide variety of literature of varying complexity. SE/TE: Writing About Literature: Analyzing Literary Periods, , , Comparing and Contrasting Literary Trends, , Comparing and Contrasting Literary Themes, , Evaluating Literary Trends, , ; Writing Applications : Criticism, 121, R23, R31; Timed Writing Applications : Literary theme, 32, 489, sonnet imagery, 265, Response, critical, 457, 1115, to criticism, 65, 397, 519, 721, 803, 939, 1035, 1053; Connecting literature with experience, 500, Comparison, of characters, 677, literary works, 687, symbol, 759, storytelling technique, 1283, Literary theme, 1181, 1199; also see: Connections: Literature Around the World, 68 70, 71 74, 266, 267, 268, 587, 588, 805, 806, 807, 808, , ; 19

21 (Continued) Connections: American Literature, , , , , , ; Using historical and cultural context, ; Analyzing cultural differences, 1143, 1145, 1146, 1147, 1152; Theme, 249, 252, 253, 271, 277, 459, 462, 463, 466, , 929, 931, 936, 937, 1055, , 1058, 1159, 1179, 1201, 1202, 1204, 1206, 1207, 1211, 1212, 1213, 1214, 1215, 1217, 1220, 1221, 1067, 1275, 1279, 1281, 1285, 1289, 1291, R11, R19 Demonstrate listening comprehension of more complex literary text through class and/or small group interpretive discussions. SE/TE: Listening and Speaking (Apply the Skills): Debate, 279, 457, 921, 1053, 1115, Debate, on colonialism, 1154, Debate, on proposition, 1283; also see: Discussion Activity (A Closer Look): 95, 295, 297, 299, 471, 727, 901, 1046; Listening And Speaking (Apply the Skills): Discussion, panel, 1129, Discussion, group, 1199, Discussion, panel,

22 Literary Text: Demonstrate General Understanding CCG: Demonstrate general understanding of grade-level literary text. Identify and/or summarize sequence of events, SE/TE: Assessment Workshops : Sequential main ideas, and supporting details in literary Order, 219; Inferring: meaning, 281, 288, selections. chronological order, 398, 960, 964; Note-taking for summary, 247; Identifying, main points and support, 1117, 1121, 1122, 1127; also see: Paraphrasing, 39, 42, 44, 47, 50, 53, 54, 60, 63, 239, 245, , 573, 576, 578, 583, 789, 791, 794, 796, 801, 1055, 1058, 1067; Summarizing, 161, 163, 167, 168, 170, 174, 180, 185, 271, 277, 1131, 1135, 1139 TE: Assessment Practice: Sequential Order, 31, 64, 88, 202, Organization, 1128, 1282 Literary Text: Develop an Interpretation CCG: Develop an interpretation of grade-level literary text. Predict probable future outcomes supported by the SE/TE: Predicting, 691, 694, 697 text. Analyze interactions between characters in a literary text (e.g., internal and external conflicts, motivations, relationships, influences) and how these interactions affect the plot. SE/TE: Character/ Characterization, 97, 99, 100, 102, 104, 107, 108, 111, 112, 114, 116, 118, 120, 208, 212, 220, 296, 416, , , 1263, 1269, 1271, 1297, 1302, 1303, 1306, 1307, 1309, R11 21

23 Identify themes in literary works, and provide support for interpretations from the text. SE/TE: Theme, 249, 252, 253, 271, 277, 459, 462, 463, 466, , 929, 931, 936, 937, 1055, , 1058, 1159, 1179, 1201, 1202, 1204, 1206, 1207, 1211, 1212, 1213, 1214, 1215, 1217, 1220, 1221, 1067, 1275, 1279, 1281, 1285, 1289, 1291, R11, R19; Writing About Literature: Comparing and Contrasting Literary Themes, Infer the main idea when it is not explicitly stated, and support with evidence from the text. SE/TE: Inferring: meaning, 281, 288, chronological order, 398, 960, 964; Identifying, main points and support, 1117, 1121, 1122, 1127 Identify and analyze unstated reasons for actions or beliefs based on explicitly stated information. SE/TE: Inferring: beliefs of the period, 380, 384, 386, 393, 395, speaker's attitude, 459, 464, 465, 466, 883, 886, 890, 892, 893, 894; Assessing propaganda, 415, 645; Determining writer's purpose, 823, 825, 831; Interpreting, author's point of view, ; Distinguishing emotive and informative language, 949, 953, 955, 957; Recognizing writer's attitudes, 1075, 1077, 1081, 1083, 1085; Challenging text, 1313, 1315, 1316, 1321; Communications Workshops: Analyzing Persuasive Techniques, 646, Critiquing Persuasive Devices, 846, Analyzing Bias in News Media,

24 Literary Text: Examine Content and Structure CCG: Examine content and structure of grade-level literary text. Identify various literary devices, including SE/TE: Figurative language, 220, , 761, figurative language, imagery, allegory, and 763, 766, 770, 771; Imagery, 360, 364, 365, 367, symbolism; evaluate the significance of the 370, 371, 373, 375, 376, 378, , 775, devices; and explain their appeal. 778, 780, 781, 785, 1004; Symbol, 679, 683, 685, 1023, 1033, 1201, 1202, 1204, 1206, 1207, 1211, 1212, 1213, 1214, 1215, 1217, 1220 Interpret and evaluate the impact of subtleties, contradictions, and ironies in a text. SE/TE: Irony, 342, 348, 358, 521, 526, 530, 533, 967, 975, 1004, 1075, 1080, 1085; Contradictions, 635; also see: Thinking About the Commentary (Translator, Scholar and Author Selection Introductions): 37, 301, 606, 689, 942, 1295; Critical Reading (Comprehension Questions): 22, 26, 29, 62, 82, 86, 119, 133, 155, 175, 184, 193, 195, 197, 200, 242, 244, 252, 260, 262, 273, 276, 283, 284, 287, 323, 339, 357, 377, 394, 437, 439, 441, 444, 451, 453, 454, 462, 463, 465, 475, 477, 486, 493, 497, 510, 516, 532, 539, 550, 561, 568, 579, 582, 597, 600, 611, 622, 668, 671, 674, 682, 684, 696, 713, 716, 718, 753, 756, 763, 767, 770, 777, 780, 784, 792, 797, 800, 814, 818, 827, 830, 868, 874, 878, 887, 891, 893, 910, 918, 931, 934, 936, 947, 953, 956, 970, 972, 974, 982, 984, 1025, 1026, 1028, 1030, 1032, 1041, 1043, 1050, 1059, 1061, 1064, 1066, 1084, 1097, 1105, 1107, 1112, 1121, 1126, 1134, 1136, 1138, 1151, 1172, 1178, 1189, 1196, 1215, 1220, 1233, 1235, 1238, 1246, 1255, 1257, 1258, 1270, 1280, 1287, 1290, 1308,

25 Explain how voice and the choice of a narrator affect characterization and the tone, plot, and credibility of a text. SE/TE: First-person point of view/narrator, 503, 514, 517, 1143, 1152, , 1263, 1264, 1269, 1270, 1271; Third-person point of view/narrator, 1143, 1152, , 1183, 1197, 1201, 1207, 1211, 1213, 1221, 1263, 1271; Voice, 1231, 1233, 1234, 1236, 1241, 1243, 1247 Analyze an author s development of time and sequence, including the use of complex literary devices, such as foreshadowing or flashbacks. SE/TE: Assessment Workshops : Sequential Order, 219; Inferring: chronological order, 398, 960, 964 TE: Assessment Practice: Sequential Order, 31, 64, 88,

26 Evaluate the impact of word choice and figurative language on tone, mood, and theme. SE/TE: Figurative language, 220, , 761, 763, 766, 770, 771, R13; also see: Tone, 569, 638, 1075, 1085, 1103, 1105, 1109, 1113, R19; Mood, 929, 931, 936, 937, R15; Theme, 249, 252, 253, 271, 277, 459, 462, 463, 466, , 929, 931, 936, 937, 1055, , 1058, 1159, 1179, 1201, 1202, 1204, 1206, 1207, 1211, 1212, 1213, 1214, 1215, 1217, 1220, 1221, 1067, 1275, 1279, 1281, 1285, 1289, 1291, R11, R19 Identify and describe the function of dialogue, soliloquies, asides, character foils, and stage directions in dramatic literature. SE/TE: Dialogue, 121, 220, 247, ; Soliloquy, , 305, 318, 321, 324, 1224; Monologue, 603, 959; Stage directions, Analyze the impact the choice of literary form has on the author s message or purpose. SE/TE: Assessing propaganda, 415, 645; Determining writer's purpose, 823, 825, 831; Interpreting, author's point of view, ; Distinguishing emotive and informative language, 949, 953, 955, 957; Recognizing writer's attitudes, 1075, 1077, 1081, 1083, 1085; Challenging text, 1313, 1315, 1316, 1321; Communications Workshops : Analyzing Persuasive Techniques, 646, Critiquing Persuasive Devices, 846, Analyzing Bias in News Media,

27 Analyze the way in which a work of literature is related to the themes and issues of its historical period. SE/TE: Writing About Literature: Analyzing Literary Periods, , , Comparing and Contrasting Literary Trends, , Comparing and Contrasting Literary Themes, , Evaluating Literary Trends, , ; Writing Applications : Criticism, 121, R23, R31; Timed Writing Applications : Literary theme, 32, 489, sonnet imagery, 265, Response, critical, 457, 1115, to criticism, 65, 397, 519, 721, 803, 939, 1035, 1053; Connecting literature with experience, 500, Comparison, of characters, 677, literary works, 687, symbol, 759, storytelling technique, 1283, Literary theme, 1181, 1199; also see: Connections: Literature Around the World, 68 70, 71 74, 266, 267, 268, 587, 588, 805, 806, 807, 808, , ; Connections: American Literature, , , , , , ; Using historical and cultural context, ; Analyzing cultural differences, 1143, 1145, 1146, 1147, 1152; Theme, 249, 252, 253, 271, 277, 459, 462, 463, 466, , 929, 931, 936, 937, 1055, , 1058, 1159, 1179, 1201, 1202, 1204, 1206, 1207, 1211, 1212, 1213, 1214, 1215, 1217, 1220, 1221, 1067, 1275, 1279, 1281, 1285, 1289, 1291, R11, R19 26

28 Compare works that express a universal theme, and provide evidence to support the ideas expressed in each work. SE/TE: Writing About Literature: Comparing and Contrasting Literary Trends, , Comparing and Contrasting Literary Themes, ; also see: Theme, 249, 252, 253, 271, 277, 459, 462, 463, 466, , 929, 931, 936, 937, 1055, , 1058, 1159, 1179, 1201, 1202, 1204, 1206, 1207, 1211, 1212, 1213, 1214, 1215, 1217, 1220, 1221, 1067, 1275, 1279, 1281, 1285, 1289, 1291, R11, R19; Comparing Literary Works & Connecting Literary Elements, 30, 63, 87, 120, 134, 156, 185, 201, 245, 253, 263, 277, 288, 324, 358, 378, 395, 445, 455, 466, 487, 498, 517, 533, 551, 569, 583, 601, 623, 675, 685, 697, 719, 757, 771, 785, 801, 819, 831, 879, 894, 919, 937, 957, 975, 985, 1033, 1051, 1067, 1085, 1098, 1113, 1127, 1139, 1152, 1179, 1197, 1221, 1247, 1259, 1271, 1281, 1291, 1309, 1321 Compare and contrast the presentation of a similar theme or topic across genres to explain how the selection of genre shapes the theme or topic. SE/TE: Writing About Literature: Comparing and Contrasting Literary Trends, , Comparing and Contrasting Literary Themes, ; also see: Theme, 249, 252, 253, 271, 277, 459, 462, 463, 466, , 929, 931, 936, 937, 1055, , 1058, 1159, 1179, 1201, 1202, 1204, 1206, 1207, 1211, 1212, 1213, 1214, 1215, 1217, 1220, 1221, 1067, 1275, 1279, 1281, 1285, 1289, 1291, R11, R19; Comparing Literary Works & Connecting Literary Elements, 30, 63, 87, 120, 134, 156, 185, 201, 245, 253, 263, 277, 288, 324, 358, 378, 395, 445, 455, 466, 487, 498, 517, 533, 551, 569, 583, 601, 623, 675, 685, 697, 719, 757, 771, 785, 801, 819, 831, 879, 894, 919, 937, 957, 975, 985, 1033, 1051, 1067, 1085, 1098, 1113, 1127, 1139, 1152, 1179, 1197, 1221, 1247, 1259, 1271, 1281, 1291, 1309,

29 Analyze a work of literature, showing how it reflects the heritage, traditions, attitudes, and beliefs of its author. SE/TE: Inferring : beliefs of the period, 380, 384, 386, 393, 395, speaker's attitude, 459, 464, 465, 466, 883, 886, 890, 892, 893, 894; Interpreting, author's point of view, ; Recognizing writer's attitudes, 1075, 1077, 1081, 1083, 1085; Challenging text, 1313, 1315, 1316, 1321; Communications Workshops : Analyzing Persuasive Techniques, 646, Critiquing Persuasive Devices, 846, Analyzing Bias in News Media, 1340; also see: Unit Introductions, 4 13, , , , , ; The Changing English Language, 14, 236, 432, 662, 862, 1020; Writing About Literature: Analyzing Literary Periods, , ; Literature In Context (culture, economics, history, science, vocabulary, world events): 55, 84, 154, 192, 334, 351, 388, 548, 599, 618, 817, 952, 1079, 1150,

30 WRITING Planning, Evaluation, and Revision CCG: Pre-write, draft, revise, edit, and publish across the subject areas. Use a variety of strategies to prepare for writing, SE/TE: Prewriting: Choosing topic by, listing, such as brainstorming, making lists, mapping, 208, 211, charting, 211, sentence starters, 211, outlining, grouping related ideas, using graphic charting, 255, discussion group, 407, news scan, organizers, and taking notes. 407, freewriting, 637, listing, 637, checking available sources, 993, reviewing notebooks, journals, and textbooks, 993, itemizing, 1331, listing, 1331, media flip through, 1331; Narrowing topic by, finding focus, 208, concentrating on one idea, 211, note taking for summary, 247, testing ideas, 404, charting, 404, finding focus, 404, 407, note taking to focus on theme, 634, writing sentences, 637, generating questions to identify necessary background, 787, assessing values, 834, finding focus, 834, charting, 990, finding focus, 990, freewriting, 993, finding focus, 1328 Discuss ideas for writing with classmates, teachers, and other writers, and develop drafts alone and collaboratively. SE/TE: Drafting (including providing elaboration and shaping writing): 187, 209, 212, 397, 405, 408, 500, 553, 635, 638, 835, 838, 921, 991, 994, 1115, 1224, 1293, 1329, 1332 Identify audience and purpose. SE/TE: Analysis of audience, 603; also see: Prewriting (including choosing your topic, gathering details, narrowing your topic): 208, 211, 247, 255, 404, 407, 570, 634, 637, 699, 787, 834, 837, 881, 939, 959, 990, 993, 1199, 1249, 1328, 1331; Narrowing topic by finding focus, 208, 404, 407, 834, 990,

31 Choose the form of writing that best suits the intended purpose personal letter, letter to the editor, review, poem, report, or narrative. SE/TE: Writing About Literature: Analyzing Literary Periods, , , Comparing and Contrasting Literary Trends, , Comparing and Contrasting Literary Themes, , Evaluating Literary Trends, , ; Writing Workshops: Autobiographical narrative, , Reflective Essay, ; Persuasive Essay, , Reflective Essay, , Research paper, ; Writing (Build Language Skills includes Prewriting, Drafting, Revising and Model): 32, 65, 89, 122, 136, 158, 187, 203, 247, 255, 265, 279, 290, 326, 360, 380, 397, 447, 457, 468, 489, 500, 519, 535, 553, 571, 585, 603, 625, 677, 687, 699, 720, 759, 773, 787, 803, 821, 833, 881, 896, 921, 939, 959, 977, 987, 1035, 1053, 1069, 1087, 1111, 1115, 1129, 1141, 1154, 1181, 1199, 1223, 1249, 1261, 1273, 1283, 1293, 1311, 1323; Timed Writing Applications (including essay): 32, 65, 89, 93, 255, 265, 397, 457, 489, 500, 519, 677, 686, 687, 699, 721, 759, 803, 939, 959, 987, 1035, 1053, 1115, 1154, 1181, 1199, 1261, 1283, 1323 Use the writing process prewriting, drafting, revising, editing, and publishing successive versions. SE/TE: Writing About Literature: Analyzing Literary Periods, , , Comparing and Contrasting Literary Trends, , Comparing and Contrasting Literary Themes, , Evaluating Literary Trends, , ; Writing Workshops: Autobiographical narrative, , Reflective Essay, ; Persuasive Essay, , Reflective Essay, , Research paper, ; Writing (Build Language Skills includes Prewriting, Drafting, Revising and Model): 32, 65, 89, 122, 136, 158, 187, 203, 247, 255, 265, 279, 290, 326, 360, 380, 397, 447, 457, 468, 489, 500, 519, 535, 553, 571, 585, 603, 625, 677, 687, 699, 720, 759, 773, 787, 803, 821, 833, 881, 896, 921, 939, 959, 977, 987, 1035, 1053, 1069, 1087, 1111, 1115, 1129, 1141, 1154, 1181, 30

32 (Continued) 1199, 1223, 1249, 1261, 1273, 1283, 1293, 1311, 1323; Timed Writing Applications (including essay): 32, 65, 89, 93, 255, 265, 397, 457, 489, 500, 519, 677, 686, 687, 699, 721, 759, 803, 939, 959, 987, 1035, 1053, 1115, 1154, 1181, 1199, 1261, 1283, 1323 Focus on a central idea, excluding loosely related, extraneous, and repetitious information. SE/TE: Prewriting: Narrowing topic by, finding focus, 208, concentrating on one idea, 211, note taking for summary, 247, testing ideas, 404, charting, 404, finding focus, 404, 407, note taking to focus on theme, 634, writing sentences, 637, generating questions to identify necessary background, 787, assessing values, 834, finding focus, 834, charting, 990, finding focus, 990, freewriting, 993, finding focus, 1328 Use a scoring guide to review, evaluate, and revise writing for meaning and clarity. SE/TE: Writing Workshops: Rubric for Self- Assessment, 216, 413, 643, 843, 1001, 1337 Revise drafts to improve the logic and coherence of the organization and controlling idea, the precision of word choice, and the tone by taking into consideration the audience, purpose, and formality of the context. SE/TE: Revising (includes general, content, overall structure, paragraphs, sentences, style, tone, and word choice), 32, 65, 89, 158, 203, 209, 214, 290, 405, 408, 410, 447, 457, 468, 489, 519, 535, 585, 603, 635, 640, 677, 721, 759, 773, 803, 833, 835, 840, 896, 987, 991, 996, 1035, 1053, 1069, 1097, 1129, 1141, 1154, 1181, 1261, 1273, 1283, 1311, 1323, 1329,

33 Edit and proofread one s own writing, as well as that of others, using the writing conventions, and, for example, an editing checklist or list of rules with specific examples of corrections of specific errors. SE/TE: Writing Workshops: Editing and Proofreading, Words, commonly confused, 413, Commas, 643, Spelling, 843, Formatting, 843, Quotations, 1001, Focus on printed material, 1337, Quotations, R47 Writing CCG: Communicate supported ideas across the subject areas, including relevant examples, facts, anecdotes, and details appropriate to audience and purpose that engage reader interest; organize information in clear sequence, making connections and transitions among ideas, sentences, and paragraphs; and use precise words and fluent sentence structures that support meaning. These standards are assessed using Oregon s Official Writing Scoring Guide in grades 3 - CIM. Establish a coherent and clearly supported thesis SE/TE: Arranging arguments in logical order, that engages the reader, conveys a clear and 410; Shaping Writing by: deciding where to start, distinctive perspective on the subject, maintains a 638; establishing organizational plan, 994; logical consistent tone and focus throughout the piece of organization, 209; outlining, 405, 838; selecting writing, and ends with a well supported conclusion. and following format, 838; using parallelism and antithesis, 553; Elaborating by: considering variety and flow, 1332; including examples in informal outline, 635 Create an organizational structure that logically and effectively presents information using transitional elements that unify paragraphs and the work as a whole. SE/TE: Transitions, 209, 410; Revising: strengthening connections, 640, indicating cause and effect transition, 896, clarifying connections with transitions, 1283, transitions to make comparisons, 1261, to strengthen transitions,

34 Use precise language, action verbs, sensory details, and appropriate modifiers. SE/TE: Revising Style: for vague language, 835; Revising Tone: for vivid, precise language, 759; Revising Word Choice: strong, active language, 840; topic sentence coherence, 996; Revising Sentences: to strengthen central image, 1141; to strengthen main impression, 1069; Description, product, 1224; Elaborating: incorporating specific details, 638; Revising: with precise details, 1273; Clarifying time and place, 214; Elaborating for precision, 1154; Revising Sentences: to strengthen central image, 1141l Revising Tone: for vague language, 835; Revising Style: for vivid, precise language, 759; strong, active language, 840; Developing Style: strong verbs and adjectives, 215; vivid word choice, 215, 408: From the Author s Desk: Anita Desai on Writing Vivid Descriptions, 1333 Demonstrate an understanding of sentence construction including parallel structure and subordination to achieve clarity of meaning, vary sentence types, and enhance flow and rhythm. SE/TE: Revising Sentences: sentence order, 158, checking for accuracy, 519, balancing comparisons, 677, to strengthen transitions, 1334; also see: Analyzing difficult sentences, 97, 99, 102, 105, 107, 109, 113, 114, 116, 120 Conventions CCG: Demonstrate knowledge of spelling, grammar, punctuation, capitalization, and penmanship across the subject areas. Spelling Produce writing that shows accurate spelling. SE/TE: Editing/Proofreading : Spelling, 843; Spelling Strategy, 31, 64, 88, 121, 135, 157, 186, 202, 246, 254, 264, 278, 289, 325, 359, 379, 396, 446, 456, 467, 488, 499, 518, 534, 552, 570, 584, 602, 624, 676, 686, 698, 720, 758, 772, 786, 802, 820, 832, 880, 895, 920, 938, 958, 976, 986, 1034, 1052, 1068, 1086, 1099, 1114, 1128, 1140, 1153, 1180, 1198, 1222, 1248, 1260, 1272, 1282, 1292, 1310,

35 TR: Daily Language Practice Transparencies; Diagnostic and Benchmark Tests; Standardized Test Preparation Workbook; Skills Development Workbook; Skills Grammar Show control of clauses, including main and subordinate, and phrases, including gerund, infinitive, and participial. SE/TE: Phrase, 64, 254, 289, 571, 698, 720, 1086, 1099, 1128; Clause, 135, 278, 488, 602, 811, 819, 1034, 1114, 1180, 1248 TR: Daily Language Practice Transparencies; Diagnostic and Benchmark Tests; Standardized Test Preparation Workbook; Skills Development Workbook; Skills Understand and use proper placement of modifiers. SE/TE: Modifier, 456, 1052 TR: Daily Language Practice Transparencies; Diagnostic and Benchmark Tests; Standardized Test Preparation Workbook; Skills Development Workbook; Skills Demonstrate an understanding of proper English usage, including the consistent use of verb tenses and forms. SE/TE: Verb, 325, 359, 518, 772, 1198, 1322; also see: Understanding dialect, 189, 195, 197, 201; Translating dialect, 665, 667, 675; The Changing English Language: The Beginnings of English, 14, A Man of Fire New Words 236, No Harmless Drudge, He, 432, The Romantic Age, 662, The Victorian Age, 862, Britspeak, A to Zed, 1020 TR: Daily Language Practice Transparencies; Diagnostic and Benchmark Tests; Standardized Test Preparation Workbook; Skills Development Workbook; Skills 34

36 Punctuation Use conventions of punctuation correctly, including semicolons, colons, ellipses, hyphens, and dashes. SE/TE: Comma, 64, 88, 202, 832, 920; Editing/Proofreading: commas, 643; Letter, 279, 833; Semicolon, 88, 157; Sentences, compound, 88; Parenthetical expression, 571 TR: Daily Language Practice Transparencies; Diagnostic and Benchmark Tests; Standardized Test Preparation Workbook; Skills Development Workbook; Skills Capitalization Use correct capitalization. SE/TE: Capitalization, 246, 986, R46 TR: Daily Language Practice Transparencies; Diagnostic and Benchmark Tests; Standardized Test Preparation Workbook; Skills Development Workbook; Skills Handwriting Write legibly. SE/TE: Publishing/Presenting: 209, 220, 405, 413, 635, 643, 835, 843, 991, 1001, 1004, 1329, 1337; also see: Timed Writing Applications (including essay): 32, 65, 89, 93, 255, 265, 397, 457, 489, 500, 519, 677, 686, 687, 699, 721, 759, 803, 939, 959, 987, 1035, 1053, 1115, 1154, 1181, 1199, 1261, 1283, 1323 TR: Daily Language Practice Transparencies; Diagnostic and Benchmark Tests; Standardized Test Preparation Workbook; Skills Development Workbook; Skills 35

37 Writing Modes CCG: Write narrative, expository, and persuasive texts, using a variety of written forms including journals, essays, short stories, poems, research reports, research papers, business and technical writing to express ideas appropriate to audience and purpose across the subject areas. * *Suggested word length: CIM, 500-1,500 words. Work Samples can be selected from any of the listed modes. Personal Narrative SE/TE: Writing Workshops: Autobiographical narrative, , Reflective Essay, ; also see: Essay: autobiographical, 881 Fictional Narrative (Imaginative) SE/TE: Parable, in King James style, 290; Journal, investigative, 341; Diary entry, 359; Speech, persuasive, 413, 447, 1129; Poem, 468, 1069, 1141; Style, imitating author's, 553; Parody, writer's voice, 1249; Sequel, 1100 Expository SE/TE: Writing About Literature: Analyzing Literary Periods, , , Comparing and Contrasting Literary Trends, , Comparing and Contrasting Literary Themes, , Evaluating Literary Trends, , ; Writing Workshops: Persuasive Essay, , Reflective Essay, , Research paper, ; Writing Applications: Criticism, 121; Essay, 208, 404, 535, 603, 634, 834, 881, 990,