The Effect of Income on Educational Attainment: Evidence from State Earned Income Tax Credit Expansions

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The Effect of Income on Educational Attainment: Evidence from State Earned Income Tax Credit Expansions"

Transcription

1 The Effect of Income on Educational Attainment: Evidence from State Earned Income Tax Credit Expansions Katherine Michelmore Policy Analysis and Management Cornell University September 12, 2013 Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

2 Introduction Children growing up in lowest income quartile 50 percentage points less likely to go to college than children in top income quartile (Bailey and Dynarski 2011) Why are low-income children less likely to go to college? Differences in academic preparedness (Carneiro and Heckman 2002; Cunha et al. 2005) Test score gaps emerge in early childhood (Fryer and Levitt 2004; Rouse, Brooks-Gunn, McLanahan 2005) Obstacles in accessing financial aid (Bettinger et al. 2012) Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

3 How does the Earned Income Tax Credit affect educational attainment of children? Early research focused on labor force effects (see Hotz and Scholz 2003; Meyer 2010 for review) Some recent evidence that the EITC improves short-run outcomes of children Birth weight (Hoynes, Miller, Simon 2012) Test scores (Dahl and Lochner 2012) Test score gains tend to fade out after interventions end, but may still see long-run benefits (Deming 2009; Chetty et al 2012) No research has explored the long-run impacts of the EITC on children Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

4 Contributions Impact of EITC on educational attainment of children through two primary mechanisms: Early childhood interventions: Income transfer to low-income households with young children Financial Aid: Conditional cash transfer for children aged who remain full-time students When do income transfers matter most? Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

5 Current Study I use variation in state EITC implementation and generosity to examine how the EITC affects the educational outcomes of children Difference in differences strategy with variation in treatment dosage Proxy for EITC-eligibility using parents education (commonly done in EITC literature, e.g. Meyer and Rosenbaum 2001) Compare education outcomes of children before and after changes in EITC benefits relative to individuals in non- implementing states Control for secular trends in education outcomes using children from affluent households Examine how effects differ depending on length of EITC-exposure Outcomes of interest: High school graduation, years of schooling, college enrollment/completion Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

6 Preview of Results Following an increase in the EITC by $1,000, year old children of likely EITC recipients are more likely to enroll in college Intent-to-treat effects: 0.7 ppt more likely to be enrolled in college full-time (4% increase) 1 ppt more likely to have ever enrolled in college (2.5% increase) 0.3 ppt more likely to complete a bachelor s degree (10% increase) Larger effects among sample actually eligible for the EITC Effects concentrated among children exposed to state EITCs at younger ages (<12 years old) Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

7 Outline Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

8 EITC Background Largest cash transfer program in the United States $75 billion dollars in 2011 Distributed through the tax code; higher claiming rates compared to traditional welfare programs (over 80% in most years) Fully-refundable, households with no tax liability can still claim the credit Benefit based on prior calendar year s earnings, received in February-April of following year Must have earnings to qualify, no lifetime limits Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

9 EITC background, cont Several expansions to both federal and state EITCs since its inception in 1970s 24 states and DC have EITCs, supplement federal EITC Benefits calculated as a percentage of federal benefit: federal eligibility implies state eligibility Variation in both timing of implementation and generosity of benefits Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

10 Number of states with EITCs, by calendar year Benefit Level in year of implementation (as a percent of federal benefit) Benefit Level as of 2011 tax year (as a percent of federal benefit) Year of Implementation Rhode Island Vermont Wisconsin Iowa Minnesota New York Massachusetts Oregon Kansas Maryland Colorado DC Illinois Maine New Jersey Oklahoma Indiana Nebraska Delaware Virginia New Mexico North Carolina Michigan Louisiana Connecticut Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

11 Maximum federal and state EITC by time to state EITC implementation, in thousands of dollars (2011$) Maximum EITC benefit in thousands of dollars (2011$) Maximum federal and state EITC Years since state EITC implementation Maximum federal EITC only Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

12 EITC Background, cont. Benefit calculated based on the earnings of the head and spouse; varies by number of children in the household EITC schedule 97% of EITC dollars go to households with children: Childless credit worth less than $500; two-child credit worth up to $5,111 in 2011 Number of qualifying children: Up to 2 (3 for 2009 and beyond) Qualifying children: Live with parents at least half of the year; child does not provide more than half of own support Conditional cash transfer for children years old: Child must be under 19 at end of tax year, or under 24 and full-time student Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

13 Mechanisms: Early childhood interventions Children from low-income families may attend poor-quality schooling, not academically prepared for college Early childhood interventions lead to later life benefits (Chetty et al. 2012; Deming 2009; Krueger and Whitmore 2001) May be more cost-effective than interventions at college-age (Cunha et al. 2005; Duncan, Ludwig, Magnuson 2007) EITC improves the test scores of children (Dahl and Lochner 2012) Also leads to increased educational attainment? Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

14 Mechanisms: Early childhood interventions Receiving the EITC in childhood may allow families to improve quality of schooling for children throughout their lives The EITC tends to benefit families with young children (Average age of oldest child <12; Ackerman, Holtzblatt, Masken 2009) Recipients often eligible for several years (70% receive the benefit more than once; Ackerman, Holtzblatt, Masken 2009) EITC allows families to pay down debt, move to better neighborhoods, increase savings (Smeeding, Ross-Phillips, and O Connor 2002; Tach and Halpern- Meekin 2013) Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

15 Mechanisms: Financial aid for college-aged children Low-income families may face obstacles in attaining financial aid Mixed evidence regarding effectiveness of federal financial aid policies on educational attainment FAFSA complexity hinders college enrollment (Bettinger et al. 2012) Cash transfers for college-aged children increase college enrollment Dynarski (2003): College enrollment fell by 3.5 ppt per $1,000 loss in aid following Social Security Student Benefit Program elimination Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

16 Mechanisms: Financial aid for college-aged children Remaining in school could be worth over $4,000 in EITC benefits alone (for 2011 tax year) Maximum credit for one-child household: $3,094 Maximum credit for childless household: $464 One-year potential gain in EITC benefits (assuming state EITC worth 45% of federal): $4,500 Net cost of college for incomes below $32,000: $10,000 for four-year, $6,000 for two-year public institutions (College Board, school year) Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

17 Data Survey of Income and Program Participation Household survey with information on all individuals residing in the household or living away at school Short panel: Monthly data on household characteristics for months 81,724 observations for year olds living with at least one parent Observe education outcomes in March of each survey year Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

18 Data High-impact sample: Individuals living in a household where neither parent has schooling beyond high school (31,000 observations) Education often used as a proxy for EITC-eligibility (Meyer and Rosenbaum 2001; Baughman and Dickert-Conlin 2009; Hoynes, Miller, Simon 2012) Results not sensitive to definition of high-impact sample; similar results found using actual eligibility, bottom income quintile Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

19 Data limitations Only observe individuals who reside with a parent at the start of the survey (70% of year olds) Restrict sample to year olds (85% of year olds) Restrict sample to those who were <19 at time of survey (90% of year olds) Concern over selection into who lives with a parent Sample Little evidence that state EITC benefits affect likelihood of living at home Robustness check: Include individuals not living at home as part of treated sample SIPP lacks individual state identifiers for some small states in early panels, state-years dropped for ME and VT before 2004 Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

20 Summary Statistics: year olds, high-impact sample Never state EITC "pre" Pre-state EITC Never state EITC "post" Post-state EITC Difference in differences Currently enrolled in college (.417) (.436) (.42) (.452) (.011) Years of schooling (1.579) (1.605) (1.456) (1.482) (.032) Has a high school degree (.482) (.459) (.478) (.453) (.009) Ever enrolled in college (.48) (.491) (.477) (.495) (.008) Has at least an associate's degree (.177) (.2) (.223) (.258) (.007) Has at least a bachelor's degree (.136) (.165) (.12) (.184) (.005) Number of Observations 16,507 7,806 17,271 5,642 Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

21 Summary Statistics: year olds, high-impact sample Never state EITC "pre" Pre-state EITC Never state EITC "post" Post-state EITC Difference in differences Black (.387) (.425) (.372) (.357) (.008) Other (.239) (.191) (.265) (.25) (.005) Female (.498) (.496) (.499) (.5) (.011) Age (.988) (1.672) (1.646) (1.663) (.037) Maximum federal and state EITC (in 1,000s of 2011$ ) (1.411) (1.362) (.85) (1.07) (16.52) Number of male siblings in the household (.988) (.827) (.941) (.892) (.019) Number of female siblings in the household (.889) (.813) (.924) (.868) (.018) Living with both parents (.475) (.478) (.488) (.485) (.01) Number of Observations 16,507 7,806 17,271 5,642 CPS Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

22 Summary Statistics: year olds, high-impact sample SIPP year olds Never state EITC "pre" Pre-state EITC Never state EITC "post" Post-state EITC Difference in differences Currently enrolled in college (.004) (.007) (.004) (.008) (.014) Years of schooling (.015) (.021) (.013) (.022) (.032) Has a high school degree (.005) (.007) (.005) (.008) (.013) Ever enrolled in college (.005) (.007) (.004) (.008) (.009) Number of Observations 10,419 4,628 10,908 3,489 Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

23 Empirical Strategy Difference-in-Differences technique using variation in the timing and generosity of state EITC benefits Treatment variable constructed as the maximum federal and state EITC benefit for a household with two children in a given state and year (in 2011$) Example: Maximum federal EITC (2011, 2 kids): $5,112 Maximum Washington, DC benefit (40% of federal): $2,045 Maximum combined federal and state EITC for DC: $7,157 Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

24 Empirical Strategy I estimate two basic specifications, the first for the high impact sample only: Y i,s,t = γx i,s,t + φv s,t + βeitc s,t + θz s + αw t + ɛ i (1) Y i,s,t X i,s,t V s,t EITC s,t β Z s W t outcome for i in state s in year t demographic controls state economic indicators maximum federal and state EITC in state s in year t Effect of a $1,000 increase in max EITC on outcome Y i,s,t state FE year FE β identified off of within-state changes to EITC benefits over time Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

25 Empirical Strategy: Triple-Difference To control for secular state-level trends in education outcomes, I then include individuals not likely to be affected by the EITC: Y i,s,t = γx i,s,t +φv s,t +β 1 EITC s,t +β 2 ELG i,s,t +β 3 EITC s,t ELG i,s,t +θz s +αw t +ɛ i (2) ELG i,s,t β 3 indicator for high-impact sample key parameter of interest in (2): interaction of eligibility with EITC β 3 identifies effect of within-state EITC benefit increase of $1,000 on schooling of EITC-eligible children compared to those not eligible Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

26 Assumptions Likelihood of being in the sample does not change as a function of state EITC benefit changes high-impact sample Changes in state EITC benefits unrelated to existing trends in education outcomes Examine trends in education outcomes prior to state EITC implementation Pre-trends Use children from highly-educated households as control for state-level trends in education outcomes Changes in state EITC benefits are not correlated with other state-level policies/trends Test whether state EITC benefit is related to other state-level indicators Test of Exogeneity Control for state-by-year indicators such as GDP, minimum wage, unemployment rate Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

27 Pre-trends for outcomes of interest by time to state EITC implementation, relative to states that never implement and low-impact sample; effects normalized to zero in the year before implementation; year olds in the SIPP CPS fig a) Likelihood of being enrolled as full-time college student b) Number of years of schooling c) Likelihood of having a high school degree d) Likelihood of ever enrolling in college Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

28 Multivariate results: Effect of the EITC on education outcomes high impact sample High-impact sample SIPP year olds No controls W/controls No controls SIPP year olds W/controls Outcome variable Currently enrolled in college (0.015) (0.012) (0.014) (0.011) Years of Schooling ** (0.075) (0.051) (0.064) (0.050) High school graduate * (0.021) (0.012) (0.022) (0.016) Ever enrolled in college ** * (0.017) (0.012) (0.018) (0.015) Demographic Controls N Y N Y Year Fixed Effects Y Y Y Y State Fixed Effects Y Y Y Y Number of Observations 31,130 31,130 19,285 19,285 *** p<.01, ** p<.05, * p<.10. Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

29 Multivariate results: Effect of the EITC on education outcomes triple difference Alternative Specifications High-impact sample SIPP year olds No controls W/controls Outcome variable Currently enrolled in college (0.015) (0.012) Years of Schooling ** (0.075) (0.051) High school graduate * (0.021) (0.012) Ever enrolled in college ** (0.017) (0.012) Demographic Controls N Y Year Fixed Effects Y Y State Fixed Effects Y Y Number of Observations 31,130 31,130 *** p<.01, ** p<.05, * p<.10. Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

30 Multivariate Results: Degree completion, triple-difference No controls W/controls Outcome variable Has at least an associate's degree (0.002) (0.002) Has at least a bachelor's degree * * (0.001) (0.002) Demographic Controls N Y Year Fixed Effects Y Y State Fixed Effects Y Y Number of Observations 81,724 81,724 *** p<.01, ** p<.05, * p<.10. Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

31 Multivariate Results cont. When does money matter most? Gender, race, family composition Household size Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

32 Effect of EITC on outcomes of interest by age at state EITC implementation (reference: never exposed to state EITC), year olds in the SIPP CPS fig 2 a) Likelihood of being enrolled as full-time college student b) Number of years of schooling c) Likelihood of having a high school degree d) Likelihood of ever enrolling in college Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

33 Multivariate Results: Differences by gender, race Differences by gender Differences by family structure Differences by race Men Women Both parents Single Parent Non-Black Black Outcome variable Currently enrolled in college * *** ** (.005) (.004) (0.003) (0.006) (0.003) (0.007) Years of Schooling (.017) (.017) (0.016) (0.028) (0.015) (0.027) High school graduate (.004) (.004) (0.004) (0.006) (0.003) (0.007) Ever enrolled in college *** *** ** *** (.005) (.004) (0.004) (0.006) (0.004) (0.009) Demographic Controls Y Y Y Y Y Y Year Fixed Effects Y Y Y Y Y Y State Fixed Effects Y Y Y Y Y Y Number of Observations 43,280 38,444 58,740 22,984 69,932 11,792 *** p<.01, ** p<.05, * p<.10. Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

34 Effect of EITC on likelihood of ever enrolling in college by number of children in the household, year olds in the SIPP Effect on likelihood of ever enrolling in college Number of children under 24 living in the household Pooled Men Women Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

35 Conclusion Results suggest significant increases in educational attainment among children growing up in low-educated households associated with $1,000 increase in EITC benefits 0.7 ppt more likely to be enrolled full-time (4% increase) 1 ppt more likely to have ever enrolled in college (2.5% increase) 0.3 ppt more likely to complete a bachelor s degree (10% increase) Plausible estimates? Approximately half of high-impact sample actually eligible for the EITC: Treatment-on-treated effects roughly twice as large Chetty, Friedman, and Rockoff (2011) estimate that effects from Dahl and Lochner (2012) should lead to 0.3 ppt increase in college enrollment Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

36 Conclusion II Limitations and future work Not clear if children complete degrees; have higher wages Does the EITC impact levels of debt taken on to finance higher education? Other implications of better schooling? Health outcomes? Teen fertility? Policy implications Several states discussed cutting back EITCs: Michigan, North Carolina, Oregon, Connecticut, Kansas Results suggest adverse impacts on schooling of low-income youth Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

37 EITC tax schedule for 2011, single-headed households by number of children and earnings back 7000 No Kids 1 Kid 2 Kids 3+ Kids EITC benefit amount (in 2011$) Pre-tax earnings, in thousands of 2011$ Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

38 Summary Statistics: Living with parents vs. not living with parents back SIPP year olds Living with at least one parent Not living with a parent SIPP year olds Living with at least one parent Not living with a parent Currently enrolled in college 40.5% 18.3% 42.3% 21.9% 4 (.491) (.386) (.002) (.414) ( Years of Schooling (1.512) (2.003) (.006) (1.735) ( Has a high school degree 76.5% 77.0% 67.2% 64.6% 6 (.424) (.421) (.002) (.478) ( Ever enrolled in college 57.3% 45.7% 50.8% 35.2% 4 (.495) (.498) (.002) (.478) ( Has at least an Associate's degree 8.5% 12.6% 1.6% 2.8% (.278) (.332) (.001) (.164) Has at least a Bachelor's degree 5.1% 7.6% 0.2% 0.5% (.22) (.265) (.) (.067) Black 14.5% 13.6% 14.4% 16.6% 1 (.352) (.343) (.002) (.372) ( Other 6.0% 5.4% 6.2% 5.9% (.238) (.226) (.001) (.235) ( Female 45.9% 58.7% 47.3% 59.4% 4 (.498) (.492) (.002) (.491) ( Age (1.646) (1.546) (.004) (.795) ( Number of Observations 81,724 37,759 51,374 11, Livi le p Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

39 Likelihood of living at home as a function of EITC generosity back SIPP year olds SIPP year olds Outcome variable= Living with at least one parent at start of interview Maximum federal and state EITC (in thousands of 2000 dollars) * -0.0 (0.007) (0.008) (0.01 Demographic Controls Y Y Y Year Fixed Effects Y Y Y State Fixed Effects Y Y Y CPS 1 year Number of Observations 119,483 63, ,38 Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

40 Summary Statistics: year olds CPS back Never state EITC "pre" Pre-state EITC Never state EITC "post" Post-state EITC Difference in differences Currently enrolled in college (.415) (.438) (.421) (.464) (.006) Years of schooling (1.307) (1.34) (1.279) (1.28) (.017) Has a high school degree (.499) (.494) (.498) (.489) (.006) Ever enrolled in college (.454) (.47) (.457) (.486) (.006) Black (.328) (.418) (.32) (.389) (.005) Other (.252) (.178) (.278) (.249) (.003) Female (.497) (.497) (.497) (.497) (.006) Age (.81) (.811) (.81) (.82) (.005) Maximum federal and state EITC (in 1,000s of 2011$ ) (1.246) (1.266) (.638) (.795) (.013) Number of male siblings in the household (.889) (.846) (.905) (.827) (.011) Number of female siblings in the household (.887) (.775) (.873) (.827) (.011) Living with both parents (.471) (.482) (.477) (.491) (.006) Number of Observations 19,884 6,860 19,884 8,628 Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

41 Test of changes in demographic controls with EITC High-impact sample only back year olds, SIPP year olds, SIPP year olds, CPS year olds, SIPP Outcome variable Black (.024) (.02) (.011) (.004) Other ** (.01) (.013) (.008) (.002) Female (.015) (.019) (.014) (.003) Age * (.034) (.017) (.026) (.008) Number of male siblings (.065) (.079) (.032) (.011) Number of female siblin (.041) (.042) (.036) (.011) Living with both parents *** (.018) (.018) (.018) (.004) State Fixed Effects Y Y Y Y Year Fixed Effects Y Y Y Y Number of Observations 31,130 19,285 36,063 81,724 Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

42 Likelihood of being in the high-impact sample back SIPP year olds Outcome variable= In the high-impact sample Maximum federal and state EITC (in thousands of 2000 dollars) (0.017) (0.015) ( Demographic Controls Y Y Year Fixed Effects Y Y State Fixed Effects Y Y SIPP year olds Number of Observations 81,724 51,374 9 C Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

43 Test for exogeneity of timing of state EITC changes States that ever implement EITCs Maximum Federal and State EITC in year t (in thousands of 2011 dollars) All States Maximum Federal and State EITC in year t (in thousands of 2011 Dependent Variable: Log state GDP per capita (1.217) (.66) Unemployment Rate (*100) (.041) (.023) Log real minimum wage ** * (.209) (.12) State Fixed Effects Y Y Year Fixed Effects Y Y back Number of Observations Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

44 Pre-trends for outcomes of interest by time to state EITC implementation, relative to states that never implement and low-impact sample; effects normalized to zero in the year before implementation; year olds in the CPS back a) Likelihood of being enrolled as full-time college student b) Number of years of schooling c) Likelihood of having a high school degree d) Likelihood of ever enrolling in college Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

45 Alternative specifications back Main results from table 5 Actual eligibility in first year of survey Include individuals not living with a parent in treated Outcome variable Currently enrolled in college ** *** (.003) (.003) (.002) (.004) Years of Schooling * *** *** (.014) (.011) (.014) (.013) High school graduate *** ** * (.003) (.003) (.002) (.004) Ever enrolled in college *** *** *** ** (.003) (.005) (.002) (.004) Demographic Controls Y Y Y Y Year Fixed Effects Y Y Y Y State Fixed Effects Y Y Y Y Restrict to individuals under age 19 at start of survey Number of Observations 81,724 81, ,483 42,947 *** p<.01, ** p<.05, * p<.10 Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

46 Effect of EITC on outcomes of interest by age at state EITC implementation (reference: older than 23), year olds in the CPS back < < a) Likelihood of being enrolled as full-time college student b) Number of years of schooling < < c) Likelihood of having a high school degree d) Likelihood of ever enrolling in college Katherine Michelmore EITC and Education September / 1

Average Loan or Lease Term. Average

Average Loan or Lease Term. Average Auto Credit For many working families and individuals, owning a car or truck is critical to economic success. For most, a car or other vehicle is their primary means of transportation to work. For those

More information

46 Children s Defense Fund

46 Children s Defense Fund Nationally, about 1 in 15 teens ages 16 to 19 is a dropout. Fewer than two-thirds of 9 th graders in Florida, Georgia, Louisiana and Nevada graduate from high school within four years with a regular diploma.

More information

STATE CAPITAL SPENDING ON PK 12 SCHOOL FACILITIES NORTH CAROLINA

STATE CAPITAL SPENDING ON PK 12 SCHOOL FACILITIES NORTH CAROLINA STATE CAPITAL SPENDING ON PK 12 SCHOOL FACILITIES NORTH CAROLINA NOVEMBER 2010 Authors Mary Filardo Stephanie Cheng Marni Allen Michelle Bar Jessie Ulsoy 21st Century School Fund (21CSF) Founded in 1994,

More information

medicaid and the How will the Medicaid Expansion for Adults Impact Eligibility and Coverage? Key Findings in Brief

medicaid and the How will the Medicaid Expansion for Adults Impact Eligibility and Coverage? Key Findings in Brief on medicaid and the uninsured July 2012 How will the Medicaid Expansion for Impact Eligibility and Coverage? Key Findings in Brief Effective January 2014, the ACA establishes a new minimum Medicaid eligibility

More information

Wilma Rudolph Student Athlete Achievement Award

Wilma Rudolph Student Athlete Achievement Award Wilma Rudolph Student Athlete Achievement Award CRITERIA FOR NOMINATION The N4A Wilma Rudolph Student Athlete Achievement Award is intended to honor student athletes who have overcome great personal, academic,

More information

cover Private Public Schools America s Michael J. Petrilli and Janie Scull

cover Private Public Schools America s Michael J. Petrilli and Janie Scull cover America s Private Public Schools Michael J. Petrilli and Janie Scull February 2010 contents introduction 3 national findings 5 state findings 6 metropolitan area findings 13 conclusion 18 about us

More information

BUILDING CAPACITY FOR COLLEGE AND CAREER READINESS: LESSONS LEARNED FROM NAEP ITEM ANALYSES. Council of the Great City Schools

BUILDING CAPACITY FOR COLLEGE AND CAREER READINESS: LESSONS LEARNED FROM NAEP ITEM ANALYSES. Council of the Great City Schools 1 BUILDING CAPACITY FOR COLLEGE AND CAREER READINESS: LESSONS LEARNED FROM NAEP ITEM ANALYSES Council of the Great City Schools 2 Overview This analysis explores national, state and district performance

More information

Disciplinary action: special education and autism IDEA laws, zero tolerance in schools, and disciplinary action

Disciplinary action: special education and autism IDEA laws, zero tolerance in schools, and disciplinary action National Autism Data Center Fact Sheet Series March 2016; Issue 7 Disciplinary action: special education and autism IDEA laws, zero tolerance in schools, and disciplinary action The Individuals with Disabilities

More information

Updated: December Educational Attainment

Updated: December Educational Attainment Updated: Educational Attainment Among 25- to 29-year olds, the proportions who have attained a high school education, some college, or a bachelor s degree are all rising, according to longterm trends.

More information

A Profile of Top Performers on the Uniform CPA Exam

A Profile of Top Performers on the Uniform CPA Exam Marquette University e-publications@marquette Accounting Faculty Research and Publications Business Administration, College of 8-1-2014 A Profile of Top Performers on the Uniform CPA Exam Michael D. Akers

More information

Two Million K-12 Teachers Are Now Corralled Into Unions. And 1.3 Million Are Forced to Pay Union Dues, as Well as Accept Union Monopoly Bargaining

Two Million K-12 Teachers Are Now Corralled Into Unions. And 1.3 Million Are Forced to Pay Union Dues, as Well as Accept Union Monopoly Bargaining FACT SHEET National Institute for Labor Relations Research 5211 Port Royal Road, Suite 510 i Springfield, VA 22151 i Phone: (703) 321-9606 i Fax: (703) 321-7342 i research@nilrr.org i www.nilrr.org August

More information

Discussion Papers. Assessing the New Federalism. State General Assistance Programs An Urban Institute Program to Assess Changing Social Policies

Discussion Papers. Assessing the New Federalism. State General Assistance Programs An Urban Institute Program to Assess Changing Social Policies State General Assistance Programs 1998 L. Jerome Gallagher Cori E. Uccello Alicia B. Pierce Erin B. Reidy 99 01 Assessing the New Federalism An Urban Institute Program to Assess Changing Social Policies

More information

2017 National Clean Water Law Seminar and Water Enforcement Workshop Continuing Legal Education (CLE) Credits. States

2017 National Clean Water Law Seminar and Water Enforcement Workshop Continuing Legal Education (CLE) Credits. States t 2017 National Clean Water Law Seminar and Water Enforcement Workshop Continuing Legal Education (CLE) Credits NACWA has applied to the states listed below for Continuing Legal Education (CLE) credits.

More information

Welcome. Paulo Goes Dean, Eller College of Management Welcome Our region

Welcome. Paulo Goes Dean, Eller College of Management Welcome Our region Welcome. Paulo Goes Dean, Welcome. Our region Outlook for Tucson Patricia Feeney Executive Director, Southern Arizona Market Chase George W. Hammond, Ph.D. Director, University of Arizona 1 Visit the award-winning

More information

FY year and 3-year Cohort Default Rates by State and Level and Control of Institution

FY year and 3-year Cohort Default Rates by State and Level and Control of Institution Student Aid Policy Analysis FY2007 2-year and 3-year Cohort Default Rates by State and Level and Control of Institution Mark Kantrowitz Publisher of FinAid.org and FastWeb.com January 5, 2010 EXECUTIVE

More information

THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL IMPACT OF APPRENTICESHIP PROGRAMS

THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL IMPACT OF APPRENTICESHIP PROGRAMS THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL IMPACT OF APPRENTICESHIP PROGRAMS March 14, 2017 Presentation by: Frank Manzo IV, MPP Illinois Economic Policy Institute fmanzo@illinoisepi.org www.illinoisepi.org The Big Takeaways

More information

Chapter Six The Non-Monetary Benefits of Higher Education

Chapter Six The Non-Monetary Benefits of Higher Education Chapter Six The Non-Monetary Benefits of Higher Education This Chapter addresses the third objective of the thesis. The purpose of this chapter is to document some of the non-monetary benefits associated

More information

Housekeeping. Questions

Housekeeping. Questions Housekeeping To join us on audio, dial the phone number in the teleconference box and follow the prompts. Please dial in with your Attendee ID number. The Attendee ID number will connect your name in WebEx

More information

Fighting for Education:

Fighting for Education: Fighting for Education: Veterans and Financial Aid Andrew Barr University of Virginia November 8, 2014 (Please Do Not Distribute Outside of Your Institution) Abstract The Post-9/11 GI Bill brought about

More information

Wisconsin 4 th Grade Reading Results on the 2015 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)

Wisconsin 4 th Grade Reading Results on the 2015 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Wisconsin 4 th Grade Reading Results on the 2015 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Main takeaways from the 2015 NAEP 4 th grade reading exam: Wisconsin scores have been statistically flat

More information

Understanding University Funding

Understanding University Funding Understanding University Funding Jamie Graham Registrar and AVP, Institutional Planning Brad MacIsaac AVP Planning & Analysis, and Registrar Where does Funding Come From Total Revenue Ontario $13.1B Other

More information

NASWA SURVEY ON PELL GRANTS AND APPROVED TRAINING FOR UI SUMMARY AND STATE-BY-STATE RESULTS

NASWA SURVEY ON PELL GRANTS AND APPROVED TRAINING FOR UI SUMMARY AND STATE-BY-STATE RESULTS NASWA SURVEY ON PELL GRANTS AND APPROVED TRAINING FOR UI SUMMARY AND STATE-BY-STATE RESULTS FINAL: 3/22/2010 Contact: Yvette Chocolaad Director, Center for Employment Security Education and Research National

More information

Rural Education in Oregon

Rural Education in Oregon Rural Education in Oregon Overcoming the Challenges of Income and Distance ECONorthwest )'3231-'7 *-2%2') 40%22-2+ Cover photos courtesy of users Lars Plougmann, San José Library, Jared and Corin, U.S.Department

More information

Iowa School District Profiles. Le Mars

Iowa School District Profiles. Le Mars Iowa School District Profiles Overview This profile describes enrollment trends, student performance, income levels, population, and other characteristics of the public school district. The report utilizes

More information

National Survey of Student Engagement Spring University of Kansas. Executive Summary

National Survey of Student Engagement Spring University of Kansas. Executive Summary National Survey of Student Engagement Spring 2010 University of Kansas Executive Summary Overview One thousand six hundred and twenty-one (1,621) students from the University of Kansas completed the web-based

More information

Proficiency Illusion

Proficiency Illusion KINGSBURY RESEARCH CENTER Proficiency Illusion Deborah Adkins, MS 1 Partnering to Help All Kids Learn NWEA.org 503.624.1951 121 NW Everett St., Portland, OR 97209 Executive Summary At the heart of the

More information

EAD 948 Advanced Economics of Education

EAD 948 Advanced Economics of Education EAD 948 Advanced Economics of Education Professor Scott Imberman 25D Marshall-Adams Hall Mailbox in 110 Marshall-Adams Hall. 517-355-4667 imberman@msu.edu Spring 2017 Synopsis: This course will cover topics

More information

READY OR NOT? CALIFORNIA'S EARLY ASSESSMENT PROGRAM AND THE TRANSITION TO COLLEGE

READY OR NOT? CALIFORNIA'S EARLY ASSESSMENT PROGRAM AND THE TRANSITION TO COLLEGE READY OR NOT? CALIFORNIA'S EARLY ASSESSMENT PROGRAM AND THE TRANSITION TO COLLEGE Michal Kurlaender University of California, Davis Policy Analysis for California Education March 16, 2012 This research

More information

ABILITY SORTING AND THE IMPORTANCE OF COLLEGE QUALITY TO STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT: EVIDENCE FROM COMMUNITY COLLEGES

ABILITY SORTING AND THE IMPORTANCE OF COLLEGE QUALITY TO STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT: EVIDENCE FROM COMMUNITY COLLEGES ABILITY SORTING AND THE IMPORTANCE OF COLLEGE QUALITY TO STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT: EVIDENCE FROM COMMUNITY COLLEGES Kevin Stange Ford School of Public Policy University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI 48109-3091

More information

Financial aid: Degree-seeking undergraduates, FY15-16 CU-Boulder Office of Data Analytics, Institutional Research March 2017

Financial aid: Degree-seeking undergraduates, FY15-16 CU-Boulder Office of Data Analytics, Institutional Research March 2017 CU-Boulder financial aid, degree-seeking undergraduates, FY15-16 Page 1 Financial aid: Degree-seeking undergraduates, FY15-16 CU-Boulder Office of Data Analytics, Institutional Research March 2017 Contents

More information

Over-Age, Under-Age, and On-Time Students in Primary School, Congo, Dem. Rep.

Over-Age, Under-Age, and On-Time Students in Primary School, Congo, Dem. Rep. Primary School Net and Gross Attendance Rates, Congo, Dem. Rep. Less than two thirds of school age children in the Democratic Republic of the Congo attend primary school. Boys are not much more likely

More information

How and Why Has Teacher Quality Changed in Australia?

How and Why Has Teacher Quality Changed in Australia? The Australian Economic Review, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 141 59 How and Why Has Teacher Quality Changed in Australia? Andrew Leigh and Chris Ryan Research School of Social Sciences, The Australian National

More information

The number of involuntary part-time workers,

The number of involuntary part-time workers, University of New Hampshire Carsey School of Public Policy CARSEY RESEARCH National Issue Brief #116 Spring 2017 Involuntary Part-Time Employment A Slow and Uneven Economic Recovery Rebecca Glauber The

More information

How to Prepare for the Growing Price Tag

How to Prepare for the Growing Price Tag The Skyrocketing Cost of College How to Prepare for the Growing Price Tag Ken O Connor, Director of Student Advocacy, Fynanz, Inc. Mike Sabatino, CFP, Managing Director of Financial Planning and Education,

More information

Earnings Functions and Rates of Return

Earnings Functions and Rates of Return DISCUSSION PAPER SERIES IZA DP No. 3310 Earnings Functions and Rates of Return James J. Heckman Lance J. Lochner Petra E. Todd January 2008 Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit Institute for the Study

More information

Availability of Grants Largely Offset Tuition Increases for Low-Income Students, U.S. Report Says

Availability of Grants Largely Offset Tuition Increases for Low-Income Students, U.S. Report Says Wednesday, October 2, 2002 http://chronicle.com/daily/2002/10/2002100206n.htm Availability of Grants Largely Offset Tuition Increases for Low-Income Students, U.S. Report Says As the average price of attending

More information

Serving Country and Community: A Study of Service in AmeriCorps. A Profile of AmeriCorps Members at Baseline. June 2001

Serving Country and Community: A Study of Service in AmeriCorps. A Profile of AmeriCorps Members at Baseline. June 2001 Serving Country and Community: A Study of Service in AmeriCorps Cambridge, MA Lexington, MA Hadley, MA Bethesda, MD Washington, DC Chicago, IL Cairo, Egypt Johannesburg, South Africa A Profile of AmeriCorps

More information

2014 Comprehensive Survey of Lawyer Assistance Programs

2014 Comprehensive Survey of Lawyer Assistance Programs 2014 Comprehensive Survey of Lawyer Assistance Programs A m e r i c a n B a r A s s o c i a t i o n 3 2 1 N. C l a r k S t r e e t C h i c a g o, I L 6 0 6 5 4 Copyright 2015 by the American Bar Association.

More information

Like much of the country, Detroit suffered significant job losses during the Great Recession.

Like much of the country, Detroit suffered significant job losses during the Great Recession. 36 37 POPULATION TRENDS Economy ECONOMY Like much of the country, suffered significant job losses during the Great Recession. Since bottoming out in the first quarter of 2010, however, the city has seen

More information

Annex 1: Millennium Development Goals Indicators

Annex 1: Millennium Development Goals Indicators Annex 1: Millennium Development Goals Indicators Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Goals and Targets(Millennium Declaration) Indicators for monitoring progress GOAL 1: ERADICATE EXTREME POVERTY AND HUNGER

More information

Research Update. Educational Migration and Non-return in Northern Ireland May 2008

Research Update. Educational Migration and Non-return in Northern Ireland May 2008 Research Update Educational Migration and Non-return in Northern Ireland May 2008 The Equality Commission for Northern Ireland (hereafter the Commission ) in 2007 contracted the Employment Research Institute

More information

Trends & Issues Report

Trends & Issues Report Trends & Issues Report prepared by David Piercy & Marilyn Clotz Key Enrollment & Demographic Trends Options Identified by the Eight Focus Groups General Themes 4J Eugene School District 4J Eugene, Oregon

More information

LOW-INCOME EMPLOYEES IN THE UNITED STATES

LOW-INCOME EMPLOYEES IN THE UNITED STATES LOW-INCOME EMPLOYEES IN THE UNITED STATES James T. Bond and Ellen Galinsky Families and Work Institute November 2012 This report is funded by the Ford Foundation as part of its efforts to understand and

More information

The Effects of Statewide Private School Choice on College Enrollment and Graduation

The Effects of Statewide Private School Choice on College Enrollment and Graduation E D U C A T I O N P O L I C Y P R O G R A M R E S E A RCH REPORT The Effects of Statewide Private School Choice on College Enrollment and Graduation Evidence from the Florida Tax Credit Scholarship Program

More information

Free Fall. By: John Rogers, Melanie Bertrand, Rhoda Freelon, Sophie Fanelli. March 2011

Free Fall. By: John Rogers, Melanie Bertrand, Rhoda Freelon, Sophie Fanelli. March 2011 Free Fall Educational Opportunities in 2011 By: John Rogers, Melanie Bertrand, Rhoda Freelon, Sophie Fanelli March 2011 Copyright 2011 UCLA s Institute for Democracy, Education, and Access UC All Campus

More information

DUAL ENROLLMENT ADMISSIONS APPLICATION. You can get anywhere from here.

DUAL ENROLLMENT ADMISSIONS APPLICATION. You can get anywhere from here. DUAL ENROLLMENT ADMISSIONS APPLICATION SM You can get anywhere from here. Please print or type: DUAL ENROLLMENT APPLICATION Last Name First Name Maiden/Middle Social Security # Local Address (include apt.

More information

Integrated Pell Grant Expansion and Bachelor s Completion Pay for Performance: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis. Harrison G. Holcomb William T.

Integrated Pell Grant Expansion and Bachelor s Completion Pay for Performance: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis. Harrison G. Holcomb William T. 1 Integrated Pell Grant Expansion and Bachelor s Completion Pay for Performance: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Harrison G. Holcomb William T. Drier School of Public Affairs University of Colorado Denver

More information

Descriptive Summary of Beginning Postsecondary Students Two Years After Entry

Descriptive Summary of Beginning Postsecondary Students Two Years After Entry NATIONAL CENTER FOR EDUCATION STATISTICS Statistical Analysis Report June 994 Descriptive Summary of 989 90 Beginning Postsecondary Students Two Years After Entry Contractor Report Robert Fitzgerald Lutz

More information

State Limits on Contributions to Candidates Election Cycle Updated June 27, PAC Candidate Contributions

State Limits on Contributions to Candidates Election Cycle Updated June 27, PAC Candidate Contributions State Limits on to Candidates 2017-2018 Election Cycle Updated June 27, 2017 Individual Candidate Alabama Ala. Code 17-5-1 et seq. Unlimited Unlimited Unlimited Unlimited Unlimited Alaska 15.13.070, 15.13.072(e),

More information

The Good Judgment Project: A large scale test of different methods of combining expert predictions

The Good Judgment Project: A large scale test of different methods of combining expert predictions The Good Judgment Project: A large scale test of different methods of combining expert predictions Lyle Ungar, Barb Mellors, Jon Baron, Phil Tetlock, Jaime Ramos, Sam Swift The University of Pennsylvania

More information

Networks and the Diffusion of Cutting-Edge Teaching and Learning Knowledge in Sociology

Networks and the Diffusion of Cutting-Edge Teaching and Learning Knowledge in Sociology RESEARCH BRIEF Networks and the Diffusion of Cutting-Edge Teaching and Learning Knowledge in Sociology Roberta Spalter-Roth, Olga V. Mayorova, Jean H. Shin, and Janene Scelza INTRODUCTION How are transformational

More information

Accessing Higher Education in Developing Countries: panel data analysis from India, Peru and Vietnam

Accessing Higher Education in Developing Countries: panel data analysis from India, Peru and Vietnam Accessing Higher Education in Developing Countries: panel data analysis from India, Peru and Vietnam Alan Sanchez (GRADE) y Abhijeet Singh (UCL) 12 de Agosto, 2017 Introduction Higher education in developing

More information

Is there a Causal Effect of High School Math on Labor Market Outcomes?

Is there a Causal Effect of High School Math on Labor Market Outcomes? Is there a Causal Effect of High School Math on Labor Market Outcomes? Juanna Schrøter Joensen Department of Economics, University of Aarhus jjoensen@econ.au.dk Helena Skyt Nielsen Department of Economics,

More information

Status of Women of Color in Science, Engineering, and Medicine

Status of Women of Color in Science, Engineering, and Medicine Status of Women of Color in Science, Engineering, and Medicine The figures and tables below are based upon the latest publicly available data from AAMC, NSF, Department of Education and the US Census Bureau.

More information

ObamaCare Expansion Enrollment is Shattering Projections

ObamaCare Expansion Enrollment is Shattering Projections NOV 16 2016 ObamaCare Expansion Enrollment is Shattering Projections TA X PAY E R S A N D T H E T R U LY NEEDY WILL PAY T H E PRICE AUTHORED BY: Jonathan Ingram Vice President of Research Nicholas Horton

More information

2/3 9.8% 38% $0.78. The Status of Women in Missouri: 2016 ARE WOMEN 51% 22% A Comprehensive Report of Leading Indicators and Findings.

2/3 9.8% 38% $0.78. The Status of Women in Missouri: 2016 ARE WOMEN 51% 22% A Comprehensive Report of Leading Indicators and Findings. A Missouri WOMAN WORKING FULL-TIME EARNS ONLY $0.78 FOR EACH DOLLAR A MAN EARNS 2/3 OF Missouri SENIORS LIVING IN POVERTY ARE WOMEN 9.8% The Status of Women in Missouri: 2016 A Comprehensive Report of

More information

Conditional Cash Transfers in Education: Design Features, Peer and Sibling Effects Evidence from a Randomized Experiment in Colombia 1

Conditional Cash Transfers in Education: Design Features, Peer and Sibling Effects Evidence from a Randomized Experiment in Colombia 1 Conditional Cash Transfers in Education: Design Features, Peer and Sibling Effects Evidence from a Randomized Experiment in Colombia 1 First Draft: July 2007 Current Draft: March 2008 Felipe Barrera-Osorio

More information

I. General provisions. II. Rules for the distribution of funds of the Financial Aid Fund for students

I. General provisions. II. Rules for the distribution of funds of the Financial Aid Fund for students Rules and Regulations for the calculation, awarding and payment of financial aid for full-time and part-time students with awarding criteria and procedures at the Warsaw Film School I. General provisions

More information

Trends in Tuition at Idaho s Public Colleges and Universities: Critical Context for the State s Education Goals

Trends in Tuition at Idaho s Public Colleges and Universities: Critical Context for the State s Education Goals 1 Trends in Tuition at Idaho s Public Colleges and Universities: Critical Context for the State s Education Goals June 2017 Idahoans have long valued public higher education, recognizing its importance

More information

CLE/MCLE Information by State

CLE/MCLE Information by State /M Information by State Updated June 30, 2011 State /M Information Form Contact Telephone Email Alabama http://www.alabar.org/cle/ http://www.alabar.org/cle/course_approv al.cfm Linda Dukes Conner, of

More information

An Empirical Analysis of the Effects of Mexican American Studies Participation on Student Achievement within Tucson Unified School District

An Empirical Analysis of the Effects of Mexican American Studies Participation on Student Achievement within Tucson Unified School District An Empirical Analysis of the Effects of Mexican American Studies Participation on Student Achievement within Tucson Unified School District Report Submitted June 20, 2012, to Willis D. Hawley, Ph.D., Special

More information

NCEO Technical Report 27

NCEO Technical Report 27 Home About Publications Special Topics Presentations State Policies Accommodations Bibliography Teleconferences Tools Related Sites Interpreting Trends in the Performance of Special Education Students

More information

What You Need to Know About Financial Aid

What You Need to Know About Financial Aid What You Need to Know About Financial Aid 2018-2019 Topics We Will Discuss Tonight What is financial aid? Cost of attendance (COA) Expected family contribution (EFC) Financial need Categories, types, and

More information

2013 donorcentrics Annual Report on Higher Education Alumni Giving

2013 donorcentrics Annual Report on Higher Education Alumni Giving 213 donorcentrics Annual Report on Higher Education Alumni Giving Summary of Annual Fund Key Performance Indicators July 212-June 213 214 2 Daniel Island Drive, Charleston, SC 29492 T 8.443.9441 E solutions@blackbaud.com

More information

Shelters Elementary School

Shelters Elementary School Shelters Elementary School August 2, 24 Dear Parents and Community Members: We are pleased to present you with the (AER) which provides key information on the 23-24 educational progress for the Shelters

More information

Educational Attainment

Educational Attainment A Demographic and Socio-Economic Profile of Allen County, Indiana based on the 2010 Census and the American Community Survey Educational Attainment A Review of Census Data Related to the Educational Attainment

More information

The College of New Jersey Department of Chemistry. Overview- 2009

The College of New Jersey Department of Chemistry. Overview- 2009 The College of New Jersey Department of Chemistry Overview- 2009 Faculty Heba Abourahma John Allison Michelle Bunagan Lynn Bradley Benny Chan Don Hirsh Jinmo Huang David Hunt Stephanie Sen (plus currently

More information

NATIONAL SURVEY OF STUDENT ENGAGEMENT

NATIONAL SURVEY OF STUDENT ENGAGEMENT NATIONAL SURVEY OF STUDENT ENGAGEMENT (NSSE 2004 Results) Perspectives from USM First-Year and Senior Students Office of Academic Assessment University of Southern Maine Portland Campus 780-4383 Fall 2004

More information

Paying for. Cosmetology School S C H O O L B E AU T Y. Financing your new life. beautyschoolnetwork.com pg 1

Paying for. Cosmetology School S C H O O L B E AU T Y. Financing your new life. beautyschoolnetwork.com pg 1 Paying for Cosmetology School B E AU T Y S C H O O L Financing your new life. beautyschoolnetwork.com beautyschoolnetwork.com pg 1 B E AU T Y S C H O O L Table of Contents How to Pay for Cosmetology School...

More information

Series IV - Financial Management and Marketing Fiscal Year

Series IV - Financial Management and Marketing Fiscal Year Series IV - Financial Management and Marketing... 1 4.101 Fiscal Year... 1 4.102 Budget Preparation... 2 4.201 Authorized Signatures... 3 4.2021 Financial Assistance... 4 4.2021-R Financial Assistance

More information

Why Graduate School? Deborah M. Figart, Ph.D., Dean, School of Graduate and Continuing Studies. The Degree You Need to Achieve TM

Why Graduate School? Deborah M. Figart, Ph.D., Dean, School of Graduate and Continuing Studies. The Degree You Need to Achieve TM Why Graduate School? Deborah M. Figart, Ph.D., Dean, School of Graduate and Continuing Studies Message from the Dean Prospective Graduate Students: As an economist, I want to relate how crucial it is for

More information

Cooper Upper Elementary School

Cooper Upper Elementary School LIVONIA PUBLIC SCHOOLS http://cooper.livoniapublicschools.org 215-216 Annual Education Report BOARD OF EDUCATION 215-16 Colleen Burton, President Dianne Laura, Vice President Tammy Bonifield, Secretary

More information

Suggested Citation: Institute for Research on Higher Education. (2016). College Affordability Diagnosis: Maine. Philadelphia, PA: Institute for

Suggested Citation: Institute for Research on Higher Education. (2016). College Affordability Diagnosis: Maine. Philadelphia, PA: Institute for MAINE Suggested Citation: Institute for Research on Higher Education. (2016). College Affordability Diagnosis: Maine. Philadelphia, PA: Institute for Research on Higher Education, Graduate School of Education,

More information

Value of Athletics in Higher Education March Prepared by Edward J. Ray, President Oregon State University

Value of Athletics in Higher Education March Prepared by Edward J. Ray, President Oregon State University Materials linked from the 5/12/09 OSU Faculty Senate agenda 1. Who Participates Value of Athletics in Higher Education March 2009 Prepared by Edward J. Ray, President Oregon State University Today, more

More information

Peer Influence on Academic Achievement: Mean, Variance, and Network Effects under School Choice

Peer Influence on Academic Achievement: Mean, Variance, and Network Effects under School Choice Megan Andrew Cheng Wang Peer Influence on Academic Achievement: Mean, Variance, and Network Effects under School Choice Background Many states and municipalities now allow parents to choose their children

More information

Access Center Assessment Report

Access Center Assessment Report Access Center Assessment Report The purpose of this report is to provide a description of the demographics as well as higher education access and success of Access Center students at CSU. College access

More information

State Budget Update February 2016

State Budget Update February 2016 State Budget Update February 2016 2016-17 BUDGET TRAILER BILL SUMMARY The Budget Trailer Bill Language is the implementing statute needed to effectuate the proposals in the annual Budget Bill. The Governor

More information

Learning But Not Earning? The Value of Job Corps Training for Hispanics

Learning But Not Earning? The Value of Job Corps Training for Hispanics Learning But Not Earning? The Value of Job Corps Training for Hispanics Alfonso Flores-Lagunes The University of Arizona Department of Economics Tucson, AZ 85721 (520) 626-3165 alfonso@eller.arizona.edu

More information

EARNING. THE ACCT 2016 INVITATIONAL SYMPOSIUM: GETTING IN THE FAST LANE Ensuring Economic Security and Meeting the Workforce Needs of the Nation

EARNING. THE ACCT 2016 INVITATIONAL SYMPOSIUM: GETTING IN THE FAST LANE Ensuring Economic Security and Meeting the Workforce Needs of the Nation THE ACCT 2016 INVITATIONAL SYMPOSIUM: GETTING IN THE FAST LANE Ensuring Economic Security and Meeting the Workforce Needs of the Nation Discussion Papers 2016 Invitational Symposium LEARNING WHILE EARNING

More information

Coming in. Coming in. Coming in

Coming in. Coming in. Coming in 212-213 Report Card for Glenville High School SCHOOL DISTRICT District results under review by the Ohio Department of Education based upon 211 findings by the Auditor of State. Achievement This grade combines

More information

Trends in Student Aid and Trends in College Pricing

Trends in Student Aid and Trends in College Pricing Trends in Student Aid and Trends in College Pricing 2012 NYSFAAA Conference Katrina Delgrosso Senior Educational Manager Agenda What is the College Board Advocacy & Policy Center? Trends in College Pricing

More information

RAISING ACHIEVEMENT BY RAISING STANDARDS. Presenter: Erin Jones Assistant Superintendent for Student Achievement, OSPI

RAISING ACHIEVEMENT BY RAISING STANDARDS. Presenter: Erin Jones Assistant Superintendent for Student Achievement, OSPI RAISING ACHIEVEMENT BY RAISING STANDARDS Presenter: Erin Jones Assistant Superintendent for Student Achievement, OSPI Agenda Introductions Definitions History of the work Strategies Next steps Debrief

More information

The following tables contain data that are derived mainly

The following tables contain data that are derived mainly APPENDIX Medical Schools in the United s, 2012-2013 Barbara Barzansky, PhD; Sylvia I. Etzel The following tables contain data that are derived mainly from the 2012-2013 Liaison Committee on Medical Education

More information

Estimating the Cost of Meeting Student Performance Standards in the St. Louis Public Schools

Estimating the Cost of Meeting Student Performance Standards in the St. Louis Public Schools Estimating the Cost of Meeting Student Performance Standards in the St. Louis Public Schools Prepared by: William Duncombe Professor of Public Administration Education Finance and Accountability Program

More information

WASHINGTON COLLEGE SAVINGS

WASHINGTON COLLEGE SAVINGS WASHINGTON COLLEGE SAVINGS EVERY CHILD DESERVES TO GO TITLE BUILDING STUDENT SUCCESS ONE DOLLAR AT A TIME Jacquelyne Ferrado WFAA Conference October 12, 2017 Presenters Event Date SESSION GOALS Raise Awareness

More information

National Academies STEM Workforce Summit

National Academies STEM Workforce Summit National Academies STEM Workforce Summit September 21-22, 2015 Irwin Kirsch Director, Center for Global Assessment PIAAC and Policy Research ETS Policy Research using PIAAC data America s Skills Challenge:

More information

CHAPTER 4: REIMBURSEMENT STRATEGIES 24

CHAPTER 4: REIMBURSEMENT STRATEGIES 24 CHAPTER 4: REIMBURSEMENT STRATEGIES 24 INTRODUCTION Once state level policymakers have decided to implement and pay for CSR, one issue they face is simply how to calculate the reimbursements to districts

More information

Cooking Matters at the Store Evaluation: Executive Summary

Cooking Matters at the Store Evaluation: Executive Summary Cooking Matters at the Store Evaluation: Executive Summary Introduction Share Our Strength is a national nonprofit with the goal of ending childhood hunger in America by connecting children with the nutritious

More information

Global Television Manufacturing Industry : Trend, Profit, and Forecast Analysis Published September 2012

Global Television Manufacturing Industry : Trend, Profit, and Forecast Analysis Published September 2012 Industry 2012-2017: Published September 2012 Lucintel, a premier global management consulting and market research firm creates your equation for growth whether you need to understand market dynamics, identify

More information

Trends in Higher Education Series. Trends in College Pricing 2016

Trends in Higher Education Series. Trends in College Pricing 2016 Trends in Higher Education Series Trends in College Pricing 2016 See the Trends in Higher Education website at trends.collegeboard.org for figures and tables in this report and for more information and

More information

Steve Miller UNC Wilmington w/assistance from Outlines by Eileen Goldgeier and Jen Palencia Shipp April 20, 2010

Steve Miller UNC Wilmington w/assistance from Outlines by Eileen Goldgeier and Jen Palencia Shipp April 20, 2010 Steve Miller UNC Wilmington w/assistance from Outlines by Eileen Goldgeier and Jen Palencia Shipp April 20, 2010 Find this ppt, Info and Forms at: http://uncw.edu/generalcounsel/ltferpa.htm Family Educational

More information

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT By 2030, at least 60 percent of Texans ages 25 to 34 will have a postsecondary credential or degree. Target: Increase the percent of Texans ages 25 to 34 with a postsecondary credential.

More information

Class Size and Class Heterogeneity

Class Size and Class Heterogeneity DISCUSSION PAPER SERIES IZA DP No. 4443 Class Size and Class Heterogeneity Giacomo De Giorgi Michele Pellizzari William Gui Woolston September 2009 Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit Institute for

More information

The Racial Wealth Gap

The Racial Wealth Gap The Racial Wealth Gap Why Policy Matters by Laura Sullivan, Tatjana Meschede, Lars Dietrich, & Thomas Shapiro institute for assets & social policy, brandeis university Amy Traub, Catherine Ruetschlin &

More information

Admitting Students to Selective Education Programs: Merit, Profiling, and Affirmative Action

Admitting Students to Selective Education Programs: Merit, Profiling, and Affirmative Action Admitting Students to Selective Education Programs: Merit, Profiling, and Affirmative Action Dario Cestau IE Business School Dennis Epple Carnegie Mellon University and NBER Holger Sieg University of Pennsylvania

More information

Australia s tertiary education sector

Australia s tertiary education sector Australia s tertiary education sector TOM KARMEL NHI NGUYEN NATIONAL CENTRE FOR VOCATIONAL EDUCATION RESEARCH Paper presented to the Centre for the Economics of Education and Training 7 th National Conference

More information

Proudly Presents. The 36 th ANNUAL JURIED SPRING ART SHOW & SALE. April 7 15, 2018

Proudly Presents. The 36 th ANNUAL JURIED SPRING ART SHOW & SALE. April 7 15, 2018 Wilmington Art Association 36th Annual Juried Spring Art Show & Sale Prospectus Wilmington Art Association Proudly Presents The 36 th ANNUAL JURIED SPRING ART SHOW & SALE April 7 15, 2018 Hannah Block

More information

Overview of Access and Affordability at UC Davis

Overview of Access and Affordability at UC Davis Overview of Access and Affordability at UC Davis Three Papers by the UC Davis Study Group on Access and Affordability June 2014 UC Davis Study Group on Access and Affordability Professor Ann Huff Stevens

More information

Cooper Upper Elementary School

Cooper Upper Elementary School LIVONIA PUBLIC SCHOOLS www.livoniapublicschools.org/cooper 213-214 BOARD OF EDUCATION 213-14 Mark Johnson, President Colleen Burton, Vice President Dianne Laura, Secretary Tammy Bonifield, Trustee Dan

More information

Higher Education. Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education. November 3, 2017

Higher Education. Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education. November 3, 2017 November 3, 2017 Higher Education Pennsylvania s diverse higher education sector - consisting of many different kinds of public and private colleges and universities - helps students gain the knowledge

More information