UnFinnished Business: Education Policy Lessons from Finland

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1 UnFinnished Business: Education Policy Lessons from Finland Pasi Sahlberg, PhD Director General CIMO (Ministry of Education) Helsinki

2 FINLAND

3 Education system performance over time in Finland and developed nations Learning, Participation, Equity, and Efficiency

4 Policy Paradoxes

5 Paradox #1: Excellence through Equity

6 OECD 201 Percentage of variance of student reading performance due to socio- economic status Italy Israel Greece Spain UK Slovakia Denmark Austria Portugal Luxemburg Iceland Poland Norway Netherlands United States Germany Belgium Japan Australia Canada New Zealand Finland Korea High Equity Low Percentage of variance of student reading performance due to socio- economic status Reading literacy PISA score 2009 Low Quality High

7 Equity in education variation of student performance in science PISA 2006

8 Variation of performance within schools Equity in education variation of student performance in science Variation of performance between schools PISA 2006

9 Paradox #2: Less is More

10 Finnish teachers teach less Hours per year Net contact time in hours per year in public institutions Middle School Teachers United States Mexico New Zealand Scotland Australia Russian Germany Portugal Netherlands Ireland England Spain Belgium (Fl.) Slovenia Iceland Belgium (Fr.) Norway Denmark France Czech Republic Luxembourg Estonia Korea Hungary Austria Japan Italy Israel Finland Poland Greece OECD 2011

11 Finnish pupils study less in and out of school Total compulsory instruction hours between 7 and 14 year-olds Ages Ages Ages Finland Sweden Korea Norway Germany Greece Japan Austria Denmark OECD average Portugal Belgium Spain Ireland England France Mexico Italy Australia Netherlands OECD 2011

12 More money, less learning Learning Finland PISA science score in Japan Canada Korea Australia Netherlands 520 Germany United Kingdom Austria Switzerland Belgium Ireland Sweden 500 France Denmark Spain Norway 480 Portugal Italy Greece ,000 55,000 60,000 65,000 70,000 75,000 80,000 85,000 90,000 95, ,000 United States Cost Cumulative cost per student in USD (2006) OECD 2010

13 Paradox #3: Test Less, Learn More

14 Finnish Students are Tested Less National averages of 15-year-old students learning outcomes in mathematics USA UK Canada Australia Japan New Zealand Ireland Finland OECD

15 Standardized tests in three education systems T T T T T T T T T T T T Grades in school 1 st 3 rd 6 th 9 th 12 th

16 Standardization

17 Paradox #4: Teaching is A Dream Job

18 Applicants to primary school teacher education Male Female

19 Applicants to primary school teacher education Male Female Accepted

20 Teacher salaries relative to workers with college degree Admission: 1 st Phase 2 nd Phase 3 rd Phase - high school merits - exam - interview - other merits 0 OECD 2010

21 UnFinnished Business

22 Global Educational Reform Movement Finnish Way X Academic Holistic

23 Global Educational Reform Movement Finnish Way X Standardization Personalization Foreword by Andy Hargreaves

24 Global Educational Reform Movement Finnish Way X Competition Team work Foreword by Andy Hargreaves

25 Global Educational Reform Movement Finnish Way X Choice Equal opportunity Foreword by Andy Hargreaves

26 Global Educational Reform Movement Finnish Way X Accountability Trust Foreword by Andy Hargreaves

27 Meaning of Finnish Lessons 1 Teacher Policy: Professionalization 2 Accountability Policy: Trust-based responsibility 3 Testing Policy: Purposeful assessment

28 One thing I never want to see happen is schools that are just teaching to the test because then you re not learning about the world, you re not learning about different cultures, you re not learning about science, you re not learning about math. All you re learning about is how to fill out a little bubble on an exam and little tricks that you need to do in order to take a test and that s not going to make education interesting. 28 march 2011

29 "The story of Finland's extraordinary educational reforms is one that should inform policymakers and educators around the world. Linda Darling-Hammond, Stanford University A terrific synthesis by a native Finn, a teacher, a researcher and a policy analyst all rolled up into one excellent writer. David Berliner, Arizona State University Foreword by Andy Hargreaves "This book is a wake-up call for the U.S. It is the antidote to the NCLB paralysis." Henry M. Levin, Teachers College, Columbia University Kiitos!

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