Prentice Hall Science Explorer: Physical Science 2007 Correlated to: New York Core Curriculum, Intermediate Level Science (Grades 5-8)

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1 New York Core Curriculum, Intermediate Level Science (Grades 5-8) Standard 1 Analysis, Inquiry, and Design MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS: Students will use mathematical analysis, scientific inquiry, and engineering design, as appropriate, to pose questions, seek answers, and develop solutions. Key Idea 1: Abstraction and symbolic representation are used to communicate mathematically. M1.1 Extend mathematical notation and symbolism to include variables and algebraic expressions in order to describe and compare quantities and express mathematical relationships. M1.1a identify independent and dependent variables SE/TE: 49, 127, 165, 220, 229, 249, 293, 327, 332, 339, 379, 385, 421, 440, 441, 444, 461, 533, 538, 557, 608, 610, 628, 661, 691, 701, 705, 762; Applying Skills Review: 720 LABS: Chapter Projects: 221, 333, 441, 539, 611; Consumer Lab: , , , ; Design Your Own Lab: , 379, 557; Skills Activity: 49, , , , , , 628, , , ; At Home Activity: 385, 533, 705, 762 TECH: Interactive Textbook: 220, 332, 440, 538 TR: All in One: Chapter Project Teacher Notes: Unit 1: ; Unit 2: 96-97, ; Unit 3: , ; Chapter Project Student Overview: Unit 1: ; Unit 2: 98-99, ; Unit 3: , ; Chapter Project Student Worksheets: Unit 1: ; Unit 2: , ; Unit 3: , ; Chapter Project Scoring Rubric: Unit 1: 438; Unit 2: 102, 300; Unit 3: 110, 244 M1.1b identify relationships among variables including: direct, indirect, cyclic, constant; identify non-related material SE/TE: 83-89, 90-95, , , ; Address Misconceptions: 404F, 430, Discover Activity: 90, 422; Differentiated Instruction: 84, 86, 91, 407, 417, 423, 427; Figure: 423, 424, 425, 428; Math Analyzing Data: 417; Math Skills: 85; Math Practice: 89, 410, 411, 418, 419; Use Visual: 86, 93; Teacher Demo: 85, 88, 424,; Monitor Progress; 91, 93, 407, 409, 417, 423, 427 LAB: Build Inquiry: 93, 410, 416, 418, 427, 429, 431; At Home Activity: 93, Skills Lab: 94-95, , Try This Activity: 409, 425 SE = Student Edition TE= Teacher Edition LAB = Lab Manual 1

2 M1.1b identify relationships among variables including: direct, indirect, cyclic, constant; identify non-related material TECH: Active Art: 87, 431; Discovery School Video Field Trip: 87, 426; Reading Strategy Transparencies: PS22, PS26, PS132, PS134, PS137; Transparency: PS23, PS24, PS25, PS27, PS133, PS135, PS136, PS138, PS139, PS140, PS141; 91, 408, 418, Lab Activity Video: 68F, 404D, 404E TR: All-In-One: Section Summary: 184, 191, 240, 247, 258; Review and Reinforce: 188, 195, 244, 251, 264; Enrich: 189, 196, 245, 252, 265; Guided Reading: , , , , Skills Lab: , , M1.1c apply mathematical equations to describe relationships among variables in the natural world SE/TE: 44, 46-49, 66, 85, 89, 98-99, 106, , 235, , 316, 317, , , 324, 325, 335, 345, 351, 356, 359, , 368, 372, 378, 383, 402, 408, , 416, 418, 421, , 438, , 451, , , 475, 477, , , 515, , , 551, , 720; Differentiated Instruction: 313, 408; Section Assessment: 317, 325, 337, 392, 411, 419, 451, 477, 519, 551, 714; Figure: 45, 316, 324, 335; Math Practice: 47, 48, 89, 98, 235, 325, 352, 356, 359, 402, 410, 411, 418, 419, 519, 713, 714; Math Sample Problem: 47, 323, 351, 356, 410, 519, 713; Math Skills: 85, 351, 372, 378, 444, 475; Review and Assessment: 66, 330, 368, 438, 468, 498, 536, 720; Standardized Test Prep: 99, 331, 369, 499, 537 LAB: Discover Activity: 515; Try This: 106; Build Inquiry: 46; Skills Activity: 345, 517; Skills Lab: 49, , , , , , , ; Key Idea 2: Deductive and inductive reasoning are used to reach mathematical conclusions. M2.1 Use inductive reasoning to construct, evaluate, and validate conjectures and arguments, recognizing that patterns and relationships can assist in explaining and extending mathematical phenomena. M2.1a interpolate and extrapolate from data SE/TE: 13, 55, 80, 121, 169, 190, 234, 268, 346, 391, 417, 449, 476, 532, 543, 596, 624, 672, 716; Math Analyzing Data: 13, 55, 80, 121, 169, 190, 234, 268, 346, 391, 417, 449, 476, 532, 543, 596, 624, 672, 716 TECH: Transparency: PS21, PS38, PS59, PS73, PS88, PS89 2

3 M2.1b quantify patterns and trends SE/TE: 13, 55, 80, 121, 169, 190, 234, 268, 346, 391, 417, 449, 476, 532, 543, 596, 624, 672, 716; Math Analyzing Data: 13, 55, 80, 121, 169, 190, 234, 268, 346, 391, 417, 449, 476, 532, 543, 596, 624, 672, 716, ; Skills Handbook: TECH: Transparency: PS21, PS38, PS59, PS73, PS88, PS89 Key Idea 3: Critical thinking skills are used in the solution of mathematical problems. M3.1 Apply mathematical knowledge to solve realworld problems and problems that arise from the investigation of mathematical ideas, using representations such as pictures, charts, and tables. SE/TE: 12, 13, 14, 21, 30, 31, 49, 55, 92, 93, 95-96, 98, 99, 121, 157, 169, 190, , , 234, 257, 268, , 346, 360, 391, 417, 439, 464, 469, 476, 532, 543, 570, 571, 596, 722; Figure: 12, 14, 206; Math Analyzing Data: 13, 55, 92, 93, 121, 169, 190, 234, 346, 391, 417, 476, 532,543, 596; Review and Assessment: 30, 98, 570; Standardized Test Prep: 31, 99, 257, 268, 439, 469, 571 LAB: Chapter Project: 722; Design Your Own Lab: ; Skills Activity: 464; Skill Lab: 21, 4 9, 95-96, 157, , , , TR: All-in-One: Design Your Own Lab: ; Skills Lab: Unit 1: 65-66, , , ; Unit 2: 59-61, , M3.1a use appropriate scientific tools to solve problems about the natural world SE/TE: 4, 33, 62-63, 94-95, , 182, , 220, 221, , , , 326, 327, , 370, , 404, , , 470, 478, , 561, , , 702, 715, 724, 729, 734, 775 LAB: Chapter Project: 4, 33, 182, 220, 221, 370, 404, 470; Consumer Lab: ; Design Your Own Lab: ; Discover Activity: 702, 715, 724, 729, 734; Technology Lab: 478, 561, , 755; Skill Lab: 62-63, 94-95, , , , 326, 327, , , , , , , TECH: All-in-One: Unit 1:Skills Lab: , , , ; Unit 2: 59-61,69-72, , , , , , SCIENTIFIC INQUIRY: Key Idea 1: The central purpose of scientific inquiry is to develop explanations of natural phenomena in a continuing, creative process. S1.1 Formulate questions independently with the aid of references appropriate for guiding the search for explanations of everyday observations. 3

4 S1.1a formulate questions about natural phenomena SE/TE: 10, 68, 124, 146, 191, 296, 572, 588, 608, 629; Figure: 124; Section Assessment: 191; Review and Assessment: 146, 296 LAB: Chapter Project: 68, 572, 608; Discover Activity: 10, 588, 629 S1.1b S1.1c identify appropriate references to investigate a question refine and clarify questions so that they are subject to scientific investigation SE/TE: 6-9, 10-16; Address Misconceptions: 4G, 7; Differentiated Instruction: 7, 13; Math Analyzing Data: 13; Performance Assessment: 9, 16; Monitor Progress: 7, 9, 11, 13, 15; Use Visuals: 12, 14 LABS: Discover Activity: 6, 10; Skills Activity: 11; At Home Activity: 9, 16 TECH: Student Edition Audio CD: 7, 11; Transparencies: PS2, PS3; Active Art: 14; 7 TR: Guided Reading and Study Worksheet: 47-48, 53-56; Section Summary: 46, 52; Review and Reinforce: 49, 57; Enrich: 50, 58 SE/TE: 10-16; Differentiated Instruction: 13; Figure: 12,14, 15; Math Analyzing Data: 12; Monitor Progress: 11, 13, 15; Use Visuals: 12, 14 LAB: Discover Activity: 10; At Home Activity: 16, Skills Activity: 11 TECH: Reading Strategy Transparency: PS11 Guided Reading: 11; Transparency PS2 PS3; Art: 14 TR: All-in-One: Section Review: 52; Review and Reinforce: 57; Enrich: 58 S1.2 Construct explanations independently for natural phenomena, especially by proposing preliminary visual models of phenomena. S1.2a independently formulate a hypothesis SE/TE: 54, 76, 117, 172, 212, 264, , 353, 372, 394, 402, 406, 414, 433, , 463, 491, 498, 516, 520, 521, 545, 613, , 715, 736; Figure: 54, 463, 516; Review and Assessment: 402, 498; Section Assessment: 117, 433, 545 LAB: Consumer Lab: ; Discover Activity: 76, 172, 212, 264, 353, 372, 394, 406, 414, 491, 521, 613, 715, 736; Skills Lab: , 520, TR: All-in-One: Skills Lab: Unit 2: ; Unit 3: 59-60; Unit 4: S1.2b propose a model of a natural phenomenon SE/TE: 33, 39, 49, 69, 72, 74, 82, 84, 94, 105, 107, 108, 124, 139, , 157, 183, 194, 196, 200, 205, 210, 221, 262, 266, 268, 273, 286, 307, 336, 337, 358, 371, 390, 397, 405, 424, 471, 478, 484, 509, 520, 527, , 538, 557, 573, 594, , 609, 620, 653, 664, 696, 697, 726; 4

5 S1.2b propose a model of a natural phenomenon SE/TE: Build Inquiry: 39, 72, 84, 107, 124, 139, 262, 266, 268, 336, 664, 697, 726;Teacher Demo: 72, 74, 358, 390, 424, 620 Figure; , 205 LAB: Chapter Project: 33, 69, , 183, 221, 307, 371, 405, 471, 509, 538, 573, 609, 653; Design Your Own Lab: 49, 557; Discover Activity: 194, 594; Skills Lab: 82, 94, 157, 210, 273, 484, 520, , ; Technology Lab: 478; Try This Activity: 196, 286, 696; At Home Activity: 108, 337, 397, 527 S1.2c differentiate among observations, inferences, predictions, and explanations SE/TE: 6-9; Address Misconceptions: 4G, 7; Differentiated Instruction: 7; Performance Assessment: 9; Monitor Progress: 7, 9; LABS: Discover Activity: 6; At Home Activity: 9 TR: Guided Reading and Study Worksheet: 47-48; Section Summary: 46; Review and Reinforce: 49; Enrich: 50 TECH: Student Edition Audio CD: 7; Transparencies: PS2, PS3; 7 S1.3 Represent, present, and defend their proposed explanations of everyday observations so that they can be understood and assessed by others. S1.4 Seek to clarify, to assess critically, and to reconcile with their own thinking the ideas presented by others, including peers, teachers, authors, and scientists. SE/TE: , , , ; Technology and Society: , , , ; Background: 202, 282, 398, 587; TECH: 203, , 587 SE/TE: 56-57, , ; Science and Society: 56-57, , ; Background: 57, 563, 773 TECH: 57, 563, 773 Key Idea 2: Beyond the use of reasoning and consensus, scientific inquiry involves the testing of pro posed explanations involving the use of conventional techniques and procedures and usually requiring considerable ingenuity. S2.1 Use conventional techniques and those of their own design to make further observations and refine their explanations, guided by a need for more information. S2.1a demonstrate appropriate safety techniques SE/TE: 17-21; Discover Activity: 17; Differentiated Instruction: 18; Use Visuals: 19; Monitor Progress: 19; Writing in Science: 20; Appendix A: LAB: Skills Lab: 21; Lab Activity Video: 4E TECH: Interactive Textbook: 798; Transparencies: PS4, PS5, PS6; Student Audio CD: 18 5

6 S2.1a demonstrate appropriate safety techniques TR: All in One: Laboratory Safety Rules: v-vi; Laboratory Safety Symbols: vii Laboratory Safety Contract: viii Guided Reading: 61-62; Skills Lab: 65-66; Section Summary: 60; Review and Reinforce: 63; Enrich: 64 S2.1b S2.1c conduct an experiment designed by others design and conduct an experiment to test a hypothesis SE/TE: 21, 49, 62, 82, 94, 126, 136, 157, 164, 192, 210, 228, 248, 273, 292, 318, 326, 338, 360, 379, 386, 420, 434,452, 460, 478, 484, 520, 528, 557, 561, 592, 601, 616, 628, 660, 668, 690, 700, 734, 755, 770 LABS: Skills Lab: 21, 49, 62, 82, 94, 136, 157, 164, 192, 210, 273, 318, 326, 360, 386, 420, 434,452, 460, 484, 520, 528, 601, 616, 628, 660, 690, 700, 734, 770; Consumer Lab: 126, 248, 292, 338, 592; Technology Lab: 478, 561, 755; Lab Manual: 1, 6, 8, 11, 17, 20, 29, 44, 48, 51, 55, 58, 70, 77, 84, 88, 92, 95,99, 102, 109, 113, 116, 120, 123, 127, 131, 133, 136, 140, 142, 145, 149, 152, 154, 158, 160, 163, 167, 169, 172, 176, 180, 184, 188, 192, 195, 2020, 206, 210, 213, 217 SE/TE: 16, 21, 36, 41, 42, 62-63, 76, 82, 94, , 136, 157, 164, 172, 192, 210, 212, 226, , 249, 264, 273, 318, 326, 360, 379, 386, 414, 420, 434, 452, 484, 520, 528, 557, 566, 601, 616, 628, 660, 690, 700, 734, 770 LAB: Chapter Project; ; At Home Activity: 16; Build Inquiry: 36, 41, 42; Consumer Lab: ; Design Your Own Lab: ; Discover Activity: 76, 172, 212, 264, 353, 372, 394, 406, 414, 491, 521, 613, 715, 736; Skills Lab: 21, 62-63, 82, 94, 136, 157, 164, 192, 210, 226, 273, 318, 326, 360, 386, 420, 434, 452, , 484, 520, 528, 557, 566, 601, 616, 628, , 690, 700, , 770; Try This Activity: 414 TECH: Lab Activity Video: Unit 1: 4B, 68B, 100B, 148B, 220B, 182B, 258B; Unit 2: 306B, 332B, 370B, 404B, 440B, 470B; Unit 3: 598B, 572B, 608B; Unit 4: 652B, 680B, 722B, 748B TR: All-in-One: Unit 1: 65-66, , , , , , , , ; Unit 2: 59-61, 69-72, , , , , , ; Unit 3: 59-60, 69-71, , , ; Unit 4: 38-41, , , ,

7 S2.1d use appropriate tools and conventional techniques to solve problems about the natural world, including: measuring SE/TE: 49, 196, 249, 293, 308, 311, 319, 330, 344, 429, 461, 478, 673, 707; Figure: 707; Review and Assessment: 330; LAB: Build Inquiry: 429; Consumer Lab: , ; Discover Activity: 308; Skills Activity: 673; Skills Lab: 49, , ; Teacher Demo: 344; Technology Lab: 478; Try This Activity: 196, At Home Activity: 311 observing SE/TE: 36, 52, 63, 78, 85, 88, 100, 105, 113, 127, 132, 152, 154, 162, 170, 184, 193, 208, 211, 222, 233, 260, 270, 273, 274, 277, 284, 314, 334, 339, 347, 349, 351, 364, 374, 376, 388, 442, 448, 458, 464, 472, 479, 481, 485, 488, 489, 492, 508, 510, 511, 523, 525, 529, 540, 550, 555, 557, 558, 576, 581, 589, 593, 603, 610, 612, 613, 616, 617, 618, 621, 623, 625, 628, 630, 631, 636, 637, 638, 654, 656, 661, 670, 673, 684, 691, 701, 702, 713, 722, 732, 735, 739, 748, 755, 758, 766, 771 LAB: Build Inquiry: 36, 113, 208, 277, 376, 481, 525, 581, 631; Discover Activity: 184, 222, 260, 274, 284, 334, 349, 388, 442, 458, 472, 479, 489, 510, 532, 526, 540, 550, 558, 589, 610, 617, 618, 623, 630, 654, 670, 702, 713; Skills Activity: 523, 656; Skills Lab: 63, 100, 127, 193, 211, 273, 339, 485, 529, 557, 593, 603, 616, 628, 652, 661, 691, 701, 722, 735, 748, 755, 771; Teacher Demo: 52, 78, 85, 88, 105, 154, 170, 233, 270, 314, 351, 364, 374, 448, 464, 492, 511, 613, 636, 638, 673, 684, 739, 766; Try This: 132, 162, 458 TECH: Lab Activity Video: Unit 1: 66B, 182B, 258B; Unit 2: 470B, 508B, 572B, 608B: Unit 4:652B, 680B, 722B, 748B TR: All-in-One: Skills Lab: Unit 1: , , Unit 2: , 69-71, , , ; Unit 4: 38-41, , , describing SE/TE: 75, 81, 125, 177, 241, 263, 272, 317, 329, 348, 483, 490, 495, 514, 556 Section Assessment: 74, 81, 125, 177, 241, 263, 272, 317, 348, 483, 490, 514, 556; Review and Assessment: 329 7

8 classifying SE/TE: 11, 35, 43, 51, 61, 66, 93, 114, 119, 125, 127, 128, 137, 146, 180, 186, 200, 218, 236, 247, 258, 269, 270, 272, 281, 291, 296, 319, 321, 348, 368, 379, 433, 438, 451, 455, 465, 483, 487, 492, 508, 520, 532, 533, 536, 554, 560, 570, 575, 585, 606, 622, 633, 634, 641, 644, 659, 691, 695, 720, 733, 735, 746, 754, 756, 776; Differentiated Instruction: 35, 119; Figure: 51, 270, 321, 487, 532, 554, 575, 695; Key Concepts: 200; Review and Assessment: 66, 146, 180, 218, 296, 438, 536, 570, 606, 644, 720, 746, 776; Section Assessment: 43, 61, 93, 125, 272, 281, 291, 448, 368, 433, 451, 483, 533, 585, 622, 641, 659, 733, 754 LAB: Chapter Project; 258, 508; Consumer Lab; ; Design Your Own Lab: 379; Discover Activity: 128, 236, 633, 756; Skills Activity: 11, 114, 186, 269, 455, Skills Lab; , , 520, , ; Try This Activity: 492, 634, At Home Activity: 247, 465, 560 sequencing SE/TE: 20, 61, 227, 253, 392, 545; Section Assessment: 20, 61, 227, 253, 392, 545 S2.2 Develop, present, and defend formal research proposals for testing their own explanations of common phenomena, including ways of obtaining needed observations and ways of conducting simple controlled experiments. S2.2a include appropriate safety procedures SE/TE: 17-20; Discover Activity: 17; Differentiated Instruction: 18; Use Visuals: 19; Monitor Progress: 19; Writing in Science: 20; Appendix A: TECH: Interactive Textbook: 798; Lab Activity Video: 4E; Student Audio CD: 18; Transparencies: PS4, PS5, PS6 TR: All in One: Laboratory Safety Rules: v-vi; Laboratory Safety Symbols: vii; Laboratory Safety Contract: viii, ix-xiii; Guided Reading: 61-62; Skills Lab: 65-66; Section Summary: 60; Review and Reinforce: 63; Enrich: 64 S2.2b design scientific investigations (e.g., observing, describing, and comparing; collecting samples; seeking more information, conducting a controlled experiment; discovering new objects or phenomena; making models) SE/TE: 10-16; Differentiated Instruction: 13; Figure: 12,14, 15; Math Analyzing Data: 12; Monitor Progress: 11, 13, 15; Use Visuals: 12, 14 LAB: Discover Activity: 10; At Home Activity: 16, Skills Activity: 11 TECH: Reading Strategy Transparency: PS11, Guided Reading: 11; Transparency PS2 PS3; Active Art: 14 8

9 S2.2b design scientific investigations (e.g., observing, describing, and comparing; collecting samples; seeking more information, conducting a controlled experiment; discovering new objects or phenomena; making models) TR: All-in-One: Section Review: 52; Review and Reinforce: 57; Enrich: 58 S2.2c design a simple controlled experiment SE/TE: 10-16, 36, 41, 42, , , 379, 557, 566; Differentiated Instruction: 13; Figure: 12,14, 15; Math Analyzing Data: 12; Monitor Progress: 11, 13, 15; Use Visuals: 12, 14 LAB: Build Inquiry: 36, 41, 42, 566;Consumer lab: ; Design Your Own Lab: , 379, 557; Discover Activity: 10; At Home Activity: 16, Skills Activity: 11 TECH: Reading Strategy Transparency: PS11 Guided Reading: 11; Transparency PS2 PS3; Active Art: 14 TR: All-in-One: Section Review: 52; Review and Reinforce: 57; Enrich: 58 S2.2d S2.2e identify independent variables (manipulated), dependent variables (responding), and constants in a simple controlled experiment choose appropriate sample size and number of trials SE/TE: 10-16; Differentiated Instruction: 13; Figure: 12,14, 15; Math Analyzing Data: 12; Monitor Progress: 11, 13, 15; Use Visuals: 12, 14 LAB: Discover Activity: 10; At Home Activity: 16, Skills Activity: 11 TECH: Reading Strategy Transparency: PS11, Guided Reading: 11; Transparency PS2 PS3; Active Art: 14 TR: All-in-One: Section Review: 52; Review and Reinforce: 57; Enrich: 58 SE/TE: 10-16; Differentiated Instruction: 13; Figure: 12,14, 15; Math Analyzing Data: 12; Monitor Progress: 11, 13, 15; Use Visuals: 12, 14 LAB: Discover Activity: 10; At Home Activity: 16, Skills Activity: 11 TECH: Reading Strategy Transparency: PS11 Guided Reading: 11; Transparency PS2 PS3; Art: 14 TR: All-in-One: Section Review: 52; Review and Reinforce: 57; Enrich: 58 S2.3 Carry out their research proposals, recording observations and measurements (e.g., lab notes, audiotape, computer disk, videotape) to help assess the explanation. 9

10 S2.3a use appropriate safety procedures SE/TE: 17-20; Differentiated Instruction: 18;Figure: 18; Key Concepts: 20; Use Visual: 19; Monitor Progress; 19 LAB: Discover Activity: 17 TECH: Reading Strategy Transparency: PS4; Guided Reading: 61-62; Transparencies: PS5, PS6; Skills Lab: TR: All-in-One: Section Summary: 60; Review and Reinforce: 63; Enrich: 64; Skills Lab: S2.3b conduct a scientific investigation SE/TE: 10-16; Differentiated Instruction: 13; Key Concepts: 11, 12, 15; Math Analyzing Data: 13; Monitor Progress: 11, 13, 15; Performance Assessment: 16; Use Visuals: 12, 14 TECH: Transparencies: PS2, PS3; Art; 14 LAB: Discover Activity: 10; Skills Activity: 11 TR: All-in-One: Guided Reading: 53-56; Section Summary: 52; Review and Reinforce: 57; Enrich: 58 S2.3c collect quantitative and qualitative data SE/TE: 13, 21, 49, 62, 82, 94, 126, 136, 157, 164, 192, 210, 228, 248, 273, 292, 318, 326, 338, 360, 379, 386, 420, 434, 452, 460, 478, 484, 520, 528, 557, 561, 592, 601, 616, 628, 660, 668, 690, 700, 734, 755, 770 LAB: Consumer Lab: 126, 248, 592; Design Your Own Lab: 49, 228, 379, 557, 668; Skills Lab: 21, 62, 82, 136, 157, 164, 192, 210, 273, 318, 326, 360, 386, 420, 434, 452, 460, 484, 520, 528, 601, 616, 628, 660, 690, 700, 734, 770; Technology Lab: 478, 561, 75; Lab Manual: 1, 6, 8, 11, 17, 20, 29, 44, 48, 51, 55, 58, 70, 77, 84, 88, 92, 95,99, 102, 109, 113, 116, 120, 123, 127, 131, 133, 136, 140, 142, 145, 149, 152, 154, 158, 160, 163, 167, 169, 172, 176, 180, 184, 188, 192, 195, 2020, 206, 210, 213, 217 TECH: Lab Activity Video: Unit 1: 4B, 68B, 100B, 148B, 220B, 182B, 258B; Unit 2: 306B, 332B, 370B, 404B, 440B, 470B; Unit 3: 598B, 572B, 608B; Unit 4: 652B, 680B, 722B, 748B TR: All-in-One: Unit 1: 65-66, , , , , , , , ; Unit 2: 59-61, 69-72, , , , , , ; Unit 3: 59-60, 69-71, , , ; Unit 4: 38-41, , , ,

11 Key Idea 3: The observations made while testing proposed explanations, when analyzed using conventional and invented methods, provide new insights into phenomena. S3.1 Design charts, tables, graphs, and other representations of observations in conventional and creative ways to help them address their research question or hypothesis. S3.1a organize results, using appropriate graphs, diagrams, data tables, and other models to show relationships SE/TE: 12, 13, 14, 19, 26, 29, 30, 31, 36, 39, 46, 49, 52, 53, 55, 78, 79, 80, 81, 86, 87, 90-95; 103, 104, 108, 112, 114, 115, 116, 121, 130, 132, 140, 146, 153,158, 159, 160, 167, 168, 170, 187, 190, , 197, 199, 206, 223, 232, 234, 245, 262, 268, 275, 316, 330, 337, 341, 355, 358, 364, 391, 395, 415, 417, 431, 438, 445, 449, 456, 464, 468, 474, 476, 477, 481, 490, 493, 498, 512, 513, 523, 525, 527, 531, 532, 536, 543, 544, 547, 549, 553, 559, 596, 599, 560, 567, 579, 581, 595, 600, 613, 615, 618, 621, 624, 626, 627, 634, 635, 658, 659, 666, 672, 675, 678, 683, 685, 687, 689, 693, 694, 697, 703, 709, 712, 714, 716, 717, 720, 737, 742, 743, 758, 759, 760, 761, 764, 776; Differentiated Instruction: 493; Figure: 78, 79, 86, 87, 104, 130, 132, 140, 153, 159, 167, 168, 170, 187, 232, 316, 317, 358, 364, 395, 431, 445, 456, 474, 477, 481, 512, 513, 523, 544, 553, 579, 581, 595, 613, 618, 621, 626, 635, 683, 685, 693, 703, 709, 712, 717, 737, 758, 760, 761, 764, Key Concepts: 46, 52, 86, 87, 91, 92, 93, 103, 223, 262, 275, 395, 559, 666, 697; Math Analyzing Data: 13, 55, 80, 121, 190, 234, 268, 391, 417, 476, 532, 543, 624, 672, 716; Thinking Critically: 29, 30, 146, 330, 438, 468, 498, 536, 678, 720; Interpreting Diagrams: 490, 527, 560, 567, 600, 615, 627, 659, 675, 689, 714, 743, 776; Standardized Test Prep: 31; Use Visuals: 12, 14, 19, 26, 53, 104, 108, 112, 114, 115, 116, 130, 153, 158, 199, 206, 245, 415, 493, 459, 634, 658, 666, 687, 694, 742 LAB: Build Inquiry: 39, 92, 268, 355; Discover Activity: 158; Skills Activity: 36, 464; Skills Lab: 49, 82, 94-95, , 318; At Home Activity: 93; Discover Activity: 90; Differentiated Instruction: 91; Figure: 90; Skills Handbook: TECH: Transparency: PS27; Reading Strategy Transparency: PS26; Active Art: 152, 316, 358, 456, 525, 621, 760; 91, 395, 513 TR: All-in-One: Guided Reading: ; Skills Lab: ; Section Summary: 191; Review and Reinforce: 195; Enrich:

12 S3.1b generate and use scales, create legends, and appropriately label axes SE/TE: : Discover Activity: 90; Differentiated Instruction: 91; Figure: 90; Key Concepts: 91, 92, 93; Skills Handbook: LAB: Build Inquiry: 92; Skills Lab: 94-95; At Home Activity: 93; TECH: Reading Strategy Transparency: PS26; Guided Reading: ; Transparency: PS27; 91 TR: All-in-One: Skills Lab: ; Section Summary: 191; Review and Reinforce: 195; Enrich: 196 S3.2 Interpret the organized data to answer the research question or hypothesis and to gain insight into the problem. S3.2a S3.2b S3.2c accurately describe the procedures used and the data gathered identify sources of error and the limitations of data collected evaluate the original hypothesis in light of the data SE/TE: 6-9, 10-16, 90-93; Address Misconceptions: 4G,; Differentiated Instruction: 7, 13, 91; Figure: 91, 92; Key Concepts: 8, 11, 12, 15, 16, 91, 92; Math Analyzing Data: 13; Monitor Progress: 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 91, 93; Performance Assessment: 9, 16, 93; Use Visuals: 12, 14 LAB: Build Inquiry: 92; Discover Activity: 6, 10, 90; ; Skills Activity: 11; Skills Lab: 94-95; At Home Activity: 9, 93 TECH: Lab Activity Video: 68B; Student Edition Audio CD: 11, 91; Transparency: PS1, PS2, PS3, PS26, PS27; 7; Active Art: 14; 91 TR: Guided Practice: 47-48, 53-56, ; Section Summary: 46, 52, 191; Review and Reinforce: 49, 57, 195; Enrich: 50, 58, 196; Lab Manual: 17; Skills Lab: ; SE/TE: 6-9; Address Misconceptions: 7; Differentiated Instruction: 7; Key Concepts: 8; Monitor Progress: 7, 9; Performance Assessment: 9 LAB: Discover Activity: 6; At Home Activity: 9 TECH: 7 SE/TE: 76, 172, 212, 264, , 353, 372, 394, 406, 414, , 491, 520, 521, 613, 661, 715, 736 LAB: Consumer Lab: ; Discover Activity: 76, 172, 212, 264, 353, 372, 406, 491, 715, 736; Skills Activity: 613; Skills Lab: , 520, ; Try This Activity: 394,

13 S3.2d formulate and defend explanations and conclusions as they relate to scientific phenomena SE/TE: 43, 44, 49, 50, 58, 60, 74, 75, 80, 90, 94-95, , , 138, , 180, 189, , , , 230, , 256, 268, 272, 273, 281, , , , , 346, 384, , 402, 407, 417, , 433, , 451, 453, 454, 459, 461, 465, 468, 476, 480, 490, 542, 552, 557, 567, 580, , , 615, 632, 640, , 662, , 674, 678, 683, , , 730, , 755; Discover Activity: 44, 50, 58, 90, 138, 230, 552, 662; Figure: 60, 407, 542, 640; Math Analyzing Data: 80, 268, 346, 417, 476; Applying Skills: 180, 256, 402, 468; Section Assessment: 43, 75, 272, 281, 433, 451, 459, 465, 490, 567, 615, 632; Thinking Critically: 678 LAB: Consumer Lab: , , , , ; Design Your Own Lab: , 557; Skills Activity: 683; Skills Lab: 49, 94-95, , , , , 273, , , , , , , , , , , , ; Technology Lab: , 755;Try This Activity: 74, 189, 384, 480, 580, 674, 730 S3.2e S3.2f form and defend a logical argument about cause-and-effect relationships in an investigation make predictions based on experimental data SE/TE: 61, 75, 81, 89, 93, 98, 106, 108, 141, 153, 156, 160, 163, 171, 177, 180, 208, 218, 227, 235, 252, 256, 262, 272, 296, 365, 368, 374, 392, 394, 397, 408, 423, 425, 438, 459, 477, 490, 498, 527, 551, 556, 560, 577, 600, 606, 627, 631, 641, 644, 659, 666, 667, 674, 675, 678, 685, 688, 699, 705, 714, 728, 730, 733, 742, 743, 746, 754, 762, 776; Figure: 106, 153, 160, 208, 252, 374, 394, 408, 423, 425, 631, 666, 674, 685, 688, 742; Key Concepts: 262, 423, 425, 666, 674, 685; Section Assessment: 61, 75, 81, 89, 93, 108, 156, 163, 171,177, 227, 235, 272, 365, 392, 397, 459, 477, 490, 527, 551, 556, 560, 577, 641, 659, 667, 675, 699, 705, 714, 728, 730, 733, 742, 754, 762; Thinking Critically: 98, 180, 218, 256, 296, 368, 438, 498, 606, 627, 644, 678, 746, 776; Use Visuals: 252, 666, 742; Writing in Science: 600 SE/TE: 82, 94-95, 157, , , , 273, 293, 616, 628, , , LAB: Consumer Lab: ; Design Your Own Lab: ; Skills Lab: 82, 94-95, 157, , , 273, 616, 628, , , ; Lab Manual: 1, 6, 8, 11, 17, 20, 29, 44, 48, 51, 55, 58, 70, 77, 84, 88, 92, 95,99, 102, 109, 113, 116, 120, 123, 127, 131, 133, 136, 140, 142, 145, 149, 13

14 S3.2f make predictions based on experimental data LAB: 152, 154, 158, 160, 163, 167, 169, 172, 176, 180, 184, 188, 192, 195, 2020, 206, 210, 213, 217 TECH: Lab Activity Video: Unit 1: 100B, 148B, 252B, 220B, 282B, 252B TR: All-in-One: Unit 1: Consumer Lab: ; Design Your Own Lab: ; Skills Lab: , , , , , ; Unit 3: , ; Unit 4: 38-41, , S3.2g suggest improvements and recommendations for further studying SE/TE: 49, 82, 126, , 157, , , 273, , , , , 520, , 557, 628, , , 755, LAB: Consumer Lab: 126; Design Your Own Lab: , 379, 557, Skills Lab: 49, 82, , 157, , 273, , , , , 520, , 628, , ; Technology Lab: , 755 Lab: 59-60, 69-71, , TECH: Lab Activity Video: 332B, 370B, 440B, 470B, 538B TR: All-in-One: Unit 1: Consumer Lab: ; Design Your Own Lab: ; Skills Lab: , , , , , ; Unit 2: Design Your Own Lab: ; Skills Lab: 69-72, , , ; Unit 3: Design Your Own Lab: S3.2h use and interpret graphs and data tables SE/TE: 12, 13, 14, 19, 26, 29, 30, 31, 36, 39, 46, 49, 52, 53, 55, 78, 79, 80, 81, 86, 87, 90-95; 103, 104, 108, 112, 114, 115, 116, 121, 130, 132, 140, 146, 153,158, 159, 160, 167, 168, 170, 187, 190, , 197, 199, 206, 223, 232, 234, 245, 262, 268, 275, 316, 330, 337, 341, 355, 358, 364, 391, 395, 415, 417, 431, 438, 445, 449, 456, 464, 468, 474, 476, 477, 481, 490, 493, 498, 512, 513, 523, 525, 527, 531, 532, 536, 543, 544, 547, 549, 553, 559, 596, 599, 560, 567, 579, 581, 595, 600, 613, 615, 618, 621, 624, 626, 627, 634, 635, 658, 659, 666, 672, 675, 678, 683, 685, 687, 689, 693, 694, 697, 703, 709, 712, 714, 716, 717, 720, 737, 742, 743, 758, 759, 760, 761, 764, 776; Differentiated Instruction: 493; Figure: 78, 79, 86, 87, 104, 130, 132, 140, 153, 159, 167, 168, 170, 187, 232, 316, 317, 358, 364, 395, 431, 445, 456, 474, 477, 481, 512, 513, 523, 544, 553, 579, 581, 595, 613, 618, 621, 626, 635, 683, 685, 693, 703, 709, 712, 717, 737, 758, 760, 761, 764, Key Concepts: 46, 52, 86, 87, 91, 92, 93, 103, 223, 262, 275, 395, 559, 666,

15 S3.2h use and interpret graphs and data tables S3.3 Modify their personal understanding of phenomena based on evaluation of their hypothesis. SE/TE: Math Analyzing Data: 13, 55, 80, 121, 190, 234, 268, 391, 417, 476, 532, 543, 624, 672, 716; Thinking Critically: 29, 30, 146, 330, 438, 468, 498, 536, 678, 720; Interpreting Diagrams: 490, 527, 560, 567, 600, 615, 627, 659, 675, 689, 714, 743, 776; Standardized Test Prep: 31; Use Visuals: 12, 14, 19, 26, 53, 104, 108, 112, 114, 115, 116, 130, 153, 158, 199, 206, 245, 415, 493, 459, 634, 658, 666, 687, 694, 742 LAB: Build Inquiry: 39, 92, 268, 355; Discover Activity: 158; Skills Activity: 36, 464; Skills Lab: 49, 82, 94-95, , 318; At Home Activity: 93; Discover Activity: 90; Differentiated Instruction: 91; Figure: 90; Skills Handbook: TECH: Reading Strategy Transparency: PS26; Guided Reading: ; Transparency: PS27; Art: 152, 316, 358, 456, 525, 621, 760; 91, 395, 513 TR: All-in-One:Skills Lab: ; Section Summary: 191; Review and Reinforce: 195; Enrich: 196; Skills Lab: Unit 1: , , , ; Unit 2: SE/TE: 76, 172, 212, 264, , 353, 372, 394, 406, 414, , 491, 520, 521, 613, 661, 715, 736 LAB: Consumer Lab: ; Discover Activity: 76, 172, 212, 264, 353, 372, 406, 491, 715, 736; Skills Activity: 613; Skills Lab: , 520, ; Try This Activity: 394, 414 TR: All-in-One: Unit 2: , ; Unit 3: 59-60, ; Unit 4: ENGINEERING DESIGN: Key Idea 1: Engineering design is an iterative process involving modeling and optimization (finding the best solution within given constraints); this process is used to develop technological solutions to problems within given constraints. T1.1 Identify needs and opportunities for technical solutions from an investigation of situations of general or social interest. SE/TE: 5, 56-57, , , , , , , , , ; Science and History: , ; Technology Chapter Project: 5; Science and Society: , ; Technology and Society: , ; Technology and Design in History: , , ; Background: 57, 155, 202, 203, 278, 314, 398, 562, 587, 598, 599; Differentiated Instruction:

16 T1.1 Identify needs and opportunities for technical solutions from an investigation of situations of general or social interest. TECH: 57, 203, 399, 563, 587; TR: All-in-One: Chapter Project Teacher Notes: 38-39, 98-99; Chapter Project Student Overview: 40-41, ; Chapter Project Student Worksheet: 1-2, 42-43, ; Chapter Project Scoring Rubric: 44, 104 T1.1a identify a scientific or human need that is subject to a technological solution which applies scientific principles SE/TE: 5, 33, 183, , , , , 441, 478, 561, , 586, 668, 755, , ; Science and Society: , ; Technology and Society: , , ,; Technology and Design in History: , , ; Background: 278, 282, 314, 562, 587, 773; Differentiated Instruction: 315 LAB: Technology Chapter Project: 5, 33, 183, 441; Technology Lab: 478, 561, , 755, TECH: 283, 399, 563, 587, 669 TR: All-in-One: Chapter Project Teacher Notes: 38-39, , ; Chapter Project Student Overview: 40-41, ; Chapter Project Student Worksheet: 1-2, 42-43, , ; Chapter Project Scoring Rubric: 44, 300, 370; Technology Lab: 131, 152, 180, 210 T1.2 Locate and utilize a range of printed, electronic, and human information resources to obtain ideas. SE/TE: 3, 14, 23, 26, 38, 42, 45, 53, 57, 60, 87, 91, 112, 116, 124, 133, 152, 154, 163, 168, 175, 187, 198, 203, 211, 214, 223, 235, 239, 253, 262, 270, 283, 291, 316, 319, 322, 336, 342, 355, 358, 376, 390, 395, 408, 418, 431, 445, 448, 456, 457, 462, 474, 480, 487, 493, 513, 525, 541, 547, 554, 565, 575, 563, 584, 587, 596, 598, 612, 620, 626, 637, 657, 665, 685, 669, 671, 710, 713, 716, 724, 732, 743, 751, 760, 761, 765, 773, TECH: Active Art: 14, 23, 53, 87, 112, 152, 198, 262, 316, 358, 390, 431, 456, 493, 525, 554, 584, 620, 626, 657, 710, 732, 760; 38, 60, 91, 124, 133, 163, 168, 175, 187, 214, 235, 239, 253, 239, 253, 270, 291, 322, 336, 342, 376, 395, 408, 418, 445, 448, 462, 474, 480, 487, 513, 541, 575, 598, 612, 637, 665, 685, 713, 716, 724, 732, 751, 765; 3, 45, 57, 203, 211, 283, 319,547, 563, 587, 669, 695, 773; Discovery School Video Field Trip: 26, 42, 87, 116, 154, 223, 355, 457, 565, 596, 671, 743,

17 T1.2a use all available information systems for a preliminary search that addresses the need SE/TE: 3, 14, 23, 38, 45, 53, 60, 87, 91, 112, 152, 198, 203, 211, 214, 235, 239, 253, 262, 270, 283, 291, 316, 319, 322, 336, 342, 358, 376, 390, 395, 408, 418, 431, 445, 448, 456, 462, 474, 480, 487, 493, 513, 525, 541, 547, 554, 563, 575, 584, 587, 598, 612, 620, 626, 637, 657, 665, 669, 685, 695, 713, 710, 716, 724, 732, 733, 751, 760, 765; TECH: Active Art: 14, 23, 53, 87, 112, 152, 198, 262, 316, 358, 390, 431, 456, 493, 525, 554, 584, 620, 626, 657, 710, 732, 760; 3, 45, 57, 203, 211, 283, 319,547, 563, 587, 669, 695, 773; 38, 60, 91, 124, 133, 163, 168, 175, 187, 214, 235, 239, 253, 239, 253, 270, 291, 322, 336, 342, 376, 395, 408, 418, 445, 448, 462, 474, 480, 487, 513, 541, 575, 598, 612, 637, 665, 685, 713, 716, 724, 732, 751, 765 T1.3 Consider constraints and generate several ideas for alternative solutions, using group and individual ideation techniques (group discussion, brainstorming, forced connections, role play); defer judgment until a number of ideas have been generated; evaluate (critique) ideas; and explain why the chosen solution is optimal. T1.3a generate ideas for alternative solutions SE/TE: 49, 63, 95, 127, 165, 211, 319, 361, 387, 421, 453, 485, 520, 603, 616, 628, 691, 735 LAB: Consumer Lab Skills Lab; 49, 62-63, 94-95, , , , , , , , , 520, , 616, 628, , T1.3b evaluate alternatives based on the constraints of design SE/TE: 56, 562, 772; Science and Society: 56-57, , TECH: 57, 563, 773 T1.4 Develop plans, including drawings with measurements and details of construction, and construct a model of the solution, exhibiting a degree of craftsmanship. T1.4a design and construct a model of the product or process SE/TE: 5, 69, 101, 41, 149,183, 221, 259, 307, 332, 371, 405, 471, 509, 539, 573, 609, 653, 681, 723, 749; Chapter projects: 5, 69, 101, 41, 149,183, 221, 259, 307, 332, 371, 405, 471, 509, 539, 573, 609, 653, 681, 723,

18 T1.4a design and construct a model of the product or process TR: All in One: Chapter Project Teacher Notes: Unit 1: 38-39,98-99, , , , , , ; Unit 2: 38-39, 96-97, , , , ; Unit , 104, 105, , ; Unit 4: 24-25, 84-85, , ; Chapter Project Student Overview: Unit 1: 40-41, , , , , , , ; Unit 2: 40-41, 98-99, , , , ; Unit 3: 40-41, , , ; Unit 4: 26-27, 86-87, , ; Chapter Project Student Worksheets: Unit 1: 42-43, , , , , , , ; Unit 2: 42-43, , , , , ; Unit 3: 42-43, , , ; Unit 4: 28-29, 88-89, , ; Chapter Project Scoring Rubric: Unit 1: 44, 104, 166, 230, 304, 370, 438, 510; Unit 2: 44, 102, 174, 238, 300, 364; Unit 3: 44, 110, 180, 244; Unit 4: 30, 90, 170, 224 T1.4b construct a model of the product or process SE/TE: 5, 69, 101, 41, 149,183, 221, 259, 307, 332, 371, 405, 471, 509, 539, 573, 609, 653, 681, 723, 749; Chapter projects: 5, 69, 101, 41, 149,183, 221, 259, 307, 332, 371, 405, 471, 509, 539, 573, 609, 653, 681, 723, 749 TR: All in One: Chapter Project Teacher Notes: Unit 1: 38-39,98-99, , , , , , ; Unit 2: 38-39, 96-97, , , , ; Unit , 104, 105, , ; Unit 4: 24-25, 84-85, , ; Chapter Project Student Overview: Unit 1: 40-41, , , , , , , ; Unit 2: 40-41, 98-99, , , , ; Unit 3: 40-41, , , ; Unit 4: 26-27, 86-87, , ; Chapter Project Student Worksheets: Unit 1: 42-43, , , , , , , ; Unit 2: 42-43, , , , , ; Unit 3: 42-43, , , ; Unit 4: 28-29, 88-89, , ; Chapter Project Scoring Rubric: Unit 1: 44, 104, 166, 230, 304, 370, 438, 510; Unit 2: 44, 102, 174, 238, 300, 364; Unit 3: 44, 110, 180, 244; Unit 4: 30, 90, 170,

19 T1.5 In a group setting, test their solution against design specifications, present and evaluate results, describe how the solution might have been modified for different or better results, and discuss trade-offs that might have to be made. T1.5a test a design SE/TE: 5, 69, 101, 41, 149,183, 221, 259, 307, 332, 371, 405, 471, 509, 539, 573, 609, 653, 681, 723, 749; Chapter projects: 5, 69, 101, 41, 149,183, 221, 259, 307, 332, 371, 405, 471, 509, 539, 573, 609, 653, 681, 723, 749 TR: All in One: Chapter Project Teacher Notes: Unit 1: 38-39,98-99, , , , , , ; Unit 2: 38-39, 96-97, , , , ; Unit , 104, 105, , ; Unit 4: 24-25, 84-85, , ; Chapter Project Student Overview: Unit 1: 40-41, , , , , , , ; Unit 2: 40-41, 98-99, , , , ; Unit 3: 40-41, , , ; Unit 4: 26-27, 86-87, , ; Chapter Project Student Worksheets: Unit 1: 42-43, , , , , , , ; Unit 2: 42-43, , , , , ; Unit 3: 42-43, , , ; Unit 4: 28-29, 88-89, , ; Chapter Project Scoring Rubric: Unit 1: 44, 104, 166, 230, 304, 370, 438, 510; Unit 2: 44, 102, 174, 238, 300, 364; Unit 3: 44, 110, 180, 244; Unit 4: 30, 90, 170, 224 T1.5b evaluate a design SE/TE: 5, 69, 101, 41, 149,183, 221, 259, 307, 332, 371, 405, 471, 509, 539, 573, 609, 653, 681, 723, 749; Chapter projects: 5, 69, 101, 41, 149,183, 221, 259, 307, 332, 371, 405, 471, 509, 539, 573, 609, 653, 681, 723, 749 TR: All in One: Chapter Project Teacher Notes: Unit 1: 38-39,98-99, , , , , , ; Unit 2: 38-39, 96-97, , , , ; Unit , 104, 105, , ; Unit 4: 24-25, 84-85, , ; Chapter Project Student Overview: Unit 1: 40-41, , , , , , , ; Unit 2: 40-41, 98-99, , , , ; Unit 3: 40-41, , , ; Unit 4: 26-27, 86-87, , ; Chapter Project Student Worksheets: Unit 1: 42-43, ,

20 T1.5b evaluate a design TR: 165, , , , , ; Unit 2: 42-43, , , , , ; Unit 3: 42-43, , , ; Unit 4: 28-29, 88-89, , ; Chapter Project Scoring Rubric: Unit 1: 44, 104, 166, 230, 304, 370, 438, 510; Unit 2: 44, 102, 174, 238, 300, 364; Unit 3: 44, 110, 180, 244; Unit 4: 30, 90, 170, 224 Standard 2 Information Systems Students will access, generate, process, and transfer information, using appropriate technologies. INFORMATION SYSTEMS: Key Idea 1: Information technology is used to retrieve, process, and communicate information as a tool to enhance learning. 1.1 Use a range of equipment and software to integrate several forms of information in order to create good-quality audio, video, graphic, and text-based presentations. 1.2 Use spreadsheets and database software to collect, process, display, and analyze information. Students access needed information from electronic databases and online telecommunication services. 1.3 Systematically obtain accurate and relevant information pertaining to a particular topic from a range of sources, including local and national media, libraries, muse ums, governmental agencies, industries, and individuals. SE/TE: 14, 23, 53, 87, 112, 152, 198, 262, 316, 358, 390, 431, 456, 493, 525, 554, 584, 620, 626, 657, 710, 732, 760 TECH: Active Art: 14, 23, 53, 87, 112, 152, 198, 262, 316, 358, 390, 431, 456, 493, 525, 554, 584, 620, 626, 657, 710, 732, 760 SE/TE: 36, 88, 113, 133 TECH: Lab Manual: Probeware: 36, 88, 113, 133 SE/TE: 38, 60, 91, 124, 133, 163, 168, 175, 187, 214, 235, 239, 253, 270, 291, 322, 336, 342, 376, 395, 408, 418, 445, 448, 462, 474, 480, 487, 513, 541, 575, 598, 612, 637, 665, 685, 713, 716, 724, 732, 751, 765 TECH: Links: 38, 60, 91, 124, 133, 163, 168, 175, 187, 214, 235, 239, 253, 270, 291, 322, 336, 342, 376, 395, 408, 418, 445, 448, 462, 474, 480, 487, 513, 541, 575, 598, 612, 637, 665, 685, 713, 716, 724, 732, 751, Collect data from probes to measure events and phenomena. 1.4a collect the data, using the appropriate, available tool SE/TE: 36, 88, 113, 133 TECH: Lab Manual: Probeware: 36, 88, 113,

21 1.4b organize the data SE/TE: 6-9, 10-16, 90-93; Address Misconceptions: 4G,; Differentiated Instruction: 13; Key Concepts: 11, 12, 15, 16; Math Analyzing Data: 13; Monitor Progress: 11, 13, 15; Performance Assessment: 16; Use Visuals: 12, 14 LAB: Discover Activity: 10; Skills Activity: 11; Skills Lab: 94-95; At Home Activity: 9 TECH: Lab Activity Video: 68B; Student Edition Audio CD: 11; Transparency: PS2, PS3; Active Art: 14 TR: Guided Practice: 53-56; Section Summary: 52,; Review and Reinforce: 57; Enrich: 58; Lab Manual: 17; Skills Lab: c use the collected data to communicate a scientific concept 1.5 Use simple modeling programs to make predictions. SE/TE: 49, 63,82, 95, 127, 137, 157, 165, 193, 229, 273, 293, 319, 326, 339, 361, , 421, 435, 453, 461, 485, 520, 529, 593, 603, 616, 628, 661, 680, 691, 701, 735, 748, 771 LAB: Consumer Lab: 127, 339; Design Your Own Lab: 229, 293, 379; Skills Lab: 49, 63, 82, 95, 137, 157, 165, 193, 273, 319, 326, 361, 387, 421, 435, 453, 461, 485, 520, 529, 593, 603, 616, 628, 661, 680, 691, 701, 735, 748, 771 TR: All-in-One: Skills Lab: Unit 1: , , , , , , , ; Unit 2: 59-61, 69-72, , , , , , , ; Unit 3: 59-60, 69-71, , , , ; Unit 4: 38-41, , , 185, 188, , SE/TE: : Skills Handbook: Technology Design Skills: Key Idea 2: Knowledge of the impacts and limitations of information systems is essential to its effectiveness and ethical use. 2.1 Understand the need to question the accuracy of information displayed on a computer because the results produced by a computer may be affected by incorrect data entry. 2.1a critically analyze data to exclude erroneous information SE/TE: 10-16, 17-21; Discover Activity: 17; Differentiated Instruction: 13, 18; Key Concepts: 11, 12, 15; Math Analyzing Data: 13; Monitor Progress: 11, 13, 15, 19; Performance Assessment: 16; Use Visuals: 12, 14, 19, Writing in Science: 20; Appendix A:

22 2.1a critically analyze data to exclude erroneous information 2.1b identify and explain sources of error in a data collection 2.2 Identify advantages and limitations of datahandling programs and graphics pro grams. 2.3 Understand why electronically stored personal information has greater potential for misuse than records kept in conventional form. TECH: Active Art; 14; Interactive Textbook: 798; Student Audio CD: 18; Transparencies: PS2, PS3, PS4, PS5, PS6; Lab Activity Video: 4E LAB: Discover Activity: 10; Skills Activity: 11; Skills Lab: TR: All-in-One: Guided Reading: 53-5, 61-62; Laboratory Safety Teacher Notes: Laboratory Safety Rules: v-vi; Laboratory Safety Symbols: vii; Laboratory Safety Contract: viii,, ix-xiii; Section Summary: 52, 60; Review and Reinforce: 57, 63; Enrich: 58, 64 SE/TE: 10-16, 17-21; Discover Activity: 17; Differentiated Instruction: 13, 18; Key Concepts: 11, 12, 15; Math Analyzing Data: 13; Monitor Progress: 11, 13, 15, 19; Performance Assessment: 16; Use Visuals: 12, 14, 19, Writing in Science: 20; Appendix A: TECH: Active Art; 14; Interactive Textbook: 798; Student Audio CD: 18; Lab Activity Video: 4E LAB: Discover Activity: 10; Skills Activity: 11; Skills Lab: 65-66; Transparencies: PS2, PS3, PS4, PS5, PS6 TR: All-in-One: Guided Reading: 53-5, 61-62; Laboratory Safety Teacher Notes: Laboratory Safety Rules: v-vi; Laboratory Safety Symbols: vii; Laboratory Safety Contract: viii,, ix-xiii; Section Summary: 52, 60; Review and Reinforce: 57, 63; Enrich: 58, 64 SE/TE: ; Science and Society: 772 SE/TE: ; Science and Society: 772 Key Idea 3: Information technology can have positive and negative impacts on society, depending upon how it is used. 3.1 Use graphical, statistical, and presentation software to present projects to fellow classmates. SE/TE: 14, 23, 53, 87, 112, 115, 198, 262, 316, 358, 390, 431, 456, 493, 525, 554, 584, 620, 626, 657, 710, 732, 760 TECH: Art: 14, 23, 53, 87, 112, 115, 198, 262, 316, 358, 390, 431, 456, 493, 525, 554, 584, 620, 626, 657, 710, 732,

23 3.2 Describe applications of information technology in mathematics, science, and other technologies that address needs and solve problems in the community. 3.3 Explain the impact of the use and abuse of electronically generated information on individuals and families. SE/TE: 56, 562, 772; Science and Society: 56, 562, 772 TECH: 57, 563, 773 SE/TE: ; Background: 773 TECH: Standard 6 Interconnectedness: Common Themes Students will understand the relationships and common themes that connect mathematics, science, and technology and apply the themes to these and other areas of learning. SYSTEMS THINKING: Key Idea 1: Through systems thinking, people can recognize the commonalities that exist among all systems and how parts of a system interrelate and combine to perform specific functions. 1.1 Describe the differences between dynamic systems and organizational systems. 1.2 Describe the differences and similarities among engineering systems, natural systems, and social systems. 1.3 Describe the differences between open- and closed-loop systems. SE/TE: 22-27; Differentiated Instruction: 23; Key Concepts: 23, 25, 26, 27; Monitor Progress: 25, 27; Writing in Science: 27 LAB: Build Inquiry: 24; Discover Activity: 22; Teacher Demo: 24; Try This Activity: 25 TECH: Discovery Channel School Video Field Trip: 26; Student Edition Audio CD: 23; Transparency: PS8; Active Art: 23 TR: Reading Strategy Transparency: PS7; Guided Reading: 69-72; Section Summary: 68; Review and Reinforce: 73; Enrich: 74 SE/TE: ; Technology and Society: TECH: SE/TE: ; Address Misconceptions: 195; Differentiated Instruction: 195, 199, 200; Figure: 195; Key Concepts: 195, 196, 198, 200; Math Analyzing Data: 199; Math Practice: 201; Monitor Progress: 195, 197, 199, 201; Performance Assessment: 201; Use Visuals: 197, 199 LAB: Build Inquiry: 196; Discover Activity: 194; Try This Activity: 196 TECH: Student Edition Audio CD: 195; Transparency: PS60, PS61, PS62; Active Art: 198 TR: Guided Reading: ; Section Summary: 383; Review and Reinforce: 389; Enrich:

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