Developing Autonomy in an East Asian Classroom: from Policy to Practice

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Developing Autonomy in an East Asian Classroom: from Policy to Practice"

Transcription

1 DOI: /IPEDR V68. 2 Developing Autonomy in an East Asian Classroom: from Policy to Practice Thao Thi Thanh PHAN Thanhdo University Hanoi Vietnam Queensland University of Technology Brisbane - Australia Abstract. Education will not take place without autonomy (Kenny, 1993). In accordance with global trends, Vietnam has identified developing learner autonomy (LA) as one key strategy of its higher education. The aim of this paper is to propose an action research which is planned to promote LA of Vietnamese students of English at tertiary level. Firstly, a survey questionnaire will be conducted to a class of English majored students to explore students' views of their responsibilities and decision-making abilities, their actual and preferred learning activities. The students will then join in several activities, which are designed to develop their autonomous learning. The learning tasks will include individual short talks, group discussion, group presentation (oral or written), debate and drama. Finally, in-depth interviews will be taken with three random students to obtain students' ideas about autonomous EFL learning, especially, the changes of their learning style after the recommended activities. The paper implies suggestions for pedagogy of an autonomous classroom in the East Asian context. Keywords: Leaner Autonomy, Classroom, East Asian Context, Vietnamese Context, Pedagogy 1. Introduction This paper concerns the issue of how East Asian teachers foster their student autonomous learning in classroom setting. Descriptor as reactive autonomy has been used in regarding to East Asian learners (Littlewood, 1999). They are also said to be accustomed to a teacher-directed teaching classroom where the effort to encourage LA seems to be an impossible approach. Therefore, careful consideration should be given to how to effectively develop LA, a Western concept, within the context of East Asia. The proposed study will include three stages in one English class in a Vietnamese university: (1) questionnaires for the whole class; (2) an intervention; (3) interviews with voluntary students. The intervention will consist of activities during which students will have input in managing their own learning. The findings of the study are expected to contribute to the development of autonomous classroom management in East Asian countries. 2. Characteristics of Autonomous Learners The early and still influential definition of learner autonomy is by Holec (1981, p. 3). According to this, autonomous learners are those having "the ability to take charge to one's own learning", the responsibility (1) to determine the objectives, (2) to define the content and progression, (3) to select methods and techniques to be used, (4) to monitor the procedure and acquisition, (5) to evaluate what has been acquired. Later researchers also produce their own lists of the attributes of autonomous learners. They are said to be highly motivated to learn. They can work independently in determining learning objectives, and engaging with learning content flexibly and actively. They are believed to have ability in selecting their own learning methods, evaluating and identifying their learning strengths and weaknesses (Chan, 2001; Dam, 1995; Dickinson, 1993; Littlewood, 1996; Trinh, 2005). 3. Promoting LA in the Classroom The approach to promoting LA in the classroom takes the emphasis on learners' abilities to manage their own learning within the classroom environment. In other words, this approach highlights the changing Corresponding author: 6

2 relationship between teachers and students and classroom practices (Benson, 2001). It requires a gradual move from teacher-directed to learner-directed learning environment (Dam, 1995). According to this, teachers play the role as language advisors. Their responsibility is to create a learning environment that supports successfully the development and implementation of learners study plan (Murray, 2009). This section attempts to produce a comprehensive framework of LA implementation in the language classroom. Employing Crabbe (1993) s six aspects that should be considered to overcome difficulties in order to carry out independent learning tasks (task initiators, language practice, task problems, task decision makers, and feedback), the section locates our learners into the Vietnamese academic context where planning, student-directed learning, and evaluation demonstrate LA (Smith, 2003). This framework not only provides students opportunities to reject and renegotiate but also creates opportunities for teachers to rebuild a more familiar but necessary authority in their classroom teaching (Nguyen, 2009). 4. The Academic Context Fig. 1: A student-directed learning cycle Adapted from Smith (2003, p.136) Vietnam has recognized autonomy as one of key outcomes that higher education graduates need to possess. This has been strongly stated in the country higher education law In term of English as a major, university graduates are required to be independent users, which are clearly announced in Project on National Foreign Language Teaching and Learning up to Therefore, fostering learner autonomy, specifically, helping students to identify goals and employ effective strategies to achieve these goals, has appeared to be a must task for Vietnamese universities. However, academics and educators claim that Vietnamese students are hindered by high levels of inertia. They do not know how to take responsibility for their own learning. In the EFL classroom, they tend to listen to teachers and take notes without offering any personal ideas or raising questions (Phung & Doa, 2010). It is said that students are not self equipped with language learning strategies. They depend totally on teachers (Nguyen, 2011). There are also issues that challenge most Vietnamese institutions in their English education such as the shortage of teaching and learning resources (Kam, 2002; T. H. T. Pham, 2011) the overloaded curriculum (Duong & Nguyen, 2006; H. H. Pham, 2007; T. H. T. Pham, 2008, 2011), the large classes (Kam, 2002), traditional teaching methods ((Lewis & McCook, 2002; H. H. Pham, 2007). 5. The Study 5.1. Research Question In what ways can teachers encourage autonomy in the classroom? 5.2. Setting and Participants 7

3 The researcher plans to carry out a case study in an English major class at a Vietnamese private university. The main reason for this option is the experience of the researcher herself in teaching for English students. The second reason is because of English important role in the development of Vietnam. The students of this subject area will participate, to be selected on a voluntary basis Research Process and Procedure Phase 1: Questionnaire The questionnaire with students (in English and Vietnamese) will be in two parts, and last for approximately thirty minutes. It aims to investigate students' views of their responsibilities and decisionmaking abilities, their actual and preferred learning activities. Phase 2: Intervention I employ the topic Describing your job from a list of situations and topics for the second language suggested by Nation (2001, pp ). Others can be used alternatively. The main reason for this option is it breaks down a big task into smaller short- term goals so as making the learning more goal-directed. All the five activities follow the learning cycle: planning, student-directed, and evaluation. Activity 1: Individual short talks Students will be asked to talk about their future career of 2 3 minutes. This activity is considered as a warm up activity to get students general orientation to their learning goals. It also helps students to gain confidence, looking for several sources to prepare themselves for a very basic talk. Activity 2: Group discussion and presentation Students who share the same job option will form their own groups. They will then discuss about the characteristics, requirements of the job they choose, and what they should prepare for themselves to achieve the job. They will make an oral presentation about it. Activity 3: Debate Students will write a discussion about the advantages of disadvantages of the chosen job Students will debate about the pros and cons of the job in peer groups. Activity 4: Drama Students will create their own drama of minutes of any aspects relating to their career. Activity 5: Report Students will write a report to reflect on what their strong or weak points of their own performance. Phase 3: Interview In-depth interviews will be carried out individually with three students focusing on any changes of autonomous learning style after the intervention Data Generation and Analysis Questionnaire Participation will involve completing an 8 item anonymous questionnaire with likert scale answers (strongly agree strongly disagree) that will take approximately 30 minutes. For example: Choose the best option to answer the questions The teacher should build on student s potential to learn independently? Strongly agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly disagree The teacher should give guidelines and suggestions on how to get more information and how to explore new ideas. Strongly agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly disagree The participation in this project is entirely voluntary. If students agree to participate they do not have to complete any question(s) they are uncomfortable answering. Their decision to participate or not participate will in no way impact upon their current or future relationship with the university, for example their grades or with associated external organisation. If students do not agree to participate they can withdraw from the project at any time without comment or penalty. 8

4 Intervention Before the teachers and the students conduct their project work, there will be an orientation by the researcher with the teachers. The researcher will give guidelines and model the project work first. Then there will be consultation with the teachers in order to conduct the work effectively. The researcher will collect their ideas on the final design Interview The interviews will be arranged at a room on the university campus at the participants convenience and will be audio recorded. The data will then be typed into text for a careful qualitative theme analysis (Sanacore, 2008). All these transcripts will finally be segmented and coded. 6. Conclusion Employing a student-directed learning cycle, the paper has described a study which will be undertaken to explore the implementation of LA in a tertiary classroom setting in Vietnam. Individual short talks, group discussion and presentation, and drama have been arranged from easy to more difficult level following the learning cycle: planning, student-directed, and evaluation. The findings of the study are expected to contribute to effective pedagogic intervention to promote LA in East Asia classrooms in general and Vietnam in particular. 7. References [1] Benson, P. (2001). Teaching and Researching Autonomy in Language Learning. Applied Linguistics in Action Series: Pearson Educational Limited, U.K. [2] Chan, V. (2001). Readiness for learner autonomy: What do our learners tell us? Teaching in higher education, 6(4), [3] Crabbe, D. (1993). Fostering autonomy from within the classroom: the teacher's responsibility. System, 21(4), [4] Dam, L. (1995). From Theory to Classroom PracticeLearner Autonomy 3. Dublin: Authentik Language Learning Resources. [5] Dickinson, L. (1993). Talking Shop: Aspects of Autonomous Learning. ELT journal, 47(4), [6] Duong, T. H.O, & Nguyen, T.H. (2006). Memorization and EFL students' strategies at university level in Vietnam. TESL-EJ, 10(2), [7] Holec, H. (1981). Autonomy and foreign language learning: Council of Europe. [8] Kam, H. W. (2002). English language teaching in East Asia today: An overview. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 22(2), [9] Kenny, B. (1993). For more autonomy. System, 21(4), [10] Lewis, M., & McCook, F. (2002). Cultures of teaching: Voices from Vietnam. ELT journal, 56(2), [11] Littlewood, W. (1996). Autonomy : An anatomy and a framework. System, 24(4), [12] Littlewood, W. (1999). Defining and developing autonomy in East Asian contexts. Applied linguistics, 20(1), [13] Nation, I. S. (2001). Learning Vocabulary in Another Language: Cambridge University Press. [14] Nguyen, T. C. L. (2009). Learner Autonomy and EFL Learning at the Tertiary Level in Vietnam. PhD thesis, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. [15] Nguyen H. (2011). Nang cao nang luc Ngoai ngu cho Sinh vien Viet nam trong 10 nam toi - Developing Vietnamese students foreign language ability in the next 10 years. Retrieved from Egov.net.vn. (Vietnamese version). [16] Pham, H. H. (2007). Communicative language teaching: Unity within diversity. ELT journal, 61(3), [17] Pham, T. H.T. (2008). The roles of teachers in implementing educational innovation: The case of implementing cooperative learning in Vietnam. Asian Social Science, 4(1), P3. 9

5 [18] Pham, T. H.T. (2011). An investigation of perceptions of Vietnamese teachers and students toward cooperative learning (CL). International Education Studies, 4(1), p3. [19] Phung N. & Doa N. (2010). Co nen Tha noi viec hoc Ngoai ngu cho Sinh vien? - Should we float Foreign Language Learning for Students? Retrieved from Bee.net.vn. (Vietnamese version) [20] Sanacore, J. (2008). Turning reluctant learners into inspired learners. The clearing house, 82(1), [21] Smith, R. C. (2003). Pedagogy for autonomy as (becoming-) appropriate methodology. Learner autonomy across cultures, [22] Trinh, Q. L. (2005). Stimulating learner autonomy in English language education: a curriculum innovation study in a Vietnamese context. PhD thesis, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Holland. [23] Vietnamese National Assembly: Vietnam Higher Education Law No 08/2012/QH13. Retrieved from: (Vietnamese version) [24] Vietnamese Ministry of Education and Training: Project on National Foreign Language Teaching and Learning up to Retrieved from: (Vietnamese version) 10

Double Master Degrees in International Economics and Development

Double Master Degrees in International Economics and Development Double Master Degrees in International Economics and Development I. Recruitment condition The admissions procedure is open to all students who meet the following conditions: - Condition of diploma: + Candidates

More information

Teacher Development: A Real Need for English Departments in Vietnam

Teacher Development: A Real Need for English Departments in Vietnam Teacher Development: A Real Need for English Departments in Vietnam Although teacher development has been a familiar notion in the ELT profession for the last few decades, it is relatively new and receives

More information

Learner Autonomy in EFL Studies in Vietnam: A Discussion from Sociocultural Perspective

Learner Autonomy in EFL Studies in Vietnam: A Discussion from Sociocultural Perspective Learner Autonomy in EFL Studies in Vietnam: A Discussion from Sociocultural Perspective Tin Tan DANG Faculty of Education, La Trobe University E-mail: datati@gmail.com This study was funded by La Trobe

More information

An Investigation of EFL Teachers Beliefs and Practices of Learner Autonomy

An Investigation of EFL Teachers Beliefs and Practices of Learner Autonomy International Journal on Studies in English Language and Literature (IJSELL) Volume 4, Issue 12, December 2016, PP 45-59 ISSN 2347-3126 (Print) & ISSN 2347-3134 (Online) http://dx.doi.org/10.20431/2347-3134.0412009

More information

Autonomy in Vietnam s Law of Higher Education. Vu Thi Phuong Anh University of Economics and Finance & Vietnam s Private Universities Association

Autonomy in Vietnam s Law of Higher Education. Vu Thi Phuong Anh University of Economics and Finance & Vietnam s Private Universities Association Autonomy in Vietnam s Law of Higher Education Vu Thi Phuong Anh University of Economics and Finance & Vietnam s Private Universities Association Abstract Autonomy is a fundamental concept in Western higher

More information

PART 1: I TRODUCTIO 1. Rationale

PART 1: I TRODUCTIO 1. Rationale 1 Applying games in teaching the present perfect tense to the freshmen at Haiphong Medical University = Nghiên cứu việc áp dụng trò chơi trong việc dạy thời Hiện tại Hoàn thành cho sinh viên năm thứ nhất

More information

The Effect of Task Based Language Teaching on Learner Autonomy: A Case of Pre University Students at the International Islamic University Malaysia

The Effect of Task Based Language Teaching on Learner Autonomy: A Case of Pre University Students at the International Islamic University Malaysia The Effect of Task Based Language Teaching on Learner Autonomy: A Case of Pre University Students at the International Islamic University Malaysia Khedidja Kaouter. Mechraoui, Amal. Mechraoui,Kafayat Motilewa.Quadri

More information

Introducing Learner Autonomy in a University English Course

Introducing Learner Autonomy in a University English Course Aki Iimuro and Maiko Berger Abstract This paper reports on the attempt to develop autonomous learning skills of introductory-level students at a Japanese university through a general English language course.

More information

INVESTIGATING LEARNER AUTONOMY AMONG EFL LEARNERS AND TEACHERS IN ALGERIAN SECONDARY EDUCATION

INVESTIGATING LEARNER AUTONOMY AMONG EFL LEARNERS AND TEACHERS IN ALGERIAN SECONDARY EDUCATION INVESTIGATING LEARNER AUTONOMY AMONG EFL LEARNERS AND TEACHERS IN ALGERIAN SECONDARY EDUCATION Kheira HADI Assistant Teacher, Ain Temouchent University Center ALGERIA ABSTRACT The present paper investigates

More information

Exploring EFL Teachers Perceptions of Task-Based Language. Teaching: A Case Study of Korean Secondary School Classroom. Practice

Exploring EFL Teachers Perceptions of Task-Based Language. Teaching: A Case Study of Korean Secondary School Classroom. Practice Exploring EFL Teachers Perceptions of Task-Based Language Teaching: A Case Study of Korean Secondary School Classroom Practice In-Jae Jeon Mokpo National University, Korea Jung-won Hahn Mokpo National

More information

Hoang Van Van * Received 02 August 2016 Revised 26 September 2016; Accepted 22 December 2016

Hoang Van Van * Received 02 August 2016 Revised 26 September 2016; Accepted 22 December 2016 VNU Journal of Science: Education Research, Vol. 32, No. 4 (2016) 9-20 Renovation in Curriculum Design and Textbook Development: An Effective Solution to Improving the Quality of English Teaching in Vietnamese

More information

Learner Autonomy and the Use of Language Learning Strategies in a Taiwanese Junior High School

Learner Autonomy and the Use of Language Learning Strategies in a Taiwanese Junior High School Learner Autonomy and the Use of Language Learning Strategies in a Taiwanese Junior High School Hsiang-I Chen (Corresponding author) Department of Applied English, Ming Chuan University No.5 De Ming Rd.,

More information

Chinese College English Learners Attitudes and Behaviors in Computer-Assisted Autonomous Language Learning

Chinese College English Learners Attitudes and Behaviors in Computer-Assisted Autonomous Language Learning THE JOURNAL OF ASIA TEFL Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 207-231, Summer 2009 Chinese College English Learners Attitudes and Behaviors in Computer-Assisted Autonomous Language Learning Guo Yan Huazhong University of

More information

Evaluation of an In-Service Training Program for Primary School Teachers of English in Vietnam

Evaluation of an In-Service Training Program for Primary School Teachers of English in Vietnam International Journal of English Linguistics; Vol. 6, No. 4; 2016 ISSN 1923-869X E-ISSN 1923-8703 Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education Evaluation of an In-Service Training Program for

More information

VIDEO-STIMULATED RECALL INTERVIEWS IN QUALITATIVE RESEARCH

VIDEO-STIMULATED RECALL INTERVIEWS IN QUALITATIVE RESEARCH VIDEO-STIMULATED RECALL INTERVIEWS IN QUALITATIVE RESEARCH Nga Thanh Nguyen Amanda McFadden Dr. Donna Tangen Dr. Denise Beutel Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia Abstract Video stimulated

More information

OFFER 2 ANNOUNCEMENT OF #ONESTEPCLOSER PROMOTION PHASE 2 (01 May 07 Jul 2017)

OFFER 2 ANNOUNCEMENT OF #ONESTEPCLOSER PROMOTION PHASE 2 (01 May 07 Jul 2017) OFFER 2 ANNOUNCEMENT OF #ONESTEPCLOSER PROMOTION PHASE 2 (01 May 07 Jul 2017) Congratulations to the following HSBC cardholders who registered for the Action Camera of Offer 2 in the #OneStepCloser promotion

More information

Iranian EFL Teachers Perceptions of Task-Based Language Pedagogy

Iranian EFL Teachers Perceptions of Task-Based Language Pedagogy Higher Education of Social Science Vol. 1, No. 2, 2011, pp. 1-9 DOI: 10.3968/j.hess.1927024020110102.1566 ISSN 1927-0232 [Print] ISSN 1927-0240 [Online] www.cscanada.net www.cscanada.org Iranian EFL Teachers

More information

Improvement of Iranian EFL learners autonomy through task-based speaking activities

Improvement of Iranian EFL learners autonomy through task-based speaking activities International Journal of Multidisciplinary and Current Research Research Article ISSN: 2321-3124 Available at: http://ijmcr.com Improvement of Iranian EFL learners autonomy through task-based speaking

More information

EXCEED Application Form

EXCEED Application Form EXCEED Application Form This form has to be completed on a computer. Please note that we can only proceed complete applications! Application for Summerschool Subject or Application for Scholarship as BSc-

More information

=========================================================

========================================================= ====================================================================== Language in India www.languageinindia.com ISSN 1930-2940 Vol. 16:11 November 2016 ===================================================================

More information

Greek Teachers Attitudes toward the Inclusion of Students with Special Educational Needs

Greek Teachers Attitudes toward the Inclusion of Students with Special Educational Needs American Journal of Educational Research, 2014, Vol. 2, No. 4, 208-218 Available online at http://pubs.sciepub.com/education/2/4/6 Science and Education Publishing DOI:10.12691/education-2-4-6 Greek Teachers

More information

In the Classroom/En classe. Fostering Learner Autonomy in an ESL Classroom. Victoria Chan

In the Classroom/En classe. Fostering Learner Autonomy in an ESL Classroom. Victoria Chan In the Classroom/En classe Fostering Learner Autonomy in an ESL Classroom Victoria Chan This article reports on an action research project on ways and means ofpromoting learner autonomy in an ESL classroom.

More information

Task-Based Language Teaching: An Insight into Teacher Practice

Task-Based Language Teaching: An Insight into Teacher Practice International Journal of Education, Culture and Society 2017; 2(4): 126-131 http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/j/ijecs doi: 10.11648/j.ijecs.20170204.14 ISSN: 2575-3460 (Print); ISSN: 2575-3363 (Online)

More information

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING OF VIETNAM LARGE-SCALE ASSESSMENT IN VIETNAM

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING OF VIETNAM LARGE-SCALE ASSESSMENT IN VIETNAM MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING OF VIETNAM LARGE-SCALE ASSESSMENT IN VIETNAM Dr. Le Thi My Ha Center of Educational Quality Evaluation, Director Vietnam PISA Office, National Project Manager September

More information

IMPLEMENTING PROJECT-BASED LEARNING CALLED AS BEST OF BOTH WORLDS PROJECT (BBWP) IN ENGLISH SYLLABUS

IMPLEMENTING PROJECT-BASED LEARNING CALLED AS BEST OF BOTH WORLDS PROJECT (BBWP) IN ENGLISH SYLLABUS DOI : 10.18843/rwjasc/v6i4/06 DOI URL : http://dx.doi.org/10.18843/rwjasc/v6i4/06 IMPLEMENTING PROJECT-BASED LEARNING CALLED AS BEST OF BOTH WORLDS PROJECT (BBWP) IN ENGLISH SYLLABUS Liyana, A.A., Bazilah

More information

Intermediate Vietnamese VIET (3 credits / 45 class hours)

Intermediate Vietnamese VIET (3 credits / 45 class hours) Intermediate Vietnamese VIET 2003-2503 (3 credits / 45 class hours) SIT Study Abroad Program: Vietnam: Culture, Social Change and Development PLEASE NOTE: This syllabus represents a recent semester. Because

More information

The Effect of Metacognitive Strategy Instruction on Iranian Intermediate EFL Learners' Metacognitive Awareness in Listening

The Effect of Metacognitive Strategy Instruction on Iranian Intermediate EFL Learners' Metacognitive Awareness in Listening Journal of Applied Linguistics and Language Research Volume 3, Issue 6, 2016, pp. 305-318 Available online at www.jallr.com ISSN: 2376-760X The Effect of Metacognitive Strategy Instruction on Iranian Intermediate

More information

KẾ HOẠCH GIẢNG DẠY TOÀN KHÓA CHƯƠNG TRÌNH ĐÀO TẠO KHÓA TRÌNH ĐỘ ĐẠI HỌC

KẾ HOẠCH GIẢNG DẠY TOÀN KHÓA CHƯƠNG TRÌNH ĐÀO TẠO KHÓA TRÌNH ĐỘ ĐẠI HỌC BỘ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO TRƯỜNG ĐẠI HỌC KINH TẾ - TÀI CHÍNH TP.HCM KẾ HOẠCH GIẢNG DẠY TOÀN KHÓA CHƯƠNG TRÌNH ĐÀO TẠO KHÓA 2015 - TRÌNH ĐỘ ĐẠI HỌC Ngành: Ngôn ngữ Mã TS: D220201 Khoa: Ngoại ngữ Khối lượng

More information

The Assessment Tool of L2 Learners Pragmatic Competence: Written Discourse Completion Test (WDCT)

The Assessment Tool of L2 Learners Pragmatic Competence: Written Discourse Completion Test (WDCT) DOI: 10.7763/IPEDR. 2013. V68. 19 The Assessment Tool of L2 Learners Pragmatic Competence: Written Discourse Completion Test (WDCT) Fauzul Aufa The University of Queensland Abstract. Research studies have

More information

University of Pennsylvania 2014 Program: Education, Culture, and Society

University of Pennsylvania 2014 Program: Education, Culture, and Society EDUCATION CHI NGUYEN Department of Education Policy Studies 200 Rackley Building, University Park, Pennsylvania, 16802 Tel: (267) 721-226 Email: cpn110@psu.edu Website: https://chinguyen.education Ph.D.

More information

Critical peer collaboration for EFL preservice teachers.

Critical peer collaboration for EFL preservice teachers. Nguyen, T. M. H., & Hudson, P. (2012). Critical peer collaboration for EFL preservice teachers. In Andrea Honigsfeld and Maria Dove (Eds.), Co-teaching and other collaborative practices in the EFL/ESL

More information

Vietnam FEGU Study Tour. Presentation by the 2014 Vietnam Fellows

Vietnam FEGU Study Tour. Presentation by the 2014 Vietnam Fellows Vietnam FEGU Study Tour Presentation by the 2014 Vietnam Fellows Presentation Overview Video Travelogue Education Themes Personal Reflections Travelogue Video Slide Show Education Themes Role of Assessment

More information

Background information. Research questions. Theoretical perspective. Research design. Findings and discussions. Recommendations for further research

Background information. Research questions. Theoretical perspective. Research design. Findings and discussions. Recommendations for further research 1 Background information Research questions Theoretical perspective Research design Findings and discussions Recommendations for further research Vietnam Situated in South East Asia Significant changes

More information

Characteristics of a Good Teacher in the Communicative Student Centered Classes from the Teachers Perspective in Jenin District

Characteristics of a Good Teacher in the Communicative Student Centered Classes from the Teachers Perspective in Jenin District Characteristics of a Good Teacher in the Communicative Student Centered Classes from the Teachers Perspective in Jenin District Falasteen Abed Ar-Rahim Hasan Sarhan Abstract: This study seeks to examine

More information

The Design of the Young Lives School Survey in Vietnam

The Design of the Young Lives School Survey in Vietnam 38 Technical Note The Design of the 2016-17 Young Lives School Survey in Vietnam Padmini Iyer www.younglives.org.uk DECEMBER 2016 The Design of the 2016-17 Young Lives School Survey in Vietnam Padmini

More information

DANH SÁCH KHÁCH HÀNG ĐƯỢC HOÀN TIỀN TRONG CHƯƠNG TRÌNH ƯU ĐÃI HOÀN TIỀN 2TR5 TẠI NGUYỄN KIM VỚI THẺ TÍN DỤNG HSBC (15/12 31/12/2017)

DANH SÁCH KHÁCH HÀNG ĐƯỢC HOÀN TIỀN TRONG CHƯƠNG TRÌNH ƯU ĐÃI HOÀN TIỀN 2TR5 TẠI NGUYỄN KIM VỚI THẺ TÍN DỤNG HSBC (15/12 31/12/2017) DANH SÁCH KHÁCH HÀNG ĐƯỢC HOÀN TIỀN TRONG CHƯƠNG TRÌNH ƯU ĐÃI HOÀN TIỀN 2TR5 TẠI NGUYỄN KIM VỚI THẺ TÍN DỤNG HSBC (15/12 31/12/2017) Xin chúc mừng các Chủ Thẻ được hoàn tiền 2,500,000 VND trong chương

More information

Communicative Language Teaching (Clt): Learners Perspectives

Communicative Language Teaching (Clt): Learners Perspectives IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education (IOSR-JRME) e-issn: 2320 7388,p-ISSN: 2320 737X Volume 6, Issue 6 Ver. VIII (Nov. - Dec. 2016), PP 31-40 www.iosrjournals.org Communicative Language Teaching

More information

TRANSFORMING ENGLISH LANGUAGE EDUCATION IN THE ERA OF GLOBALISATION

TRANSFORMING ENGLISH LANGUAGE EDUCATION IN THE ERA OF GLOBALISATION MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING HANOI NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION THE SECOND INTERNATIONAL VIETTESOL CONFERENCE TRANSFORMING ENGLISH LANGUAGE EDUCATION IN THE ERA OF GLOBALISATION UNIVERSITY OF

More information

AC : A REVIEW OF ENGINEERING TECHNICIAN EDUCA- TION IN AUSTRALIA:

AC : A REVIEW OF ENGINEERING TECHNICIAN EDUCA- TION IN AUSTRALIA: AC 2011-2740: A REVIEW OF ENGINEERING TECHNICIAN EDUCA- TION IN AUSTRALIA: David Dowling, University of Southern Queensland Professor David Dowling is passionate about helping engineering students learn

More information

The Current Situation and Issues of the Teaching of English in Vietnam

The Current Situation and Issues of the Teaching of English in Vietnam The Current Situation and Issues of the Teaching of English in Vietnam HOANG Van Van Introduction This paper is concerned with the current situation and issues of the teaching of English in Vietnam. As

More information

AN INVESTIGATION OF VIETNAMESE CLASSIFIER CONSTRUCTIONS ABSTRACT

AN INVESTIGATION OF VIETNAMESE CLASSIFIER CONSTRUCTIONS ABSTRACT AN INVESTIGATION OF VIETNAMESE CLASSIFIER CONSTRUCTIONS Lau Mong Thu English Lecturer, Faculty of Foreign Languages University of Thu Dau Mot VIETNAM ABSTRACT The study was conducted to investigate typical

More information

A Study of Multimedia Application-based Vocabulary Acquisition

A Study of Multimedia Application-based Vocabulary Acquisition English Language Teaching; Vol. 5, No. 10; 2012 ISSN 1916-4742 E-ISSN 1916-4750 Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education A Study of Multimedia Application-based Vocabulary Acquisition Jing

More information

ESP Project Work: Preparing Learners for the Workplace

ESP Project Work: Preparing Learners for the Workplace ESP Project Work: Preparing Learners for the Workplace A. H. Abdul Raof and Masdinah Alauyah Md. Yusof Universiti Teknologi, Malaysia Bio Data A. H. Abdul Raof is a lecturer at the Department of Modern

More information

Teaching English in Vietnam: Improving the Provision in the Private Sector

Teaching English in Vietnam: Improving the Provision in the Private Sector Teaching English in Vietnam: Improving the Provision in the Private Sector A thesis submitted to The School of Education Faculty of Human Development Victoria University in fulfilment of the requirements

More information

Vietnamese English Teachers Perceptions on Incorporating World Englishes Into Their Teaching1

Vietnamese English Teachers Perceptions on Incorporating World Englishes Into Their Teaching1 Research Vietnamese English Teachers Perceptions on Incorporating World Englishes Into Their Teaching1 Tran Thi Hao Vinh University, Vietnam Paul Moore The University of Queensland, Australia Understanding

More information

Students Perception on Training in Writing Research Article for Publication

Students Perception on Training in Writing Research Article for Publication (AWEJ) Volume.7 Number.4 December,206 Pp.305-316 DOI: dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol7no4.20 Article for Publication Rusma Faculty of Teachers Training and Education Lambung Mangkurat University South Kalimantan,

More information

Teachers Perceptions toward Using Communicative Language Games in Teaching Young EFL Learners

Teachers Perceptions toward Using Communicative Language Games in Teaching Young EFL Learners IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education (IOSR-JRME) e-issn: 2320 7388,p-ISSN: 2320 737X Volume 7, Issue 3 Ver. II (May - June 2017), PP 55-60 www.iosrjournals.org Teachers Perceptions toward Using

More information

IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education (IOSR-JRME) e-issn: 2320 7388,p-ISSN: 2320 737X Volume 7, Issue 5 Ver. IV (Sep. Oct. 2017), PP 83-87 www.iosrjournals.org The Effectiveness Of The Experiential

More information

Intentional Vocabulary Learning Using Digital Flashcards

Intentional Vocabulary Learning Using Digital Flashcards English Language Teaching; Vol. 8, No. 10; 2015 ISSN 1916-4742 E-ISSN 1916-4750 Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education Intentional Vocabulary Learning Using Digital Flashcards Hsiu-Ting

More information

Exploring the roles of integrative and instrumental motivation on English language acquisition among Iranian medical and dentistry students

Exploring the roles of integrative and instrumental motivation on English language acquisition among Iranian medical and dentistry students International Journal of Language and Linguistics 2014; 2(5-1): 18-23 Published online September 01, 2014 (http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/j/ijll) doi: 10.11648/j.ijll.s.2014020501.13 ISSN: 2330-0205

More information

Teacher Development in Vietnam: An Alternative Viewpoint

Teacher Development in Vietnam: An Alternative Viewpoint Teacher Development in Vietnam: An Alternative Viewpoint Duong Thi Hoang Oanh, M.A. A second look at challenges and opportunities for professional development of EFL teachers in Vietnam. This article is

More information

UQ-Vietnam Language & Culture Research Network

UQ-Vietnam Language & Culture Research Network THE UNIVERSITY OF QUEENSLAND UQ-Vietnam Language & Culture Research Network Working bibliography of research theses, articles and conference presentations by Vietnamese researchers and colleagues at the

More information

The digital copy of this thesis is protected by the Copyright Act 1994 (New Zealand).

The digital copy of this thesis is protected by the Copyright Act 1994 (New Zealand). http://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz ResearchSpace@Auckland Copyright Statement The digital copy of this thesis is protected by the Copyright Act 1994 (New Zealand). This thesis may be consulted by you,

More information

EFFECTIVE TEACHING STRATEGIES IN HIGHER EDUCATION

EFFECTIVE TEACHING STRATEGIES IN HIGHER EDUCATION EFFECTIVE TEACHING STRATEGIES IN HIGHER EDUCATION Murat Dagistan, Curriculum & Instruction PhD Colleen Dragovich, Educational Psychology PhD Kent State University Purpose This workshop simply aims to present

More information

Corpus and Statistical Analysis of F0 Variation for Vietnamese Dialect Identification

Corpus and Statistical Analysis of F0 Variation for Vietnamese Dialect Identification , pp.205-210 http://dx.doi.org/10.14257/astl.2015.111.40 Corpus and Statistical Analysis of F0 Variation for Vietnamese Dialect Identification Pham Ngoc Hung 1, Trinh Van Loan 1,2, Nguyen Hong Quang 2

More information

5.7 Country case study: Vietnam

5.7 Country case study: Vietnam 5.7 Country case study: Vietnam Author Nguyen Xuan Hung, Secretary, Vietnam Pharmaceutical Association, xuanhung29@vnn.vn Summary Pharmacy workforce development has only taken place over the last two decades

More information

California Subject Examinations for Teachers

California Subject Examinations for Teachers California Subject Examinations for Teachers TEST GUIDE VIETNAMESE SUBTEST I Sample Questions and Responses and Scoring Information Copyright 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliate(s). All rights

More information

International Conference on Current Trends in ELT. The Role of Social Support on Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation among Iranian EFL Learners

International Conference on Current Trends in ELT. The Role of Social Support on Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation among Iranian EFL Learners Available online at www.sciencedirect.com ScienceDirect Procedia - Social and Behavioral Scien ce s 98 ( 2014 ) 1912 1918 International Conference on Current Trends in ELT The Role of Social Support on

More information

Autonomy in Language Teaching and Learning Process

Autonomy in Language Teaching and Learning Process Autonomy in Language Teaching and Learning Process Dilek ÇAKICI Ondokuz Mayıs University, Faculty of Education Abstract: The concept of learner autonomy in the field of foreign language learning was clearly

More information

A Study of Metacognitive Awareness of Non-English Majors in L2 Listening

A Study of Metacognitive Awareness of Non-English Majors in L2 Listening ISSN 1798-4769 Journal of Language Teaching and Research, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 504-510, May 2013 Manufactured in Finland. doi:10.4304/jltr.4.3.504-510 A Study of Metacognitive Awareness of Non-English Majors

More information

Memorization and EFL Students' Strategies at University Level in Vietnam

Memorization and EFL Students' Strategies at University Level in Vietnam September 2006 Volume 10, Number 2 Memorization and EFL Students' Strategies at University Level in Vietnam Duong Thi Hoang Oanh Hue University, Vietnam Nguyen Thu Hien Hue University,

More information

The role of the first language in foreign language learning. Paul Nation. The role of the first language in foreign language learning

The role of the first language in foreign language learning. Paul Nation. The role of the first language in foreign language learning 1 Article Title The role of the first language in foreign language learning Author Paul Nation Bio: Paul Nation teaches in the School of Linguistics and Applied Language Studies at Victoria University

More information

The Correlations between Learner Autonomy and the Affective Factors in College English Learning in China

The Correlations between Learner Autonomy and the Affective Factors in College English Learning in China International Review of Social Sciences and Humanities Vol. 8, No. 2 (2015), pp. 70-84 www.irssh.com ISSN 2248-9010 (Online), ISSN 2250-0715 (Print) The Correlations between Learner Autonomy and the Affective

More information

Teacher Training Modules

Teacher Training Modules UNESCO Hanoi Office UNESCO IBE Ministry of Education and Training (MOET) Workshop to pilot test Teacher Training Modules that address gender issues and promote Gender Equality 3-5 November 2010 Do Son,

More information

236 - Proceeding of the Global Summit on Education (GSE2013)

236 - Proceeding of the Global Summit on Education (GSE2013) 236 - Proceeding of the Global Summit on Education (GSE2013) TEACHERS PERCEPTIONS AND CHALLENGES REGARDING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF COMMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE TEACHING (CLT) IN MALAYSIAN SECONDARY SCHOOLS Reza

More information

Influence from afar: The CEFR and a New Zealand tertiary-level qualification

Influence from afar: The CEFR and a New Zealand tertiary-level qualification Influence from afar: The CEFR and a New Zealand tertiary-level qualification John Read University of Auckland EALTA Conference, University of Warwick, 1 June 2014 Overview Background A national framework

More information

Research on College English Autonomous Learning Strategies Based on the Digital Instructional Platform *

Research on College English Autonomous Learning Strategies Based on the Digital Instructional Platform * ISSN 1799-2591 Theory and Practice in Language Studies, Vol. 4, No. 9, pp. 1918-1923, September 2014 Manufactured in Finland. doi:10.4304/tpls.4.9.1918-1923 Research on College English Autonomous Learning

More information

An Investigation into Vocabulary Language Learning Strategies through Cognitive Theory: Implications for Kurdish Universities

An Investigation into Vocabulary Language Learning Strategies through Cognitive Theory: Implications for Kurdish Universities An Investigation into Vocabulary Language Learning Strategies through Cognitive Theory: Implications for Kurdish Universities Talib Omer Erbil Polytechnic University-Soran Technical Institute Department

More information

An Investigation of Perceptions of Vietnamese Teachers and Students toward Cooperative Learning (CL)

An Investigation of Perceptions of Vietnamese Teachers and Students toward Cooperative Learning (CL) An Investigation of Perceptions of Vietnamese Teachers and Students toward Cooperative Learning (CL) Pham Thi Hong Thanh School of Education, Level 4, Social Sciences Building (#24) The University of Queensland,

More information

A Comparative Study of Iranian EFL Teachers and Learners Perspectives on Task-based Instruction

A Comparative Study of Iranian EFL Teachers and Learners Perspectives on Task-based Instruction ISSN 1799-2591 Theory and Practice in Language Studies, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 300-312, February 2013 Manufactured in Finland. doi:10.4304/tpls.3.2.300-312 A Comparative Study of Iranian EFL Teachers and Learners

More information

Academic Writing Difficulties of Iraqi Postgraduate Students in Malaysia

Academic Writing Difficulties of Iraqi Postgraduate Students in Malaysia International Journal of Education and Research Vol. 3 No. 6 June 2015 Academic Writing Difficulties of Iraqi Postgraduate Students in Malaysia Yuen Chee Keong 1, Ibtihal Hassan Mussa 2 Faculty of Social

More information

Investigating policies for plagiarism and academic integrity: The case of Turkey

Investigating policies for plagiarism and academic integrity: The case of Turkey Investigating policies for plagiarism and academic integrity: The case of Turkey Salim Razı & H. Sümeyra Pektaş Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Turkey www.salimrazi.com You can download this presentation

More information

Studies in Self-Access Learning Journal

Studies in Self-Access Learning Journal Studies in Self-Access Learning Journal http://sisaljournal.org Autonomous Language Learning in Self-Access Spaces: Moodle in Action Kerstin Dofs, Ara Institute of Canterbury, New Zealand (Kerstin.Dofs@cpit.ac.nz)

More information

Identification of Affective Factors Influencing Students Low Participation in University EFL Oral Classes: An Iranian Case Study

Identification of Affective Factors Influencing Students Low Participation in University EFL Oral Classes: An Iranian Case Study Identification of Affective Factors Influencing Students Low Participation in University EFL Oral Classes: An Iranian Case Study Abdolnoor Khaleghi Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas Branch (Janah Center)

More information

Arif Hartono + Management Department, Faculty of Economics, Islamic University of Indonesia

Arif Hartono + Management Department, Faculty of Economics, Islamic University of Indonesia DOI: 10.7763/IPEDR. 2012. V50. 7 Information Requirements and Importance in the Selection of Indonesian Higher Education Institutions: Insight from Visitors of the Annual Education Expo Arif Hartono +

More information

A blog as a Tool for Reflection for English Language Learners

A blog as a Tool for Reflection for English Language Learners A blog as a Tool for Reflection for English Language Learners Jo Mynard Koryo International College, Japan Bio Data: Jo Mynard has taught English in Spain, Ireland, England, the United Arab Emirates and

More information

TEACHERS ATTITUDES TOWARDS COMMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE TEACHING IN SENIOR HIGH SCHOOLS

TEACHERS ATTITUDES TOWARDS COMMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE TEACHING IN SENIOR HIGH SCHOOLS TEACHERS ATTITUDES TOWARDS COMMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE TEACHING IN SENIOR HIGH SCHOOLS Ratih Widyastuti Abstract This study attempts to investigate teachers attitudes towards Communicative Language Teaching

More information

The Current Situation and Future Development of Hospitality and Tourism Higher Education in Vietnam

The Current Situation and Future Development of Hospitality and Tourism Higher Education in Vietnam Journal of Tourism, Hospitality & Culinary Arts Vol. 3 Issue 2, 57-67, 2011 The Current Situation and Future Development of Hospitality and Tourism Higher Education in Vietnam Hanh Nguyen and Manat Chaisawat

More information

University of Economics - University of Danang s Adoption of Foreign Internship Course: Motivations and Lessons

University of Economics - University of Danang s Adoption of Foreign Internship Course: Motivations and Lessons Review of Integrative Business and Economics Research, Vol. 5, no. 3, pp.224-231, July 2016 224 University of Economics - University of Danang s Adoption of Foreign Internship Course: Motivations and Lessons

More information

Towards an Integrated Framework: Use of Constructivist and Experiential Learning Approaches in ICT-Supported Language Learning

Towards an Integrated Framework: Use of Constructivist and Experiential Learning Approaches in ICT-Supported Language Learning Towards an Integrated Framework: Use of Constructivist and Experiential Learning Approaches in ICT-Supported Language Learning Samia Naqvi 1 This paper reports the findings of a research project that aimed

More information

Learning English Conditional Structures

Learning English Conditional Structures ISSN 17-251 Theory and Practice in Language Studies, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 156-16, January 212 Manufactured in Finland. doi:1.44/tpls.2.1.156-16 Learning English Conditional Structures Luu Trong Tuan University

More information

HIGHER EDUCATION IN VIETNAM UPDATE MAY 2004

HIGHER EDUCATION IN VIETNAM UPDATE MAY 2004 HIGHER EDUCATION IN VIETNAM UPDATE MAY 2004 PREPARED BY IIE VIETNAM Institute of International Education Tung Shing Square 2 Ngo Quyen, Suite 505 Hanoi, Vietnam Tel: (84-4) 935-0412 Fax: (84-4) 935-0418

More information

Cultural Diversity in English Language Teaching: Learners Voices

Cultural Diversity in English Language Teaching: Learners Voices English Language Teaching; Vol. 6, No. 4; 2013 ISSN 1916-4742 E-ISSN 1916-4750 Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education Cultural Diversity in English Language Teaching: Learners Voices 1 The

More information

Exploring Sudanese Secondary Schools Teachers Attitudes towards the Use of Arabic Language in EFL Classroom

Exploring Sudanese Secondary Schools Teachers Attitudes towards the Use of Arabic Language in EFL Classroom IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS) Volume 20, Issue 6, Ver. V (Jun. 2015), PP 72-77 e-issn: 2279-0837, p-issn: 2279-0845. www.iosrjournals.org Exploring Sudanese Secondary Schools

More information

Self Assessment and Learner Autonomy

Self Assessment and Learner Autonomy ISSN 1799-2591 Theory and Practice in Language Studies, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 46-51, January 2016 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17507/tpls.0601.06 Self Assessment and Learner Autonomy Hamid Gholami Department

More information

Investigating teachers implementation of the taskbased curriculum from a teacher cognition perspective: A case study of a Vietnamese uppersecondary

Investigating teachers implementation of the taskbased curriculum from a teacher cognition perspective: A case study of a Vietnamese uppersecondary University of Wollongong Research Online University of Wollongong Thesis Collection 1954-2016 University of Wollongong Thesis Collections 2015 Investigating teachers implementation of the taskbased curriculum

More information

THE IMPACT OF USING CLICKERS TECHNOLOGY ON CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION: STUDENTS AND TEACHERS PERSPECTIVES

THE IMPACT OF USING CLICKERS TECHNOLOGY ON CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION: STUDENTS AND TEACHERS PERSPECTIVES Canadian Journal of Action Research Volume 14, Issue 1, 2013, pages 21-37 THE IMPACT OF USING CLICKERS TECHNOLOGY ON CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION: STUDENTS AND TEACHERS PERSPECTIVES Cora Roush and Liyan Song

More information

Teachers' perceptions of students' attitudes in mixed ability EFL state primary school classes

Teachers' perceptions of students' attitudes in mixed ability EFL state primary school classes Teachers' perceptions of students' attitudes in mixed ability EFL state primary school classes University of Cyprus Abstract This paper examines the issue of mixed ability classes in the context of English

More information

THE CONCEPT OF GENRE IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE CLASS: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE STUDENTS INTERCULTURAL COMPETENCE. MIHAELA COZMA West University of Timişoara

THE CONCEPT OF GENRE IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE CLASS: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE STUDENTS INTERCULTURAL COMPETENCE. MIHAELA COZMA West University of Timişoara DOI: 10.2478/rjes-2014-0027 THE CONCEPT OF GENRE IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE CLASS: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE STUDENTS INTERCULTURAL COMPETENCE MIHAELA COZMA West University of Timişoara Abstract: In order to communicate

More information

Evaluating a Developed Framework for Curriculum Evaluation in Oman

Evaluating a Developed Framework for Curriculum Evaluation in Oman International Journal of English Linguistics; Vol. 2, No. 6; 2012 ISSN 1923-869X E-ISSN 1923-8703 Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education Evaluating a Developed Framework for Curriculum Evaluation

More information

Assessment System in Writing Essays by Graduate Students

Assessment System in Writing Essays by Graduate Students Available online at www.sciencedirect.com ScienceDirect Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 200 ( 2015 ) 482 489 THE XXVI ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL ACADEMIC CONFERENCE, LANGUAGE AND CULTURE, 27 30 October

More information

FLUENCY AND ACCURACY IN SPOKEN ENGLISH - IMPLICATIONS FOR CLASSROOM PRACTICE IN A BILINGUAL CONTEXT. LIM SOH LAN University of Malaya

FLUENCY AND ACCURACY IN SPOKEN ENGLISH - IMPLICATIONS FOR CLASSROOM PRACTICE IN A BILINGUAL CONTEXT. LIM SOH LAN University of Malaya 1 FLUENCY AND ACCURACY IN SPOKEN ENGLISH - IMPLICATIONS FOR CLASSROOM PRACTICE IN A BILINGUAL CONTEXT LIM SOH LAN University of Malaya ABSTRACT The article is an attempt to address the need for developing

More information

PERCEPTIONS OF THE CHEMICAL ENGINEERING PROFESSION RESULTS OF AN INTERNATIONAL SURVEY

PERCEPTIONS OF THE CHEMICAL ENGINEERING PROFESSION RESULTS OF AN INTERNATIONAL SURVEY PERCEPTIONS OF THE CHEMICAL ENGINEERING PROFESSION RESULTS OF AN INTERNATIONAL SURVEY David C. Shallcross 1 Session Abstract During 2000 and 2001 more than 2500 undergraduate chemical engineering students

More information

A STUDY ON ENGLISH CLUB AS AN EXTRACURRICULAR PROGRAM AT SMPN 1 MALANG

A STUDY ON ENGLISH CLUB AS AN EXTRACURRICULAR PROGRAM AT SMPN 1 MALANG A STUDY ON ENGLISH CLUB AS AN EXTRACURRICULAR PROGRAM AT SMPN 1 MALANG Diska Fatima Virgiyanti Email: diska.violet@gmail.com State University of Malang ABSTRACT: The study was designed in a descriptive

More information

Experiential learning in the multicultural classroom as applied to a Market Research class

Experiential learning in the multicultural classroom as applied to a Market Research class Business Studies Business Studies Conference Papers coda Year 2007 Experiential learning in the multicultural classroom as applied to a Market Research class Markus Klose Whitireia Community Polytechnic,

More information

EFL Teachers Attitudes toward Communicative Language Teaching in Taiwanese College

EFL Teachers Attitudes toward Communicative Language Teaching in Taiwanese College EFL Teachers Attitudes toward Communicative Language Teaching in Taiwanese College Ming Chang Minghsin University of Science and Technology Taiwan Bio Data: Ming Chang was born in Tainan, Taiwan. She earned

More information

Redesigning an Independent Learning Course Component: Recognizing the Role of Instructor as Guide

Redesigning an Independent Learning Course Component: Recognizing the Role of Instructor as Guide Studies in Self-Access Learning Journal http://sisaljournal.org ISSN 2185-3762 Redesigning an Independent Learning Course Component: Recognizing the Role of Instructor as Guide Caroline Hutchinson, Kanda

More information

LEVEL OF AWARENESS OF THE MARITIME STUDENTS ON THE OUTCOMES BASED EDUCATION

LEVEL OF AWARENESS OF THE MARITIME STUDENTS ON THE OUTCOMES BASED EDUCATION Educational Research International ISSN-L: 2307-3713, ISSN: 2307-3721 Vol. 2 No.. 1 August 2013 LEVEL OF AWARENESS OF THE MARITIME STUDENTS ON THE OUTCOMES BASED EDUCATION Dennis A. Caguimbal 1, Dexter

More information

The National Target Program on Vocational Training Projects

The National Target Program on Vocational Training Projects 2014/SOM1/HRDWG/SEM/009 The National Target Program on Vocational Training Projects Submitted by: Viet Nam Seminar on Youth Skills Development Ningbo, China 17 February 2014 Khuong Thi Nhan Vice Director

More information

VOCABULARY LEARNING STRATEGIES: A CASE OF JORDAN UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. Fadi Maher Al-Khasawneh ABSTRACT

VOCABULARY LEARNING STRATEGIES: A CASE OF JORDAN UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. Fadi Maher Al-Khasawneh ABSTRACT VOCABULARY LEARNING STRATEGIES: A CASE OF JORDAN UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ABSTRACT The present article represents the various vocabulary learning strategies employed by Jordanian students at

More information