REWIN activities and outputs

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "REWIN activities and outputs"

Transcription

1 REWIN activities and outputs Dr. Stefan Salhofer Final Conference, May 13 th 2015 A project funded by the European Union

2 Introduction Primary resources Electronics production industry Secondary materials production waste Large generators WEEE Recycling facilities Informal collection formal collection Households 2

3 Targets Linking supply and demand of secondary raw materials in electronic production and recycling (chain approach). The development of an adequate recycling infrastructure for WEEE as post consumer waste and secondary raw materials from electronic producing industry. The development of a knowledge structure on Design for Recycling between the recyclers and the electronic producing industry 3

4 Consortium BOKU University Vienna (consortium leader) university (A) BUCEA University of Civil Engineering and Architecture of Beijing university (CN) RWS Rijkswaterstaat state agency (NL) NSWMC (MEP) National Solid Waste Management Centre of China state agency (NL) CEEA China Electronics Enterprises Association producer association (NL) JZEPB Jingzhou Environmental Protection Bureau state agency (NL) 4

5 Consortium Associated partners Ministry of Environmental Protection (CN) National Waste Management Association (CN) National Environmental Industrial Association (CN) Local waste management authorities and local electronics enterprises associations from the target provinces of Guangdong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Hubei. 5

6 Tasks (1) WASTE TRACKING SYSTEM research training implementation Waste tracking systems in EU member states Waste list Waste tracking system in CN (e-wts) Train-the-trainer on e-wts e-wts online Regional training courses on e-wts Recyclers in e-wts 6

7 e WTS Based on an analysis of waste tracking systems in Europe a system (e WTS) was developed Through a web portal recyclers provide information on input and output material streams for monitoring Tested and implemented Training for recyclers and local authorities Training toolkits on e WTS, Guidelines 7

8 Training programs

9 Tasks (2) research training implementation CLOSING MATERIAL CYCLES Case studies MFA at electronics producers and recyclers Training on MFA SMEP MFA guideline Action plans Best practice DfR Training on DfR 9

10 What is MFA? Material Flow Analysis is a systematic assessment of the flows and stocks of materials (goods and substances) within a system defined in space and time. It connects the sources, the pathways and the intermediate and final sinks of a material. If substances are considered we can also call it Substance Flow Analysis. Source: TU Vienna, stan2web.net 10

11 Material Flow Analysis (MFA) approach 11

12 MFA case study Results: 10 MFA case studies, MFA guideline 12

13 SMEP 13

14 Tasks (2) research training implementation CLOSING MATERIAL CYCLES Case studies MFA at electronics producers and recyclers Training on MFA SMEP MFA guideline Action plans Best practice DfR Training on DfR 14

15 Design for Recycling 15

16 Tasks (3) WEEE collection research training implementation Analysis of existing (formal and informal) collection schemes in PRC Identify best practice (in EU) - Technical standards for WEEE collection in CN WEEE recycling State-of-the art in WEEE recycling in EU To develop adopted recycling standards in PRC - Technical standards for WEEE recycling in CN Policy dialogue and dissemination - - Stakeholder dialogue Policy framework 16

17 WEEE collection Existing collection schemes for WEEE in China Collection fromlarge generators (public institutions) is regulated by the National Regulation on State Owned Assets Management Collection from other sources (households, business) today is dominated by the informal sector 17

18 WEEE collection Formal collection Initiated as pilots (through retailers and collection companies, OfN, ) Collection service by recyclers (individual cases) Internet applications to support collection Specific case: collection scheme for mobile phones (market driven, for remanufacturing, resale) 18

19 WEEE collection 19/03/

20 WEEE collection case studies at enterprise level Recycler No 20

21 Financial aspects Europe Collection costs are only a part of the overall costs: - Collection and logistics - Treatment - Office, communication, 21 overhead

22 Tasks (3) WEEE collection research training implementation Analysis of existing (formal and informal) collection schemes in PRC Identify best practice (in EU) - Technical standards for WEEE collection in CN WEEE recycling State-of-the art in WEEE recycling in EU To develop adopted recycling standards in PRC - Technical standards for WEEE recycling in CN Policy dialogue and dissemination - - Stakeholder dialogue Policy framework 22

23 Recycling standards 23

24 Recycling standards Large appliances, e.g. washing machines In Europe removal of hazardous component by dismantling (capacitor, Hg component) mechanical processing by shredder & separation technologies In China Manual dismantling 24

25 Recycling standards Cooling & freezing, e.g. refrigerators, AC In Europe dedicated installations to remove CFCs from the cooling circle Removal from insulation (encapsulated cutting mill, underpressure), followed by mechanical processing In China Same technology 25

26 Recycling standards Small WEEE, e.g. PCs In Europe dismantling or mechanical break up and sorting for hazardous components and valuable materials mechanical processing Specific processing of PCB (!) In China Manual dismantling, only partly processing of PCBs 26

27 Recycling standards Screens, ie. CRT In Europe dismantling specific treatment to separate glass Mechanical processing In China Manual dismantling, glass separation, partly further processing (plastics, PCBs) 27

28 State of the art in WEEE recycling 28

29 Results e WTS as a monitoring tool established and in use Secondary Materials Exchange Platform (SMEP) to link supply and demand of secondary raw materials developed Analysis of collection systems for WEEE: WEEE from large generators regulated, WEEE from households mainly collected through informal sector Recycling: considerable amounts recycled in the designated recycling facilities, 1 st level treatment similar to European Training toolkit and Best practice examples for the use of secondary materials and Design for Recycling developed 29

30 Thank you for your attention! Contact: Dr. Stefan Salhofer BOKU University Vienna 30