SECTION -1: POPULATION

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1 SECTION -1: POPULATION This section contains 25 tables providing information on some selected demographic characteristics of rural population including totals, Sex ratio, Vital rates and Expectancy of life. HIGHLIGHTS 1.1: figures for the years 1981, 1991, 2001 and 2011 both for males and females and also for rural and urban areas, are reported. 1.2 : Data on number of states, districts, towns and villages in India in 2001 & 2011 are presented. 1.3 Percentage of population living in villages of various population size with reference to the total rural population : Percentage of villages and population by class of villages in 2001 and :State-wise population in 2011 and Decadal Growth during are shown. 1.6:State-wise rural population data for the years 2001 & 2011 are given. 1.7: State-wise decadal growth rate for rural population and are presented. 1.8:Table presents the data on rural child population in the age group of 0-6 years for the year :Percentage share of total population by residence in 2001 & 2011 are presented. 1.10:Table presents percentage share of rural child population (0-6 years) state-wise for 2001 & :Data on child sex-ratio are presented state-wise in rural areas for 2001 & :Data on population aged 7 years and above are presented in this Table state-wise for :State-wise population density information for 2001 & 2011 is shown. 1.14:State-wise data on sex ratio for 2001 & 2011 in rural and urban areas are indicated. 1.15:Data on the vital rates such as Crude Birth Rate, Crude Death Rate and Infant Mortality Rate are included for the years 2009 to 2013 separately for rural and urban areas. 1.16:Provides data on a few vital rates in rural areas for the years 2011 to 2013 in different States and UTs :Based on the Sample Registration System, estimates of the Neonatal Mortality Rates, Post- Neonatal Mortality Rates and Peri-Natal Mortality Rates are included for the years 1980 to :Contains data on Infant Mortality Rate sex-wise in rural areas for the years 2011, 2012 & 2013 in different States and UTs :Time series data on fertility indicators from 1998 to 2009 are presented at all-india level for rural and urban areas.

2 1.20: Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) ( , , , & ) 1.21:Age-specific Fertility Rates are presented for the years 2004 to : Total Fertility Rates (TFR) in 2008 & 2009 for major states are given : General Fertility Rates and Total Marital Fertility Rates are presented for the years 2005 and :Data on Expectation of Life at Birth for males and females are shown for different time periods. 1.25: Data on Expectation of Life at Birth for States and UTs are presented for the period

3 Highlights Pace of urbanization has been steadily increasing in India and 31 per cent of India s population is inhabited in urban areas in The phenomenal increase in census towns during 2011 census was also responsible for the increase in urbanization. There has been a growing tendency to create new districts in several states. Among the major states, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Karnataka are more urbanized. The rapid rural-urban migration is also responsible for significant differences in population densities between rural and urban areas. The decline in population growth rate was moderate in poverty stricken states of Bihar, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. Several states have experienced deceleration in population growth during last decade compared to 90s. Kerala has registered an impressive annual exponential growth rate of 0.48 per cent. It is disturbing to note that there was acceleration of population growth in the states of Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh. The share of small villages in total number of villages and also their share in rural population have been shrinking while that of villages with population above 5000 has been increasing. Though rural-urban disparities on vital rates are narrowing down over the years, inter-state differences continue to exist. Expectancy of life has been rising, since independence 1947 year to 2015 year it increased by 68 per cent. Among the major states, Assam, Madhya Pradesh and Orissa have been lagging behind other states in this regard. The females are better placed on this indictor. The declining trend in sex ratio has been arrested more in the urban areas than in rural areas and the recent improvements on this indicator reveal that Indian society is sensitive to the gender disparities. The sex-ratio has increased considerably by 26 points during the last decade in urban India. The current Crude Birth Rates, Infant Mortality Rates and Child Malnutrition point to the fact that India has to invest in human development heavily to realise the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

4 1. POPULATION Table 1.1: Data on Selected Parameters of India s (Number in Millions) Rural Urban Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female Total 1981 Number Percentage Sex Ratio Number Percentage Sex Ratio Number Percentage Sex Ratio Number Percentage Sex Ratio Sources: (i) G O I, Final Totals, Paper-2 of 1992, Vol. I Census of India, (ii) G O I, Census of India 2001, Provisional Totals, Paper-1 of 2001, Registrar General, India. (iii) G O I, Census of India 2011, Provisional Totals, Paper-1 of 2011, Registrar General, India.

5 Table 1.2: Number of States, Districts, Towns and Villages in India & 2011 (Number) Increase States / UTs Districts Sub-Districts Towns Statutory Towns Census Towns Villages Source: G O I, Census of India 2011, Provisional Totals, Paper-1 of 2011, Registrar General, India.

6 Table 1.3: Percentage of population living in villages of various population size with reference to the total rural population : 2011 State/Union Territory Percentage of population living in villages of population size Less than ,000-1,999 2,000-4,999 5,000-9,999 10,000- and above INDIA * Jammu & Kashmir * Himachal Pradesh Punjab Chandigarh Uttarakhand Haryana N.C.T. Delhi Rajasthan Uttar Pradesh Bihar Sikkim Arunachal Pradesh Nagaland Manipur Mizoram Tripura Meghalaya Assam West Bengal Jharkhand Odisha Chhattisgarh Madhya Pradesh Gujarat Daman & Diu Dadra & Nagar Haveli Maharashtra Andhra Pradesh Karnataka Goa Lakshadweep Kerala Tamil Nadu Puducherry Andaman & Nicobar Island Note:* The figures excludes population of areas under unlawful occupation of Pakistan and China where Census could not be taken. Source:

7 Table 1.4: Percentage of villages and population by class of villages in 2001 and 2011 State/UTs Census Year Less than ,000-1,999 2,000-4,999 5,000-9,999 10,000 and above Vill. Pop. Vill. Pop. Vill. Pop. Vill. Pop. Vill. Pop. Vill. Pop INDIA * Jammu & Kashmir * Himachal Pradesh Punjab Chandigarh Uttarakhand Haryana N.C.T. Delhi Rajasthan Uttar Pradesh Bihar Sikkim Arunachal Pradesh Nagaland Manipur Mizoram Tripura Meghalaya Assam

8 (Table 1.4 Cont..) State/ Union Territory Census Year Less than ,000-1,999 2,000-4,999 5,000-9,999 10,000 and above Vill. Pop. Vill. Pop. Vill. Pop. Vill. Pop. Vill. Pop. Vill. Pop West Bengal Jharkhand Odisha Chhattisgarh Madhya Pradesh Gujarat Daman & Diu Daddra & Nagar Haveli Maharashtra Andhra Pradesh Karnataka Goa Lakshadweep Kerala Tamil Nadu Puducherry Andaman & Nicobar Islands Note: * The figures excludes villeges and population of areas under unlawful occupation of Pakistan and China where Census could not be taken. + Exclude villages and population of Mao Meram, Paomata & Purul Sub-divisions of Manipur State. Source:

9 Table 1.5: and Decadal Growth: State-wise 2011 S.No. State/UT Total (2011) (Number in Millions) Decadal growth of population (%) Average annual exponential growth rate of population (%) Persons Male Females Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Union Territories 29. A & N Islands Chandigarh D & N Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry All-India Source: G O I, Census of India 2011, Provisional Totals, Paper-1 of 2011, Registrar General, India.

10 Table 1.6: Rural : Sex-wise and State-wise (2001 & 2011) (Number in Millions) S.No. State/UT Male Female Persons Male Females Persons 1. Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttaranchal Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Union Territories 29. A & N Islands Chandigarh D & N Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry All-India Source: G O I, Census of India 2011, Provisional Totals, Paper-2 of 2011, Registrar General, India.

11 Table 1.7: Decadal Growth Rate Rural : State-wise ( & ) (Percentage) S.No. State/UT Decadal Growth ( ) Decadal Growth ( ) Male Female Persons Male Female Persons 1 Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttaranchal Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Union Territories 29 A & N Islands Chandigarh D & N Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry All-India Source: G O I, Census of India 2011, Provisional Totals, Paper-2 of 2011, Registrar General, India.

12 Table 1.8: Rural Child (0-6 years) and Decadal Growth Rate: State-wise 2011 (Number in Millions) S.No. State/UT Rural Child (2011) Decadal Growth ( ) (%) Persons Male Females Persons Male Female 1. Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Union Territories 29. A & N Islands Chandigarh D & N Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry All-India Source: G O I, Census of India 2011, Provisional Totals, Paper-1 of 2011, Registrar General, India.

13 Table 1.9: Share of India s by Residence 2001 & 2011 S.No. State/UT Share in total population 2001 (%) Share in total population 2011 Rural Urban Rural Urban 1. Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Union Territories 29. A & N Islands Chandigarh D & N Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry All-India Source: G O I, Census of India 2011, Provisional Totals, Paper-1 of 2011, Registrar General, India.

14 Table 1.10: Percentage of Child (0-6 Years) in Total State-wise 2001 & 2011-Rural (%) S.No. State/UT Males Females Persons Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Union Territories 29. A & N Islands Chandigarh D & N Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry All-India Source: G O I, Census of India 2011, Provisional Totals, Paper-1 of 2011, Registrar General, India.

15 Table 1.11: Child Sex Ratio (0-6 Years) Rural State-wise 2011 (Females per 1000 males) S.No. State/UT Rural Sex Ratio Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Union Territories 29. A & N Islands 30. Chandigarh D & N Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry All-India Source: G O I, Census of India 2011, Provisional Totals, Paper-1 of 2011, Registrar General, India.

16 Table 1.12: Aged 7 Years and Above by Sex : 2011 (Rural +Urban) (Number in Millions) S.No. State / UT Persons Males Females Sex Ratio 1 Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Lakshadweep Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal UTs 30 Andaman & Nicobar Islands 31 Chandigarh NCT of Delhi Dadra & Nagar Haveli Daman & Diu Puducherry INDIA Source: G O I, Census of India 2011, Provisional Totals, Paper-1 of 2011, Registrar General, India.

17 Table 1.13: State-Wise Density 2001 & 2011 (Rural +Urban) (Persons per Sq. Km) S.No. State/UT Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Union Territories 29. A & N Islands Chandigarh D & N Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry All-India Source: G O I, Census of India 2011, Provisional Totals, Paper-1 of 2011, Registrar General, India.

18 Table 1.14: Sex ratio- State-wise 2001 & 2011 (Females per 1000 males) S.No. State/UT Rural Urban Total Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Union Territories 29. A & N Islands Chandigarh D & N Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry All-India Source: G O I, Census of India 2011, Provisional Totals, Paper-1 of 2011, Registrar General, India.

19 Table 1.15: Vital Rates - All India (2009 to 2013) S. No. 1. Crude Birth Rate (Per 1000 per year) 2. Crude Death Rate (Per 1000 per year) 3. Natural Growth Rate (Per 1000 per year) 4. Infant Mortality Rate (Per 1000 Live Births) Rural Urban Overall Rural Urban Overall Rural Urban Overall Rural Urban Overall Rural Urban Overall Source: G O I, Sample Registration System Bulletin 2014, Registrar General, India.

20

21 Table 1.16: Vital Rates in Rural Areas - State-wise (2011 to 2013) S.No. State/UT Birth Rate (per 1000 population per year) Death Rate (per 1000 population per year) Natural Growth Rate (per 1000 population per year) Infant Mortality Rate (per 1000 Live Births) Bigger States 1. Andhra Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Delhi Gujarat Haryana Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Tamil Nadu Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Smaller States 20. Arunachal Pradesh Goa Himachal Pradesh Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Sikkim Tripura Uttarakhand Union Territories 30. A & N Islands Chandigarh D & N Haveli Daman & Diu Lakshadweep Puducherry Rural India Source: G O I, Sample Registration System (SRS) Bulletin 2014, Registrar General, India.

22 Table 1.17: Infant and Child Mortality Rates - India 1980 to 2013 (Per 1000 live births) Year Infant Mortality Rate Neo-natal Mortality Rate Post Neo-natal Mortality Rural Urban Total Rural Urban Total Rural Urban Total NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

23 Year Peri-natal Mortality Rate Still Birth Rural Urban Total Rural Urban Total Infant Mortality Rate: Number of infants dying under one year of age in a year per 1000 live births of the same year. Neo-natal Mortality Rate: Number of infants dying within the first month of life (under 28 days) in a year per 1000 live births of the same year. Post neo-natal Mortality Rate: Number of infant deaths at 28 days to one year of age per 1000 live births in a given year. Peri-natal Mortality Rate: Number of still births plus deaths within 1st week of delivery per 1000 births in a year. Source: G O I, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Family Welfare Statistics in India, 2011.

24 Table 1.18: Infant Mortality Rate- Sex wise& State-wise (2011, 2012 & 2013) Rural Areas (Per 1000 Live Births) S.No. State Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female Total 1. Andhra Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Delhi Gujarat Haryana Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Tamil Nadu Uttar Pradesh West Bengal All-India Source: G O I, Sample Registration System (SRS) Bulletin, 2014, Registrar General, India.

25 Table 1.19: Fertility Indicators (1998 to 2009) All India Indicators Area General Fertility Rate (GFR) (Number of live births Rural per 1000 women) Urban General Marital Fertility Rate (GMFR) (Number of live births per 1000 married women) Total Rural Urban Total Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Children per woman) Rural Urban Total Marital Fertility Rate (TMFR) (Children per married woman) Gross Reproduction Rate (GRR) (Female children per woman) Total Rural Urban Total Rural Urban Total Source: GOI, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Family Welfare Statistics in India, 2011.

26 Table 1.20: Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) ( , , , & ) (Per 1,00,000 live births) States India Andhra Pradesh Assam Bihar/Jharkhand Gujarat Haryana Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pr/Chhattisgarh Maharashtra Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Tamil Nadu Uttar Pradesh/Uttarakhand West Bengal Mater Mortality Rate: The death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and the site of the pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management, but not from accidental or incidental causes. Source: GOI, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Family Welfare Statistics in India, 2011.

27 Table 1.21: Age-specific Fertility Rates (ASFR*) and Age-specific Marital Fertility Rates (ASMFR**) Rural India (2004 to 2009) Age Groups Rural ASFR ASMFR ASFR ASMFR ASFR ASMFR ASFR ASMFR ASFR ASMFR ASFR ASMFR *: Number of live births in a year to 1000 women. **: Number of live births in a year to 1000 married women. Source: G O I, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Family Welfare Statistics in India, 2011.

28 Sl. No. Table 1.22: Fertility and Gross Reproduction Rates (2008 & 2009) for Major States and India (Rural & Urban) State Years General Total Fertility Rate Fertility (TFR) Rate(GFR) (live births (Births per woman) per 1000 women) Gross Reproduction Rate (GRR) (Female children per woman) Rural Urban Total Rural Urban Total Rural Urban Total Andhra Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Delhi Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu &Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Tamil Nadu Uttar Pradesh West Bengal ALL INDIA Source: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Family Welfare Statistics in India 2011.

29 Table 1.23: General Marital Fertility Rate and Total Marital Fertility Rates In Rural Areas of Major States (2005 & 2009) General Marital Fertility Rate (GMFR) (No. of live births per 1000 married women) Total Marital Fertility Rate (TMFR) (Children born per woman) Andhra Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Delhi Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Tamil Nadu Uttar Pradesh West Bengal India General Marital Fertility Rate (GMFR): Number of live births per 1000 married women in the reproductive age-group (15-49 years) in a given year. Total Marital Fertility Rate (TMFR) : Average number of children that would be born to a married woman if she experiences the current fertility pattern throughout her reproductive span (15-49 years) Source: GOI, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Family Welfare Statistics in India, 2011.

30 Table 1.24: Expectation of Life at Birth in India ( to ) S.No. Period Expectation of life at birth (in years) Male Female Person * * * * * * * (P) (P) NA (P) NA (P) NA (P) NA (P) NA (P) NA P: Projected NA : Not Available * Excludes Jammu and Kashmir Source: G O I, Ministry o f Health and Family Welfare, Family Welfare Statistics in India, 2011.

31 Years Rural Development Statistics Fig. 1.1: Expectation of Life at birth in India ( to ) Male Female Period

32 Table 1.25: Expectation of Life at Birth by Sex State-wise ( ) States (in Years) Total Rural Urban Total Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females India Andhra Pradesh Assam Bihar Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Tamil Nadu Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Source: G O I, Ministry o f Health and Family Welfare, Family Welfare Statistics in India, 2011.