GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF WOMEN AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT LOK SABHA UNSTARRED QUESTION NO TO BE ANSWERED ON

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1 GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF WOMEN AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT LOK SABHA UNSTARRED QUESTION NO TO BE ANSWERED ON MALNUTRITION AMONG WOMEN/GIRLS AND CHILDREN 2759: SHRI SATISH CHANDRA DUBEY SHRI BHARTRUHARI MAHTAB SHRIMATI NEELAM SONKER SHRI RAJU SHETTY Will the Minister of WOMEN AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT be pleased to state: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) whether the malnutrition among women/girls including pregnant and lactating mothers and children has increased across the country in recent years and is highest in the world, if so, the details thereof indicating the outcome of surveys/reports made in this regard, State/UT-wise and the reasons therefor; the number of deaths from malnutrition reported in the country during the said period, State/UT-wise indicating the study, if any, conducted by the Government/NCPCR thereon; whether the schemes launched by the Government for eradication of malnutrition have achieved the desired results during the said period and if so, the details thereof, scheme-wise and if not, the reasons therefor; whether the Government has provided adequate funds under the schemes to combat malnutrition during the said period, if so, the details thereof, scheme and State/UTwise and if not, the reasons therefor; whether the cases of irregularities/corruption under the said schemes have been reported during the said period and if so, the details thereof, State/UT-wise along with the action taken thereon; and the other steps taken by the Government to make the country malnutrition free? ANSWER MINISTER OF WOMEN AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT (SHRIMATI MANEKA SANJAY GANDHI) (a) (b) As per The State of the World s Children 2016 Report published by United Nations International Children Emergency Fund (UNICEF), India ranks 10 th in terms of underweight prevalence and 17 th in terms of stunting prevalence in the world. The data regarding number of deaths from malnutrition is not maintained by this Ministry. However, malnutrition is a multi-faceted problem and is not a direct cause of death but contributes to mortality and morbidity by reducing resistance to

2 infections. However, as per the information received from NCPCR, 14 complaints relating to deaths of children due malnutrition have been received by NCPCR during the last three years and the current year. The State/UT-wise details are at Annexure-I. (c) (d) (e) (f) National Family Health Surveys conducted periodically assess the nutritional status of the population over a period of time which is an outcome of the impact of all the schemes of the Government intended to bring about improvement in the nutritional status. The latest National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4), shows a decline in the prevalence of malnutrition in the country as compared to NFHS-3 data, which is an outcome of the various schemes implemented by the Government towards this goal. Adequate funds have been provided under the schemes to combat malnutrition implemented by this Ministry,i.e.,Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme, Scheme for Adolescent Girls and Maternity Benefit Programme. The State/UT-wise details of funds under the schemes is Annexure-II, III and IV. During the last three years and the current year, a total of 25 cases of irregularities/corruption have been reported in the ICDS scheme, which have been forwarded to respective State/UT to take further necessary action. The State/UT-wise details are at Annexure-V. No cases of irregularities/corruption have been reported under the Scheme for Adolescent Girls and Maternity Benefit Programme. In addition to the aforesaid nutrition-centric schemes, the Food and Nutrition Board of the Ministry, through its regional field units, is engaged in conducting training programmes in nutrition, advocacy towards generating awareness through nutrition education programmes on the importance of healthy balanced diets through the use of locally available foods, and mass awareness campaigns. **********

3 Annexure-I State/UT-wise details of complaints received in NCPCR concerning deaths of children due to malnutrition during the last three years and the current year. Year State/UT Total No. of complaints relating to deaths of children due to malnutrition Uttar Pradesh 1 Madhya Pradesh Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh 1 Odisha 2 Madhya Pradesh 4 Rajasthan 1 Maharashtra 1 Total: 14

4 Annexure-II Funds released for Supplementary Nutrition (SNP) under ICDS Scheme during the last three years Rupees in lakh S.No State/UTs Funds released Funds released Funds released 1 Andhra Pradesh Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Tamil Nadu Telangana Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal A & N Islands Chandigarh Dadra & N Haveli Daman & Diu Lakshadweep Delhi Puducherry Arunachal Pradesh Assam Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Sikkim Tripura Total

5 Annexure-III Amount released/utilised under the Scheme for Adolescent Girls during last three years (Rs. in lakh) S.No. States/UTs Released Released Released (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) 1 Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Telangana Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttaranchal West Bengal A&N Islands Chandigarh Daman & Diu D & NH Delhi Lakshdweep Puducherry Total

6 Annexure-IV State/UT-wise details of funds released under Maternity Benefits Programme during the last three years S. No. Name of the States/UTs (Rupees in Lakh) (Rupees in Lakh) (Rupees in Lakh) 1 Andhra Pradesh , Arunachal Pradesh Assam , Bihar , Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat , Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh , Maharashtra , Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha , Punjab Rajasthan , Sikkim Tamil Nadu , Telangana - 1, Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal , Delhi Andaman & Nicobar Islands 32 Puducherry Chandigarh Daman & Diu Dadra & Nagar Haveli Lakshadweep Total ,

7 Annexure-V Year-wise details of cases of irregularities/corruption received from States/UTs State/UTs Bihar 1 Chhattisgarh 1 Gujarat 1 Haryana 1 Jharkhand 1 Madhya Pradesh 5 Maharashtra Odisha 1 Uttar Pradesh 4 Uttarakhand 2 Chandigarh 1 Assam 2 Meghalaya 1 TOTAL