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2 Introduction ALL INDIA REPORT 1

3 Introduction 2 ALL INDIA REPORT

4 Introduction Message ALL INDIA REPORT 3

5 Introduction 4 ALL INDIA REPORT

6 Introduction Message The Economic Census provides a count of all establishments engaged in (Dr. Pronab Sen) ALL INDIA REPORT 5

7 Introduction 6 ALL INDIA REPORT

8 Introduction Preface (T. C. A. Anant) ALL INDIA REPORT 7

9 Introduction 8 ALL INDIA REPORT

10 Introduction Highlights The Sixth Economic Census (EC) covered all States and Union Territories of Indian Union. Fieldwork was conducted during January, 2013 to April, 2014 in collaboration with State/UT Governments. The EC enumerated all establishments engaged in various agricultural and non-agricultural activities excluding crop production, plantation, public administration, defence and compulsory social security. Enumeration Blocks of Population Census, 2011 were used as the primary geographical units for collection of data. Data for handicraft/handloom establishments were collected for the first time. Total number of establishments counted is about 58.5 million. Nearly 59.9% of the establishments belong to rural areas. About 20.5% of the establishments operate from outside household without fixed structure. About 3.8% of the establishments are engaged in handicraft/ handloom activities. Growth rate in number of establishments over Fifth EC (2005) is 41.7%. Total number of persons employed is about 128 million with rural share of 51.9%. Percentage of hired workers is about 45.7%. Percentage of female workers is 25.6%. Growth rate in total employment over Fifth EC (2005) is 34.4%. ALL INDIA REPORT 9

11 Introduction 10 ALL INDIA REPORT

12 Introduction Contents Sr. No. Items Page No. 1 Introduction 1 2 Provisional Results of Sixth Economic Census 17 3 Annexure I: State/UT wise Tables Containing Provisional Results of Sixth Economic Census 25 4 Annexure II: Concepts & Definitions of Important Terms 35 5 Annexure III: Schedules of Sixth Economic Census 37 6 Annexure IV: Statement Showing State/UT wise Period of Fieldwork during Fifth & Sixth Economic Censuses 49 7 Annexure V: List of Officers of Economic Statistics Division (ESD), Central Statistics Office (CSO) associated with Sixth Economic Census 50 ALL INDIA REPORT 11

13 Introduction 12 ALL INDIA REPORT

14 Introduction ALL INDIA REPORT 13

15 Introduction 14 ALL INDIA REPORT

16 Introduction SIXTH ECONOMIC CENSUS Introduction Economic Census (EC) is the complete count of all establishments (i.e. units engaged in production and/or distribution of goods and services not for the purpose of sole consumption) located within the geographical boundaries of the country. In India five Economic Censuses have been conducted in the past. These were conducted during 1977, 1980, 1990, 1998 and The Sixth EC was conducted during January, 2013 to April, 2014 in all the States and Union Territories of the country in collaboration with State/UT Governments. Overall guidance at all-india level was provided by Economic Census Unit of the Economic Statistics Division, Central Statistics Office (CSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MOSPI), Government of India. The Sixth EC proposes to provide up to date information on number of establishments and number of persons employed therein, activity wise, of all the sectors (excluding crop production, plantation, public administration, defence and compulsory social security) of the country including their distribution at all-india, State, district, and at village/ward levels for comprehensive analysis of the structure of the economy (micro, macro and regional levels). 2. Objectives In the fast developing Indian economy the necessity for a reliable, comprehensive and timely data pertaining to various sectors including the services sector and especially the unorganized components of the respective sectors at regular intervals, for planning and policy formulations, needs no emphasis. In a vast country like India with more than 58 million establishments likely to be in operation, filling up with the data gaps that do exist particularly for the unorganized segment of the economy is a real challenge. Main objectives for conduct of the Sixth Economic Census are as under: i) To provide detailed information on operational and economic variables, activity wise, of all the establishments (excluding crop production, plantation, public administration, defence and compulsory social security) of the country including its distribution at all-india, State and sub-state levels for comprehensive analysis of the structure of the economy and for benchmark purposes; To provide similar data at lower geographical levels like tehsils/villages in case of rural areas and towns/wards in case of urban areas for decentralized planning required under 73 rd and 74 th Constitutional Amendments; ii) iii) To generate information on number of exporting establishments, employing 10 or more workers, activity wise and area wise in operation; To provide information on number of workers working in establishments, activity wise and area wise in operation; ALL INDIA REPORT 1

17 Introduction iv) To provide information on number of workers working in unorganised sector (i.e. establishments employing less than ten workers); v) To provide updated Directory of Establishments employing 10 or more workers for local level planning purposes and also for using as a list frame for conduct of survey of such establishments in the non-manufacturing/services sector; and vi) To provide an up to date area frame containing information on number of establishments and number of workers by industry, by type of ownership of the establishments, etc at the village/block level, from which sample villages/blocks could be drawn as the primary sampling units for collecting detailed information about the establishments in the follow-up sample surveys of establishments. The activities covered in the Sixth Economic Census have a share of about 86% in total GDP of the country. 3. Scope and Coverage The Sixth EC was conducted in all the States/UTs. All economic activities (agricultural and non-agricultural), except those involved in crop production and plantation, public administration, defense and compulsory social security, related to production and/or distribution of goods and/or services other than for the sole purpose of own consumption were covered. However, as were done in earlier censuses, the following activities were kept out of the purview of the Sixth EC: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) Establishments of shelter-less and nomadic population, which keep on moving from place to place and camp either without shelter or with makeshift shelter. Establishments engaged in some illegal activities like smuggling, gambling, beggary, prostitution, etc. Domestic servants, whether they work in one household or in a number of households, drivers, etc. who undertake jobs for others on wages. All wage-paid employees of casual nature. Household members engaged in household chores. Persons doing different types of jobs depending on the availability of work e.g. loading, unloading, helping a mason or a carpenter, doing earthwork for a contractor. Household members working for other households and earning some money which is insignificant. Households in which none of the members is engaged in any gainful activity i.e. households depending on remittance, rent, interest, pension etc. 4. Committees and Working Groups at Central Level A Standing Committee was constituted under the Chairmanship of Chief Statistician of India & 2 ALL INDIA REPORT

18 Introduction Secretary, MOSPI, to look into various aspects and provide overall direction and guidance for conduct of Sixth Economic Census. The Members of the Committee for the Sixth Economic Census inter-alia include Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India, Adviser (Financial Resources) and Adviser (Perspective Planning) both from the Planning Commission, Chief Economic Adviser, Ministry of Finance and other officers of the level of Additional Secretary/ Joint Secretary of the Central Ministries/Departments concerned like Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, Commerce and Industry, Women & Child Development, Panchayati Raj, Rural Development and Labour & Employment as well as DG (CSO), DG & CEO (NSSO), Additional DGs heading National Accounts Division, Social Statistics Division, Training Division, Field Operations Division, Survey Design and Research Division, Data Processing Division, DDG (Computer Centre) and DDG (CSO IS Wing). Six State Governments namely, Jammu & Kashmir, Assam, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal were represented by their respective Directors General/ Directors from Directorate of Economics & Statistics. The Standing Committee also included other experts from esteemed educational institutions in the field of Statistics and Economics and Ex-DGs of CSO. The Committee was assisted by a Working Group headed by Prof. S. P. Mukherjee, Retired Professor and Head, Department of Statistics, Calcutta University for development of concepts & definitions, strategy for conduct of field work, tabulation of data and dissemination of results. All the technical and secretarial assistance to the Committees and Working Group was provided by the Economic Census Unit of Economic Statistics Division, CSO. 5. Co-ordination Committees at State/District Level State Level Co-ordination Committees (SLCC) under the chairmanship of Chief Secretaries/ Development Commissioners and District Level Coordination Committees (DLCC) under the chairmanship of District Collectors were constituted to review the progress of work and take appropriate measures for smooth conduct of the Sixth EC within the prescribed time frame for different activities. 6. Inter- Ministerial Consultations/ Appraisal Consultations were held with the stakeholders and other line ministries during finalization of various aspects of Sixth EC. Several suggestions from them were incorporated in the design of the Schedules to suit their respective needs. The Ministries/Departments/Organizations consulted were as under: i. Ministry of Labour and Employment; ii. O/o Registrar General of India, Ministry of Home Affairs; iii. DIPP, Ministry of Commerce & Industry; iv. Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance; v. Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance; vi. Ministry of Corporate Affairs; ALL INDIA REPORT 3

19 Introduction vii. viii. ix. Ministry of Rural Development; Ministry of Panchayati Raj; Planning Commission; x. Ministry of Women and Child Development; xi. xii. Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME); and DESs of State/UT Governments. Representatives of most of the Ministries consulted are the members of Standing Committee of Sixth Economic Census, formed under the Chairmanship of Chief Statistician of India & Secretary (MOSPI), to provide overall direction and guidance for conduct of Sixth EC. 7. Changes Made in the Sixth Economic Census i) Coverage: The practice followed since the Second EC to cover all agricultural activities excluding crop production and plantation was continued in the Sixth EC; In case of non-agricultural activities, establishments engaged in public administration, defense and compulsory social security activities were excluded during Sixth EC as such information is already available with the Government and also due to the difficulties faced in collecting information from such establishments during the Fifth EC. ii) Changes Made in the Schedules: In Sixth EC two schedules were canvassed, viz., i) House and Establishment Listing Schedule(6A) and ii) Directory of Establishment Schedule (6C) (See Annexure-III) in place of three schedules canvassed during Fifth EC. House and Establishment Listing Schedule of Sixth EC was formed by merging House List and Enterprise Schedule of the Fifth EC. Further, the Address Slip Schedule of Fifth EC was modified and renamed as Directory of Establishment Schedule in Sixth EC for developing Business Register. The third schedule Establishment Abstract (Schedule 6B) was a derived schedule of summary information based on the information contained in House and Establishment Listing Schedule, which was required to be prepared by each enumerator. This summary information has been used to generate provisional results contained in this report. iii) Inclusion of New Items/Changes made in Main Schedule i.e., House and Establishment Listing Schedule: a. Number of members in the household (HH); b. Number of only wage earners/salaried employees in the HH; c. Number of establishments outside HH with fixed structure owned by HH members; 4 ALL INDIA REPORT

20 Introduction d. Number of establishments outside HH without fixed structure owned by HH members; e. Number of establishments inside HH owned by HH members; (Items under a to e above were included at the household level to guard against possible under-listing of establishments located within the household or those without fixed structure) f. Broad activity code (all activities divided into two-digit 24 broad activity codes); g. Three-digit NIC Codes recorded in place of four-digit NIC codes earlier, to minimize wrong reporting of NIC codes; h. Data collected for handicraft/handloom establishments for the first time; i. Information on ownership of proprietary establishments collected for transgender for the first time; j. Religion of the owner of proprietary establishments; k. Nature of operation: Non perennial was divided into casual and seasonal; and l. Bar Codes along with Form Number were used for the first time to facilitate proper accounting of canvassed schedules. iv) Items Excluded from the Main Schedule i.e., House and Establishment Listing Schedule: a. Information on subsidiary activity (only information on major activity collected); b. Power used in entrepreneurial activity (confined to Directory of Establishment schedule); c. Registration code (confined to Directory of Establishment schedule); d. Number of children (male/female) usually working. v) New Items Added in Directory of Establishment Schedule: a. Does a computer and/or internet facility exist in the establishment? b. Whether using power in production of goods and services? c. Whether an exporting unit? d. Address of main office along with that of branch office with PAN and TAN numbers e. Registration information under 9 codes. ALL INDIA REPORT 5

21 Introduction 8. Other Important Changes Made/ Decisions i) Enumeration Blocks (EBs) of Population Census 2011 were used as primary geographical units for both urban and rural areas for the purpose of listing of establishments. In most of the earlier ECs, UFS (Urban Frame Survey) Blocks of NSSO were taken as the primary geographical units for urban areas. Use of EBs would facilitate the linking of Census 2011 database with that of Sixth EC at the lower geographical levels like EBs and wards. It is likely to enhance the utility of Sixth EC data. ii) Reference period for counting number of persons employed: In Fifth EC, last year / season was taken. For Sixth EC, number of persons employed on the last working day has been considered. iii) iv) Minimum qualification for enumerators and supervisors was prescribed for the first time for better understanding of the terms used in schedules and for ensuring proper collection of data. The minimum qualifications are as under: Qualification of Enumerators: Higher Secondary Qualification of Supervisors: Graduation Schedules in 15 languages were designed through National Institute of Design (NID), Ahmedabad. Further, NID also developed a Logo for Sixth EC. The Logo has four elements viz. factory, gears, writing hand and common people. The factory symbolizes large scale industry, the gears symbolize the work and functionality with reference to economy and the Common people represent small scale industry. The writing hand represents recording of the census data. The green colour shows ecology and the blue represents industrial functioning. v) Nearly five crore schedules were got printed centrally by CSO and requisite number of schedules supplied to District Statistical Offices(DSO)/Head Quarters of DESs of all the States/UTs for maintaining uniformity in the schedules to facilitate proper data processing. vi) vii) viii) A Census Kit containing plastic folders for each of the three schedules, board, pencils, ball pens, sharpener, eraser, markers, chalk box, clips and calculator was provided to each enumerator and supervisor for safe keeping and facilitating proper collection of information. The NIC coding in Column 13 of the House and Establishment Listing Schedule-6A has been done by trained staff of DESs at respective DSOs. Information contained in Directory of Establishment Schedule is entered by trained officials of DSO for ensuring correct and complete addresses. Software was developed and training provided for it by Computer Centre, MOSPI. 6 ALL INDIA REPORT

22 Introduction ix) Abridged House List (AHL) and Layout Maps (LMs) of Census 2011 EBs were provided to the Enumerators to facilitate proper coverage. x) Wide publicity was made through print, audio and video media to communicate the masses about the importance of Sixth EC and soliciting their co-operation in data collection. xi) xii) Data collected was inspected at all levels and the same was cross validated by using information available with alternative sources such as number of industrial and commercial electricity connections at State/District level and Registrations in District Industries Centers and results based on NSS Reports in order to increase credibility of the information collected in the Census. Computer Centre, CSO would undertake validation and tabulation of data of Sixth EC using the relevant Software, with connectivity provided to all the State/UT DESs, so that all State/UT Specific and All India tables of Sixth EC may be generated with drag and drop operations. 9. All-India Conference An All-India Conference of State Secretaries in-charge of Planning & Statistics and Directors of Directorates of Economics & Statistics to discuss various issues relating to implementation of the scheme was organized on in New Delhi. Inauguration of All-India Conference of State/UT Planning Secretaries & Directors, DESs on in New Delhi ALL INDIA REPORT 7

23 Introduction 10. Training The Ministry conducted seven regional trainings each of two days duration, covering theory and field trainings for core group of Trainers consisting of officers from CSO, NSSO and senior officers from Directorates of Economics & Statistics of State/UT Governments at Guwahati, Shimla, Bhopal, Puducherry, Thiruvananthapuram, Tripura, and Ranchi during August, 2012 April, A representative from Craft Council of India also participated in all the trainings and provided instructions/clarifications regarding handicraft/handloom items for proper identification and listing of handicraft/handloom activities in the Census. Subsequently, one officer from CSO/NSSO and two officers from State/UT Governments imparted training to the State and district officials who in turn provided training to the field functionaries like Charge officers, enumerators and supervisors. A 40 Minutes documentary for imparting training to enumerators and supervisors was developed through Directorate of Audio and Visual Publicity (DAVP) in Hindi language and thereafter dubbed in 13 regional languages and also in English, with a message of Hon ble Minister (IC), MOSPI. The CDs of the Documentary were distributed at District level. This was found very useful in communicating uniform instructions to the field staff. 8 ALL INDIA REPORT

24 Introduction Regional Level Training of Trainers during September 2012 at Puducherry Regional Training Programme for Master Trainers of Economic Census 2013 being inaugurated by Sri K Joe Cyriac IAS (Chief Secretary, Kerala) on 28 February ALL INDIA REPORT 9

25 Introduction 11. Publicity In order to convey and spread information regarding the economic census and especially to ensure that all establishments including corporate units and self-employed persons in the primary (excluding crop production and plantation), secondary and tertiary sectors are fully aware of its importance, participate actively in it and cooperate well with the enumerators and the economic census agencies advertisements were made by the CSO and all the States/UTs using the media like newspapers, radio and TV channels to provide impetus to the census operation and spread knowledge about it. To have proper impact on the masses 60 second video and audio clippings were prepared. Thereafter audio clippings were dubbed in all regional languages. This apart, 4 video clippings were developed separately in 4 regions and later on dubbed in the regional languages spoken in those areas. Besides, advertisement (appeal) with request for seeking public cooperation was issued in newspapers throughout the country through the Directorate of Audio and Visual Publicity, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. In addition to this, publicity measures were also undertaken by the State/UT Governments, so as to provide wide popularity to the census operation and spread knowledge about its utility and ensuring cooperation. 12. Field Operation The fieldwork of Sixth EC started in November, 2012 on pilot basis in some blocks of Assam and Puducherry. Thereafter, it was conducted in the entire country during January, April, About 7 lakh enumerators and 3 lakh supervisors were deployed to collect information from the entire country comprising about 25 lakh Population Census EBs. These enumerators and supervisors were provided comprehensive training. About 20,000 training programmes, each with a participation of around 50 persons, were organized. For listing purposes, all houses/ households/establishments were visited. Establishments with fixed structures were listed at the place of their operation. On the other hand, economic activities that are carried out without any fixed structures were covered/ listed at the place of the residence of the owner. All types of establishments (perennial, seasonal and casual), existing on the date of census, although may not be in operation on the day due to certain reasons, were covered in the census. The data were collected from all the entrepreneurs and usual households. The work of the enumerators was supervised by high level officers. For collection of information on number of workers employed, information as on last working day was collected during visit by the enumerator. For information on major sources of finance, the outstanding loan against the agency on the day of visit was considered. Concepts and definitions of important terms used in the Sixth EC are given at Annexure-II. 10 ALL INDIA REPORT

26 Introduction 13. Schedules Canvassed Three schedules namely (i) House and Establishment Listing Schedule, (ii) Establishment Abstract, and (iii) Directory of Establishment Schedule were used in the Sixth EC (Schedule formats are given at Annexure-III). 14. Data Validation The quality of Census results hinges upon seriousness, dedication and honesty of enumerators and supervisors. To ensure the quality of work carried out by the enumerators, sample inspections by CSO, NSSO and State DES Officials were put in place at the time of fieldwork as a part of concurrent data validation and also after the field work. Further, with a view to ensuring complete coverage of all establishments, attempts were made to cross-validate the data of Sixth EC with those available from the following sources: a) Estimated number of establishments/workers as per 67 th round of NSS (Survey on Unincorporated Non-agricultural Establishments Excluding Construction); b) Number of industrial and commercial connections given by the Electricity Department; and c) Number of units registered with District Industries Centre. Further, to strengthen concurrent data validation, sample inspections by CSO, NSSO and State DES Officials were also put in place at the time of fieldwork and thereafter. Inspection of Field work by Dr. G.C. Manna, Addl. DG, ESD and Prof. S.P. Mukherjee, Chairman, WG on 6th EC at East Medinipur (West Bengal) ALL INDIA REPORT 11

27 Introduction Inspection of Field Work by Shri Sunil Jain, DDG at Ajmer (Rajasthan) Inspection of Field Work at Khargone (M.P.) and Pilibhit (U.P.) by officers of ESD, CSO. 15. Release of Directory of Establishments and All India Report Directory of establishments with 10 or more workers covering all the States and UTs would be released by December, 2014 and All India Report based on the data collected through House and Establishment Listing Schedule is planned to be released by March, Data Processing M/s HCL Info system has been assigned the work of scanning and data capturing. As per arrangements entire scanning is being undertaken at HCL Centre created at Faridabad (Haryana), whereas, the data capturing would be decentralized. It would be undertaken at six Data Processing Centers of ORGI located at Delhi, Lucknow, Bhopal, Mumbai, Chennai and Gandhinagar. The process of Scanning and Data Capturing has started from The 12 ALL INDIA REPORT

28 Introduction Computer Centre of the Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation is undertaking the complete tabulation work. 17. Tabulation Plan The Tabulation Plan for All India Report and Reports to be brought out by State/UT Governments has been approved by the Standing Committee. The Computer Centre, MOSPI would undertake the activity of generation of tables using the relevant software and drag and drop method. The access of the software would be made available at 50 locations. This apart, to enhance the utility of Sixth EC data, it is proposed to synchronize it with Population Census, 2011 data at the lowest geographical area level and thereafter it is proposed to be displayed on the map. 18. Classification of Activities Economic activities are assigned 3-digit codes as per National Industrial Classification (NIC) The State/UT Governments are given the responsibility to ensure proper reporting of NIC codes at district level by training their personnel. 19. Limitations of Sixth EC It was planned to complete the fieldwork of Sixth EC in each State/UT during a period of two months and the fieldwork for the entire EC covering the whole country during a period of six months. But due to stretching of fieldwork of Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC) from June, 2011 to December, 2012, the fieldwork of Sixth EC could not be started before January, Further, because of certain genuine administrative difficulties in some States/UTs, the fieldwork for the entire country could not be completed in the stipulated period of six months. Collection of information is not generally record-based but based on oral information. The factors like recall lapse and casual approach on the part of informants may lead to some non-sampling errors. Due to non availability of teachers in most of the States/UTs, the fieldwork was assigned to persons who were new to such type of work. Although certain improvements were made in the schedule to guard against under-listing of establishments (particularly the home-based units or those operating without fixed structures), data as per Sixth EC may be subject to some amount of coverage error on account of such under-listing, which is difficult to eliminate totally in a massive census operation. ***** ALL INDIA REPORT 13

29 Introduction 14 ALL INDIA REPORT

30 Introduction ALL INDIA REPORT 15

31 Provisional Results 16 ALL INDIA REPORT

32 Provisional Results PROVISIONAL RESULTS OF SIXTH ECONOMIC CENSUS [Excluding crop production, plantation, public administration, defence & compulsory social security services activities] (Figures are purely provisional) S. No. Item Rural India Urban India 1. India a) Number of establishments (in 000) 35,023 23,447 58,470 b) Percentage share 59.9% 40.1% 100.0% a) Number of establishments (in 000) i) outside household without fixed structure 7,333 4,646 11, ii) Handicraft/Handloom 1, ,193 b) Percentage share in total establishments i) outside household without fixed structure 20.94% 19.81% 20.49% ii) Handicraft/Handloom 3.69% 3.83% 3.75% Growth rate (%) in number of establishments over Fifth Economic Census* 39.28% 45.57% 41.73% a) Number of persons employed (in 000) 66,289 61, ,708 b) Percentage share 51.9% 48.1% 100.0% Percentage of hired workers in the total persons employed 34.67% 57.59% 45.69% Percentage of total female workers in the total persons employed 30.90% 19.80% 25.56% 7. Growth rate (%) in total employment over Fifth Economic Census* 31.59% 37.46% 34.35% * The intervening period of fieldwork between Fifth and Sixth ECs differ from State/UT to State/ UT. Therefore, a statement showing the respective periods of fieldwork has been given at Annexure IV for proper interpretation of data. The detailed State/UT wise provisional results are presented in six tables that are given at Annexure I. Tables 1.1 to 1.3 gives the sector wise (rural, urban and combined), State/UT wise, total number of establishments and number of total persons employed as well as total number of handicraft/handloom establishments. Table 2 gives State/UT wise, sector wise, percentages of establishments and persons employed and also percentage shares of States/ ALL INDIA REPORT 17

33 Provisional Results UTs in total number of establishments in the country and percentage shares of States/UTs in the total number of persons employed by them. Table 3 presents State/UT wise, sector wise, percentages of establishments by type of Structure. Table 4 gives State/UT wise, sector wise, number of Handicraft & Handloom establishments and their percentage distribution. Table 5 is on the State/UT wise, sector wise, percentage of hired workers and percentage of female workers. Table 6 gives State/UT wise, sector wise, growth in total number of establishments (excluding crop production, plantation, public administration, defense & compulsory social security services activities) and also in employment in 2013 (Sixth EC) as compared to 2005 (Fifth EC). Establishments As per the provisional results, there are million establishments in the country engaged in different economic activities other than crop production, plantation, public administration, defence & compulsory social security services. Out of which, million establishments (59.9%) are in rural areas and million establishments (40.1%) are in the urban areas. Five States viz. Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh together accounts for about 48% of the total number of establishments in the country. Number of Establishments Top 5 States Top 3 UTs Uttar Pradesh 6,700,736 (11.46%) Delhi 893,177 (1.53%) Maharashtra 6,125,902 (10.48%) Chandigarh 83,964 (0.14%) West Bengal 5,901,521 (10.09%) Puducherry 59,309 (0.10%) Tamil Nadu 5,052,444 (8.64%) Andhra Pradesh 4,237,310 (7.25%) Figures in bracket are percentage share in All India total 18 ALL INDIA REPORT

34 Provisional Results Establishments Outside Household Without Fixed Structure There are about million establishments accounting 20.49% of the total number of establishments, which are found to be operating from outside household without fixed structure in the country. Out of these million establishments, 7.33 million (61.2%) establishments are in rural areas and 4.65 million(38.8%) establishments are in urban areas. Major 5 States having such type of establishments are Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. They cover about 49% of the total number of establishments operating from outside households without fixed structure in the country. Handicraft/Handloom Establishments There are about Lac handicraft/handloom establishments, accounting 3.75% of the total number of establishments in the country. Out of these lac handicraft/handloom establishments, lac (59.0%) establishments are in rural areas and 8.99 lac (41.0 %) establishments are in urban areas. Major 5 States for handicraft/handloom establishments are West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, and Odisha in the order stated. These five States together account for about 54% of the total number of handicraft/handloom establishments in the country. ALL INDIA REPORT 19

35 Provisional Results Employment Total number of persons employed in all the establishments (excluding crop production, plantation, public administration, defense & compulsory social security services activities) is about million, out of which, million persons (51.9%) are employed in rural areas and million persons (48.1%) are employed in the urban areas. Five States, namely, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, and Gujarat have the combined share of about 46.63% of total employment at the country level. Total Employment Top 5 States Top 3 UTs Maharashtra 14,374,619 (11.26%) Delhi 2,984,850 (2.34%) Uttar Pradesh 13,750,866 (10.77%) Chandigarh 238,974 (0.19%) West Bengal 11,544,664 (9.04%) Puducherry 217,694 (0.17%) Tamil Nadu 10,809,878 (8.46%) Gujarat 9,063,569 (7.10%) Figures in bracket are percentage share in All India Total At the country level, hired workers account for about 45.69% of the total persons employed and corresponding figures in the rural and urban areas are 34.67% and 57.59% respectively. While female workers account for about 25.56% of the total persons employed, corresponding figures in the rural and urban areas are 30.90% and 19.80% respectively. 20 ALL INDIA REPORT

36 Provisional Results Growth in Establishments and Employment The overall growth rate in number of establishments during the intervening period of Fifth EC (2005) and Sixth EC (2013) is 41.73%. Corresponding percentage growths in number of establishments in the rural and urban areas of the country are 39.28% and 45.57% respectively. State/UT wise corresponding growth rates in number of establishments and employment are shown in Table 6 of Annexure I. It is to be noted in this context that the intervening period between the two ECs varies from State/UT to State/UT. Accordingly, for proper comparison of growth rates or for working out the average annual growth rates at the State/UT level, the State/ UT wise actual period of fieldwork for each of Fifth EC and Sixth EC is given in Annexure-IV. Among the States, more than 60% growth in number of establishments has been observed in Manipur (109.37%), Sikkim (102.92%), Assam (100.17%), Nagaland (78.74%), Telangana (78.70%), Uttar Pradesh (67.80%), Gujarat (67.07%) and Himachal Pradesh (60.98%). ALL INDIA REPORT 21

37 Provisional Results At the country level, the growth rate in total employment during the intervening period of two Economic Censuses is 34.35% and the corresponding percentages in respect of rural and urban areas are 31.59% and 37.46% respectively. The States of Manipur, Assam, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir have recorded over 60% growth in total employment. It may be seen from Table 6 of Annexure-I that the growth rates for rural areas of certain States/ UTs are negative. One major reason for the same could be due to the fact that certain areas which were treated as part of rural during the Fifth EC, might have formed part of urban areas in the Sixth EC. So far as urban areas of States/ UTs are concerned, Delhi (Urban) shows a decline in growth of employment by 11.25%. This is primarily due to the fact that average employment size per establishment in Fifth EC for Delhi was much higher (4.69) and somewhat unrealistic as compared to the corresponding average employment size of 3.34 in Sixth EC for the NCT of Delhi. Moreover, number of employed persons as per Sixth EC for Delhi is found to be consistent with the estimate based on NSS 67 th round Survey ( ). Percentage Growth in Total Number of Establishments Top 5 States Top 3 UTs Manipur A & N Islands Sikkim Chandigarh Assam D & N Haveli Nagaland Telangana Percentage Growth in Total Employment Top 5 States Top 3 UTs Manipur A & N Islands Assam D & N Haveli Sikkim Daman & Diu Uttar Pradesh Himachal Pradesh ALL INDIA REPORT

38 ALL INDIA REPORT 23

39 24 ALL INDIA REPORT

40 Annexure-I State/UT wise Tables Containing Provisional Results of Sixth Economic Census (Figures are purely provisional) Table No. Title of the Table Page No. Table 1.1 to 1.3 Number of Establishments and Total Persons Employed (Rural/Urban/ Combined) Table 2 Percentages of Establishments and Persons Employed 29 Table 3 Percentage of Establishments by Type of Structure 30 Table 4 Number of Handicraft & Handloom Establishments and their Percentage Distribution 31 Table 5 Percentage of Hired Workers and Female Workers 32 Table 6 Percentage Growth in Total Number of Establishments and Employment in 2013 (Sixth EC) as Compared to 2005 (Fifth EC) 33 ALL INDIA REPORT 25

41 Annexure-I Tables 1.1 Total Number of Establishments and Total Persons Employed: Rural (Excluding Crop Production, Plantation, Public Administration, Defense & Compulsory Social Security Services Activities) No. of persons employed on last working day Total Number of Establishments Hired Non-Hired State/UT Outside HH* With fixed Structure Outside HH Without fixed Structure Inside HH All Male Female Male Female Figures are purely provisional All No. of handicraft/ handloom establishments Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh J&K Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Telangana Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal A& N Islands Chandigarh D& N Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry Total *HH: Household 26 ALL INDIA REPORT

42 Annexure-I Figures are purely provisional Tables 1.2 Number of Establishments and Total Persons Employed: Urban (Excluding Crop Production, Plantation, Public Administration, Defence & Compulsory Social Security Services Activities) Total Number of Establishments No. of persons employed on last working day No. of Hired Non-Hired handicraft/ Outside HH Outside HH handloom All State/UT With fixed Without fixed Inside HH All Male Female Male Male establishments Structure Structure Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh J&K Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Telangana Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal A& N Islands Chandigarh D& N Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry Total ALL INDIA REPORT 27

43 Annexure-I Figures are purely provisional Tables 1.3 Number of Establishments and Total Persons Employed: Combined (Excluding Crop Production, Plantation, Public Administration, Defense & Compulsory Social Security Services Activities) No. of persons employed on last working day Total Number of Establishments No. of Hired Not-Hired handicraft/ Outside Outside HH handloom HH Without All State/UT With fixed Inside HH All Male Female Male Female establishments fixed Structure Structure Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh J&K Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Telangana Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal A& N Islands Chandigarh D& N Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry Total ALL INDIA REPORT

44 Annexure-I Figures are purely provisional Table 2: State/UT wise Percentages of Establishments and Persons Employed (Excluding Crop Production, Plantation, Public Administration, Defence & Compulsory Social Security Services Activities) States/UTs Establishments % Share of State/ Persons Employed % Share of State/UT in total Rural Urban Combined UT in total no. of no. of persons employed Rural Urban Combined establishments Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh J&K Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Telangana Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal A& N Islands Chandigarh D & N Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry All India ALL INDIA REPORT 29

45 Annexure-I Figures are purely provisional Table 3: State/UT wise Percentage of Establishments by Type of Structure (Excluding Crop Production, Plantation, Public Administration, Defense & Compulsory Social Security Services Activities) Rural Urban Combined States/UTs Outside HH With fixed structure Outside HH Without fixed structure Inside HH Outside HH With fixed structure Outside HH Without fixed structure Inside HH Outside HH With fixed structure Outside HH Without fixed structure Inside HH Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh J&K Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Telangana Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal A& N Islands Chandigarh D& N Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry All India ALL INDIA REPORT

46 Annexure-I Figures are purely provisional Table 4: Number of Handicraft & Handloom Establishments and their Percentage Distribution (Excluding Crop Production, Plantation, Public Administration, Defense & Compulsory Social Security Services Activities) States/UTs Rural Urban Combined Number % Distribution Number % Distribution Number % Distribution Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh J&K Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Telangana Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal A& N Islands Chandigarh D& N Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry All India ALL INDIA REPORT 31

47 Annexure-I Figures are purely provisional Table 5 : Percentage of Hired Workers and Female Workers (Excluding Crop Production, Plantation, Public Administration, Defense & Compulsory Social Security Services Activities) States/UTs Percentage of hired workers out of total workers Percentage of female workers out of total workers Rural Urban Combined Rural Urban Combined Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh J&K Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Telangana Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal A& N Islands Chandigarh D& N Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry All India ALL INDIA REPORT

48 Annexure-I Figures are purely provisional Table 6: Percentage Growth in Total Number of Establishments (Excluding Crop Production, Plantation, Public Administration, Defence & Compulsory Social Security Services Activities) and Employment in 2013 (Sixth EC) as compared to 2005 (Fifth EC) States/UTs Growth* in Establishments (%) Growth* in Employment (%) Rural Urban Combined Rural Urban Combined Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh J&K Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Telangana Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal A& N Islands Chandigarh D& N Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry All India *The intervening period between the two ECs varies from State/UT to State/UT (see Annexure-IV) ALL INDIA REPORT 33

49 34 ALL INDIA REPORT

50 Annexure-II Concepts & Definitions of Important Terms Concepts and definitions of some of the important terms used in the Sixth Economic Census are given below: Establishment The establishment is a unit situated in a single location in which predominantly one kind of economic activity is carried out such that at least a part of the goods and/or services produced by the unit goes for sale (i.e. entire produce is not for sole consumption). Agricultural Establishment An agricultural establishment for the purpose of Economic Census is one, which is engaged in production of agricultural goods (other than crop production & plantation by the farmers or a group of farmers or any agency), agricultural services, hunting, trapping & game propagation, where at least some part of the production or services is sold out. Establishments engaged in activities pertaining to crop production and plantations though in the agriculture sector are excluded from the coverage. Thus primarily cultivators themselves are excluded from the coverage of Sixth Economic Census. Non-Agricultural Establishment Establishments engaged in activities other than agricultural activities (like crop production & plantation, growing of tea, coffee, rubber, tobacco etc.) are termed as non-agricultural establishments. Household A household is a group of persons usually living together and taking their meals from a common kitchen. It includes temporary stay-aways (those whose total period of absence from household is expected to be less than six months) but excludes temporary visitors and guests (with expected total stay of less than 6 months). A group of persons, who are unrelated to each other, live in a census house but do not take their meals from a common kitchen would not constitute an institutional household. Census House A census house is a building or a part of a building having a separate main entrance from the ALL INDIA REPORT 35

51 Annexure-II road or common courtyard or staircase, etc., used, or recognized as a separate unit. It may be occupied or vacant. It may be used for residential, commercial or for both purposes. Enumeration Block The ultimate area unit of enumeration in the Sixth EC is Population Census (2011) Enumeration Block (EB). An EB broadly covers about 120 households or a population of nearly 600 or so. Handicraft/Handloom Activity Handicraft describes a craft or occupation requiring skilled use of hands. Handicrafts are items made by hand, often using simple tools. These items can be functional, artistic and/ or traditional in nature. Nature of Operation If the entrepreneurial activity is carried on or likely to be carried on throughout the year more or less regularly, it is treated as perennial activity. If the activity of the establishment is confined to a particular season i.e. fixed months of a year, the same is called the seasonal activity. The economic activity of the establishment which is neither perennial nor seasonal is termed as casual. Worker (Person Employed) All persons (including children under 15 years of age) working on the last working day prior to the date of fieldwork in the establishment, either as owners, members of the household, coowner or partner or family members helping the owner in running the establishment including other persons engaged by the establishment, whether hired or not, besides regular and salaried employees, casual/daily wage labourers are considered as workers for the establishment. ****** 36 ALL INDIA REPORT

52 Annexure-III Schedules of Sixth Economic Census Item Sixth Economic Census Schedules: a) House and Establishment Listing Schedule 6A b) Establishment Abstract Schedule 6B Page No c) Directory of Establishment Schedule 6C 47 ALL INDIA REPORT 37

53 38

54 39

55 40

56 41

57 42

58 43

59 44

60 45

61

62 47

63 48

64 Annexure IV Period of Fieldwork during Fifth and Sixth Economic Censuses Sr. Duration of Fieldwork States/UTs No. Fifth Economic Census Sixth Economic Census 1 Andhra Pradesh July, 2005 February - July, Arunachal Pradesh April - June, 2005 May June, Assam July December, 2005 January July, Bihar August, 2005 June July, Chhattisgarh April June, 2005 January - February, Goa May, 2006 October - December, Gujarat April December, 2005 February March, Haryana June, 2005 February, Himachal Pradesh April, 2005 February March, Jammu & Kashmir April August, 2005 January- June, Jharkhand May, 2005 October - November, Karnataka May August, 2005 November, February, Kerala June September, 2005 May June, Madhya Pradesh April May, 2005 May June, Maharashtra May September, 2005 October, 2013 to April, Manipur July December, 2005 June - July, Meghalaya May June, 2005 June - October, Mizoram April May, 2005 May June, Nagaland April May, 2005 June - July, Odisha March July, 2005 June - December, Punjab May, 2005 January - February, Rajasthan May June, 2005 May June, Sikkim April June, 2005 March May, Tamil Nadu April June,2005 July November, Telangana July, 2005 February - July, Tripura May June, 2005 May June, Uttar Pradesh July November, 2005 June, 2013 July, Uttarakhand May July, 2005 February May, West Bengal April June, 2005 October, January, A& N Islands December, 2005 March, 2006 October, January, Chandigarh May June, 2005 February March, D & N Haveli April May, 2005 May, Daman & Diu April May, 2005 January, March, Delhi May July, 2005 February June, Lakshadweep June July, 2005 May, 2013 June, Puducherry May July, 2005 October, January, 2014 ALL INDIA REPORT 49

65 Annexure-V LIST OF OFFICERS OF ECONOMIC STATISTICS DIVISION (ESD), CENTRAL STATISTICS OFFICE (CSO), ASSOCIATED WITH SIXTH ECONOMIC CENSUS 1. Dr. G. C. Manna, ADG 2. Shri Ashish Kumar, ex-adg (ESD) 3. Shri V. K. Arora, ex-adg 4. Shri H. K. Sharma, ex-adg 5. Shri Sunil Jain, DDG 6. Dr. Jitendra Singh Tomar, Deputy Director 7. Shri Sri Susmit, Assistant Director 8. Smt. Sonia Sharma, Assistant Director 9. Shri C.S. Bhatia, Assistant Director 10. Shri Mukesh Kumar, Junior Statistical Officer 11. Shri Saurabh Bansal, Junior Statistical Officer 12. Shri Neeraj Verma, Junior Statistical Officer [Cover Page Design by Shri R.P.Srivastava, AD (CAP)] ***** Printed by : Prabhat Publicity, New Delhi , Ph ALL INDIA REPORT

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67

68

69 Contents Page No. Salient Features of Sixth Economic Census 2 Chart 1: Total Number of Establishments and their Percentage 3 Distribution by Rural-Urban Chart 2: Total Number of Persons Employed and their 4 Percentage Distribution by Rural-Urban Chart 3R/U/C: Percentage Distribution of Establishments 5-7 by Type of Structure Chart 4R/U/C: Percentage Distribution of Total Number 8-10 of Persons Employed by Hired/Not-hired and Sex Chart 5: Top 10 States/UTs in Terms of their Percentage 11 Shares in Total Number of Establishments Chart 6: Top 10 States/UTs in Terms of their Percentage 12 Shares in Total Number of Persons Employed Chart 7: States/UTs with the Percentage of Establishments 13 Located inside Household being Higher than the National Average Chart 8: States/UTs with the Percentage of Establishments 14 outside Household without Fixed Structure being Higher than the National Average Chart 9: Top 10 States/UTs in Terms of their Percentage 15 Shares in Total Number of Handicraft/Handloom Establishments in the Country Chart 10: Top 10 States/UTs in Terms of their Percentage 16 Shares of Female Workers out of Total Workers in the State/UT Chart 11: Top 10 States/UTs in Terms of Percentage 17 Growth in Number of Establishments between Fifth EC (2005) and Sixth EC (2013) Chart 12: Top 10 States/UTs in Terms of Percentage 18 Growth in Employment between Fifth EC (2005) and Sixth EC (2013) Sixth Economic Census Provisional Results 1

70 Salient Features of Sixth Economic Census Covered all States and Union Territories of Indian Union Fieldwork conducted during January, 2013 to April, 2014 in collaboration with State/UT Governments Enumerated all establishments engaged in various agricultural and non-agricultural activities excluding crop production, plantation, public administration, defence and compulsory social security Used Enumeration Blocks (EBs) of Population Census, 2011 as the primary geographical units for collection of data About 7 lakh enumerators and 3 lakh supervisors deployed to collect information from the entire country comprising about 25 lakh Population Census EBs About 20,000 training programmes, each with a participation of around 50 persons organized Certain changes made in the main schedule of enquiry to guard against omission of home-based establishments or those operating from outside household without fixed structure Data for handicraft/handloom establishments collected for the first time A Standing Committee under the Chairmanship of Chief Statistician of India & Secretary, MoSPI looked into various aspects of work with technical support provided by a Working Group State Level Coordination Committees under the chairmanship of Chief Secretaries and District Level Coordination Committees under the chairmanship of District Collectors constituted for smooth conduct of the Census Overall coordination at all-india level and guidance provided by the Economic Statistics Division of CSO ***** 2 Sixth Economic Census Provisional Results

71 Chart 1: Total Number of Establishments and their Percentage Distribution by Rural-Urban Total Number of Establishments = 58,470,096 Sixth Economic Census Provisional Results 3

72 Chart 2: Total Number of Persons Employed and their Percentage Distribution by Rural-Urban Total Number of Persons Employed = 127,708,076 4 Sixth Economic Census Provisional Results

73 Chart 3R: Percentage Distribution of Establishments by Type of Structure Rural India Sixth Economic Census Provisional Results 5

74 Chart 3U: Percentage Distribution of Establishments by Type of Structure Urban India 6 Sixth Economic Census Provisional Results

75 Chart 3C: Percentage Distribution of Establishments by Type of Structure India Sixth Economic Census Provisional Results 7

76 Chart 4R: Percentage Distribution of Total Number of Persons Employed by Hired/Not-hired and Sex Rural India 8 Sixth Economic Census Provisional Results

77 Chart 4U: Percentage Distribution of Total Number of Persons Employed by Hired/Not-hired and Sex Urban India Sixth Economic Census Provisional Results 9

78 Chart 4C: Percentage Distribution of Total Number of Persons Employed by Hired/Not-hired and Sex India 10 Sixth Economic Census Provisional Results

79 Chart 5: Top 10 States/UTs in Terms of their Percentage Shares in Total Number of Establishments Sixth Economic Census Provisional Results 11

80 Chart 6: Top 10 States/UTs in Terms of their Percentage Shares in Total Number of Persons Employed 12 Sixth Economic Census Provisional Results

81 Chart 7: States/UTs with the Percentage of Establishments Located inside Household being Higher than the National Average National Average = 38.39% Sixth Economic Census Provisional Results 13

82 Chart 8: States/UTs with the Percentage of Establishments outside Household without Fixed Structure being Higher than the National Average National Average = 20.49% 14 Sixth Economic Census Provisional Results

83 Chart 9: Top 10 States/UTs in Terms of their Percentage Shares in Total Number of Handicraft/Handloom Establishments in the Country Total Number of Handicraft/Handloom Establishments=21,92,571 Sixth Economic Census Provisional Results 15

84 Chart 10: Top 10 States/UTs in Terms of their Percentage Shares of Female Workers out of Total Workers in the State/UT National Average = 25.56% 16 Sixth Economic Census Provisional Results

85 Chart 11: Top 10 States/UTs in Terms of Percentage Growth in Number of Establishments between Fifth EC (2005) and Sixth EC (2013) National Average = 41.73% Sixth Economic Census Provisional Results 17

86 Chart 12: Top 10 States/UTs in Terms of Percentage Growth in Employment between Fifth EC (2005) and Sixth EC (2013) National Average = 34.35% 18 Sixth Economic Census Provisional Results

87 Notes Sixth Economic Census Provisional Results 19

88 Notes 20 Sixth Economic Census Provisional Results

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