BASIC ROAD STATISTICS OF INDIA

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1 BASIC ROAD STATISTICS OF INDIA , & GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF ROAD TRANSPORT AND HIGHWAYS TRANSPORT RESEARCH WING NEW DELHI August 2012

2 ~~ ~. c6'. ~~ A. K. UPADHYAY FOREWORD ~ SECRETARY \-lrof ~HCflJ{ GOVERNMENT OF INDIA ~Cf1 qf(cl~1 aih (I\ilqpf q~m.14 MINISTRY OF ROAD TRANSPORT & HIGHWAYS An extensive and a good road network is needed to spur growth and development. Road transportation system move goods and people to facilitate production and trade. The elements of road transport are vital to the cost of trade, the global competitiveness of the country and its development prospects. Road transport has grown in importance with the mode accounting for an increasing share in the conveyance of passengers and goods in the overland traffic. The total length of classified road networks in India as at the end March 2011 is placed at 4.7 million km of which little 53.8% are paved. A noteworthy aspect has been the step up in the expansion of National Highway network in recent years which has shown more than two fold jump from 33,650 kms in 1991 to 76,818 kms in India's road density averages about 1.42 km of road length per square km of land and is much higher compared to USA (0.67 km/sq.km) and China (0.40 km/sq.km). The need to promote road connectivity across the country and maintain road infrastructure poses an enormous challenge. It is noteworthy that growth in motor vehicle population during 2001 to 2011 of around 10% has outstripped the modest growth in the roads network of 3.3%. This has resulted in the saturation of road capacities on many a stretches. Rehabilitation and construction of new roads are essential to provide sufficient, safe and efficient transportation for passenger and goods and are vital for making the economy competitive and for sustaining a high rate of growth. The road development in many ways exemplifies both the challenge and opportunity in infrastructure development. The present volume of Basic Road Statistics of India gives comprehensive data for the years, and attempts to provide a wide range of information on the status of road development in India in terms of its geographical spread and various categories of roads in terms of National Highways, State Highways, District Roads, Rural Roads, etc. I hope that this document would be useful to administrator, policy makers and academia interested in the area of infrastructure development. In particular, the cooperation extended by the source agencies spread across various States and Union Territories is gratefully acknowledged. 6 th August, 2012 Transport Shawan, 1-Parliament Street, New Delhi :: Tel.: :: Fax: :: Web:

3 ARVIND KUMAR Senior Adviser (Transport Fax No. : Tel. No. : Research).l..m mcnn: Government of India ~ qf{q~1 ~ ~ ~ Ministry of Road Transport & Highways (qf{ci~1 ~~ ~'l..wt) Transport Research Wing ~~ {ffi,' ~.it.~. f~fc'"511. 1st Floor. I.D.A. Building..., \ { ~I, ~lifi"1~ Jamnagar House, Shahjahan Road. ~ R'R , New Oelhi PREFACE The 'Basic Road Statistics of India' is a premier publication on the road sector providing comprehensive information on different categories of roads in the country, at the National, State and local (Municipal and Panchayat) levels. The data provided in the present publication has been collected from over 280 source agencies spread all over the country. Obtaining data/information from a large number of source agencies is a time consuming exercise. It has been the endeavour of the Transport Research Wing to reduce the time gap in presenting the information. While the last issue of 'Basic Road Statistics of India' (brought out in July 2010) covered information on the Road Sector for the years and , the present issue gives information covering the years to The present issue offers comparable and consistent time series data on India's road network. The information is presented in 8 Sections of the publication. We very much appreciate the cooperation of source agencies for providing the data. We would welcome constructive suggestions from the users of the publication in improving its quality and coverage. The officers and staff of the Transport Research Wing deserve special mention for the considerable effort put in by them leading to the release of the publication. AJJrA"'-' ~~""' (Arvind Kumar) August, 2012

4 Abbreviations used in the Publication W.B.M - Water Bound Macadam B.T. - Black Top C.C. - Cement Concrete S - T - Total BSSL - Below Standard Single Lane SSL - Standard Single Lane SDL - Standard Double Lane SML - Standard Multi-Lane CD - Community Development

5 BASIC ROAD STATISTICS OF INDIA CONTENTS Page No. OVERVIEW: BASIC ROAD STATISTICS OF INDIA (i-x) Table No. Sections SECTION - 1 ROAD LENGTH (TOTAL AND SURFACED) ALL INDIA AND STATE-WISE 1.1 Total and Road Length by Categories in India as on 31st March, (State/UT-wise) Road Length by Categories and by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, Road Length by Categories and by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, Road Length by Categories and by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, Total and Length of Roads in India as on 31st March, 2009 to 2011 (State/UT-wise) Total Road Length and Percentage Share of Each Category of Road to Total Road Length ( ) 7 SECTION - 2 NATIONAL HIGHWAYS 2.1 Length of National Highways in India as on 31st March, (State-wise) Length of National Highways by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2009 (State/UT-wise) Length of National Highways by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2010 (State/UT-wise) Length of National Highways by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2011 (State/UT-wise) 11 SECTION - 3 STATE HIGHWAYS 3.1 Total and Length of State Highways in India as on 31st March, (State/UT-wise) Length of State Highways by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2009 (State/UT-wise) Length of State Highways by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2010 (State/UT-wise) Length of State Highways by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2011 (State/UT-wise) Length of State Highways by Width in India as on 31st March, 2009 (State/UT-wise) Length of State Highways by Width in India as on 31st March, 2010 (State/UT-wise) Length of State Highways by Width in India as on 31st March, 2011 (State/UT-wise) 19 SECTION-4 OTHER PUBLIC WORKS DEPARTMENT ROADS 4.1 Total and Length of Other PWD Roads in India as on 31st March, (State/UT-wise) Length of Other PWD Roads by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2009 (State/UT-wise) Length of Other PWD Roads by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2010 (State/UT-wise) Length of Other PWD Roads by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2011 (State/UT-wise) Length of Other PWD Roads by Width in India as on 31st March, 2009 (State/UT-wise) Length of Other PWD Roads by Width in India as on 31st March, 2010 (State/UT-wise) Length of Other PWD Roads by Width in India as on 31st March, 2011 (State/UT-wise) 27

6 SECTION-5 RURAL ROADS 5.1 Total and Length of Rural Roads in India as on 31st March, (State/UT-wise) Total and Length of Panchayati Raj Roads (Zilla Parishad, Village Panchayat & CD/Panchayat Samiti) in India as on 31st March, (State/UT-wise) Length of Panchayati Raj Roads (Zilla Parishad, Village Panchayat & CD/Panchayat Samiti) by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2009 (State/UT-wise) Length of Panchayati Raj Roads (Zilla Parishad, Village Panchayat & CD/Panchayat Samiti) by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2010 (State/UT-wise) Length of Panchayati Raj Roads (Zilla Parishad, Village Panchayat & CD/Panchayat Samiti) by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2011 (State/UT-wise) 5.6 Length of Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana Roads as on 31st March, (State-wise) SECTION-6 URBAN ROADS 6.1 Total and Length of Urban Roads in India as on 31st March, (State/UT-wise) Length of Urban Roads by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2009 (State/UT-wise) Length of Urban Roads by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2010 (State/UT-wise) Length of Urban Roads by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2011 (State/UT-wise) Length of Municipal Roads by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2009 (State/UT-wise) Length of Municipal Roads by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2010 (State/UT-wise) Length of Municipal Roads by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2011 (State/UT-wise) Length of Military Engineering Service Roads by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2009 (State/UT-wise) Length of Military Engineering Service Roads by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2010 (State/UT-wise) Length of Military Engineering Service Roads by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2011 (State/UT-wise) Length of Railway Roads by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2009 (State/UT-wise) Length of Railway Roads by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2010 (State/UT-wise) Length of Railway Roads by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2011 (State/UT-wise) Length of Major Port Roads by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2009 (State-wise) Length of Major Port Roads by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2010 (State-wise) Length of Major Port Roads by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2011 (State-wise) Length of Minor Port Roads by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2009 (State/UT-wise) Length of Minor Port Roads by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2010 (State/UT-wise) Length of Minor Port Roads by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2011 (State/UT-wise) 55

7 SECTION - 7 PROJECT ROADS 7.1 Total and Surrfaced Length of Project Roads in India as on 31st March, (State/UT-wise) Length of Project Roads by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2009 (State/UT-wise) Length of Project Roads by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2010 (State/UT-wise) Length of Project Roads by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2011 (State/UT-wise) Length of Roads under Forest Department by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2009 (State/UT-wise) Length of Roads under Forest Department by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2010 (State/UT-wise) Length of Roads under Forest Department by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2011 (State/UT-wise) Length of Roads under Irrigation Department by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2009 (State-wise) Length of Roads under Irrigation Department by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2010 (State-wise) Length of Roads under Irrigation Department by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2011 (State-wise) Length of Roads under Electricity Department by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2009 (State-wise) Length of Roads under Electricity Department by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2010 (State-wise) Length of Roads under Electricity Department by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2011 (State-wise) Length of Roads under Sugarcane Authority by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2009 (State/UT-wise) Length of Roads under Sugarcane Authority by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2010 (State/UT-wise) Length of Roads under Sugarcane Authority by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2011 (State/UT-wise) Length of Roads under Coal Mines Department by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2009 (State-wise) Length of Roads under Coal Mines Department by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2010 (State-wise) Length of Roads under Coal Mines Department by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2011 (State-wise) Length of Roads under SAIL & NMDC by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2009 (State-wise) Length of Roads under SAIL & NMDC by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2010 (State-wise) Length of Roads under SAIL & NMDC by Type of Surface in India as on 31st March, 2011 (State-wise) 78 SECTION - 8 MISCELLANEOUS 8.1 Ministry of Road Transport & Highways - Central Road Sector Outlay and Expenditure - GBS Outlay & Expenditure on Roads & Bridges (State Sector) State/UT-wise Details of National Highways as on 31st March ANNEX Terms and Definitions 83-84

8 Overview: Basic Road Statistics of India: 2009 to Introduction 1.1 Road network provides the arterial network to facilitate trade, transport, social integration and economic development. It facilitates specialization, extension of markets and exploitation of economies of scale. It is used for the smooth conveyance of both people and goods. Transportation by road has the advantage over other means of transport because of its easy accessibility, flexibility of operations, door-to-door service and reliability. Consequently, passenger and freight movement in India over the years have increasingly shifted towards roads vis-a-vis other means of transport. In , the road network in the country carried 85.2 per cent of the total passenger movement by roads and railways put together. Similarly, the corresponding figure for freight movement by roads was 62.9 per cent. 2. Growth in Road Length 2.1 The total road length in India increased more than 11 times during the 60 years between 1951 and From 3.99 lakh kilometre as on 31 st March 1951, the road length increased to lakh kilometres as on 31 st March 2011 (Chart 1). Concomitantly, the surfaced road length increased both in absolute and relative terms. The length of sufaced roads which was 1.57 lakh kilometres (39.35 per cent of total road length) as on 31 st March 1951 increased to lakh kilometres (53.83 per cent of total road length) as on 31 st March Chart 1: Total and Road Length in India: 1951 to road length in the country has expanded both in absolute and relative terms. While the total surfaced road length in India as on 31 st March 2009 was lakh kilometres, as on 31 st March 2010 and 2011, the corresponding figures were lakh kilometres and lakh kilometres, respectively. road length as a proportion of the total road network in the country increased from per cent as on 31 st March 2009 to per cent as on 31 st March 2010 to per cent as on 31 st March i

9 3. Category wise Growth in Road Length 3.1 The length of National Highways rose from 19,811 kilometres as on 31 st March 1951 to 70,934 kilometres as on 31 st March 2011 (Table 1) reflecting a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 2.1 per cent during the period. During the same period, the combined network of State Highways and Other Public Works Department (PWD) posted a seven-fold expansion in length. The combined length of State Highways and Other PWD roads stood at lakh kilometres as on 31 st March The highest CAGR of 4.4 per cent during 1951 to 2011 was registered by rural roads comprising Panchayati roads, and roads constructed under Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY) and Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY). The length of rural roads increased more than 13 times from 2.06 lakh kilometres in 1951 to lakh kilometres in Urban roads grew by a CAGR of 4.5 per cent between 1961 and Their length stood at 4.12 lakh kilometres as on 31 st March The length of Project roads grew by CAGR of 2 per cent during 1971 and 2011 and was 2.88 lakh kilometres as on 31 st March Table 1 - Road Network by Categories (in kilometres): 1951 to 2011 Road Category ,798 23,838 31,671 33,650 57,737 (4.54) (2.61) (2.13) (1.45) (1.71) National Highways 19,811 (4.95) 70,934* (1.51) State Highways 1,73,723 (43.44) 257,125 (49.02) 56,765 (6.20) 94,359 (6.35) 1,27,311 (5.47) 1,32,100 (3.99) 1,63,898 (3.49) Other PWD Roads ^ ^ 2,76,833 (30.26) 4,21,895 (28.40) 5,09,435 (21.89) 7,36,001 (21.82) 10,05,327 (21.43) Rural Roads 2,06,408 (51.61) 197,194 (37.60) 3,54,530 (38.75) 6,28,865 (42.34) 12,60,430 (54.16) 19,72,016 (58.46) 27,49,805 (58.63) Urban Roads 0 (0.00) 46,361 (8.84) 72,120 (7.88) 123,120 (8.29) 186,799 (8.03) 252,001 (7.12) 411,840 (8.78) Project Roads 0 (0.00) 0 (0.00) 1,30,893 (14.31) 1,85,511 (12.49) 2,09,737 (9.01) 2,23,665 (6.32) 2,88,539 (6.15) Total 3,99,942 5,24,478 9,14,979 14,85,421 23,27,362 33,73,520 46,90,342 Note: Figures within parentheses indicate per cent to total road length in each road category. *76,818 kilometres as on 31 st March 2012 ^ Included in State Highways The trend of growth of category-wise road length is depicted in Chart 2. ii

10 Chart 2: Trend Growth in Road Length by Categories: 1951 to ,000,000 2,500,000 2,000,000 1,500,000 1,000, , NH Rural Roads Project Roads SH & Other PWD Roads Urban Roads 4. Growth in Road Network in Recent Years 4.1 In the past five years, from 2007 to 2011, the road network in the country increased by 6.74 lakh kilometres; from lakh kilometres as on 31 st March 2007 to lakh kilometres as on 31 st March 2011 (Table 2). The largest incremental increase of 3.56 lakh kilometres was in the length of rural roads. The second highest addition in road length during 2007 to 2011 was by Other PWD roads (1.70 lakh kilometres). Urban roads added a significant length of 1.11 lakh kilometres of roads during the same period. The incremental increase in National Highways, State Highways and Project roads were 4,344 kilometres, 11,663 kilometres and 20,034 kilometres, respectively. As on 31st March Table 2 - Total Road Length by Categories of Roads in India: 2007 to 2011 NH SH Other PWD Roads Rural Roads Urban Roads Project Roads Total Road Length , , ,003 2,393, , ,505 4,016, , , ,241 2,450, , ,189 4,109, , , ,880 2,629, , ,617 4,471, , , ,414 2,692, , ,931 4,582, , ,898 1,005,327 2,749, , ,539 4,690, Road Length in Relation to Area and Population 5.1 As on 31 st March 2011, the total road length of the country, including JRY roads, per 100 square kilometres of area was kilometres (Table 3), as compared to kilometres as on 31 st March Concurrently, the total road length, including JRY roads, per lakh of population, too increased from kilometres as on 31 st March 2008 to kilometres as on 31 st March As on 31 st March 2011, the length of National Highways per 100 square kilometres of area was 2.16 kilometres, while the length of National Highways per lakh of population was 5.86 kilometres. iii

11 State/UTs Table 3 Road Length in Relation to Area and Population in India Total Road Length As on 31 st March 2011 (State/UT-wise) Area Population* Road Length (km²) (2011) (in thousands) Per 100 sq. km. of Area Per one lakh of population Total Length of National Highways National Highways Per Per one 100 lakh of sq. population km. of Area Andhra Pradesh 238, ,045 84, , Arunachal Pradesh 21,555 83,743 1, , Assam 241,789 78,438 31, , Bihar 130,642 94, , , Chhattisgarh 93, ,191 25, , Goa 10,627 3,702 1, Gujarat 156, ,024 60, , Haryana 41,729 44,212 25, , Himachal Pradesh 47,963 55,673 6, , Jammu & Kashmir 26, ,236 12, , Jharkhand 23,903 79,714 32, , Karnataka 281, ,791 61, , Kerala 201,220 38,863 33, , Madhya Pradesh 197, ,245 72, , Maharashtra 410, , , , Manipur 19,133 22,327 2, Meghalaya 11,984 22,429 2, Mizoram 9,810 21,081 1, Nagaland 34,146 16,579 1, Odisha 258, ,707 41, , Punjab 84,193 50,362 27, , Rajasthan 241, ,239 68, , Sikkim 4,630 7, Tamil Nadu 192, ,058 72, , Tripura 33,772 10,486 3, Uttarakhand 49,277 53,483 10, , Uttar Pradesh 390, , , , West Bengal 299,209 88,752 91, , UNION TERRITORIES Andaman & Nicobar Islands 1,386 8, Chandigarh 2, ,055 2, Dadra & Nagar Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi 29,648 1,483 16,753 1, Lakshadweep Puducherry 2, , All INDIA (excluding JRY Roads) 3,790,342 3,287,240 1,210, , All INDIA (including JRY Roads) 4,690,342 3,287,240 1,210, , *: Population as per Census of India iv

12 6. Road Network in terms of Broad Categories 6.1 In terms of share in total road length, rural roads constituted the largest share of 59 per cent as on 31 st March This was followed by Other PWD roads (21 per cent), Urban roads (9 per cent), Project roads (6 per cent), State Highways (3 per cent) and National Highways (2 per cent) (Chart 3). Chart 3: Road Length by Categories: Although National Highways constitute a small proportion of the total road length, they run across the length and breadth of the country and carry a high volume of the roadbased traffic. State Highways and Other PWD roads constitute the secondary system of road transportation in the country. The State Highways connect National Highways, district headquarters, important towns, tourist locations and minor ports. 7. National Highways 7.1 National Highways are the arterial roads of the country for inter-state movements of passengers and goods. They criss-cross the length and breadth of the country connecting the National and State capitals, major ports and rail junctions and link up with border roads (Chart 4). 7.2 The details of National Highways (State/Union Territory (UT)-wise) are presented in Section 2. All National Highways (NHs) are surfaced. As on 31 st March 2011, double lane NHs constituted more than 50 per cent of the total length of NHs, followed by four lane and above (24.22 per cent) and the balance single lane intermediate NHs formed per cent of the NH network. 7.3 As evident from Table 4, NHs of four or more lanes have increased both in absolute terms and as a proportion of total length of NHs. v

13 Chart 4: National Highway Network vi

14 Table 4 - Lane-wise Break-up of National Highways: Number of Lanes As on 31 st March Single/ Intermediate Lane 20,116 (28.51) 18,131 (25.56) 17,102 (24.11) 17,526 (22.81) Two-Lane 37,346 (52.94) 37,488 (52.85) 36,650 (51.67) 41,518 (54.05) Four-Lane & above 13,086 (18.55) 15,315 (21.59) 17,182 (24.22) 17,774 (23.14) Figures in parentheses are proportion of total length of National Highways. 7.4 The Central Government is responsible for the development and maintenance of NHs. The development and maintenance works are being implemented on an agency basis. The State Governments (State PWDs), Border Roads Organisation (BRO) and National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) implement the development and maintenance works on NHs. Out of the total length of 76,818 km as on 31 st March 2012, State PWD developed and maintained 34,207 km, NHAI 30,537 km and BRO 3,798 km. Around 8,276 km of NHs are yet to be entrusted. 7.5 In each Five Year Plan, the NH network has expanded (Table 5). Table 5 Plan-wise addition to NH Network Period Length added (km.) Total length (km.) As on ,378 Pre First Plan ( ,193 First Plan ( ) 22,193 Second Plan( ) 1,514 23,707 Third Plan ( ) ,886 Interregnum Period(Rolling Plan) ( ,938 Fourth Plan ( ) 4,819 28,757 Fifth Plan ( ) ,977 Interregnum Period(Rolling Plan ( ,023 Sixth Plan ( ) 2,957 31,980 Seventh Plan ( ) 1,632 33,612 Interregnum Period (Rolling Plan Period(( ) 77 33,689 Eighth Plan ( ) ,298 Ninth Plan ( ) 23,814 58,112 Tenth Plan ( ) 9,008* 66,590 Eleventh Plan ( ) 10,228 76,818 * 530 km length of National Highways of Madhya Pradesh has been de-notified 8. State Highways 8.1 The details of State Highways (State/UT-wise) are presented in Section 3. As on 31 st March 2011, almost 99 per cent of the State Highways were surfaced, comprising per cent Black Top (BT) or Cement Concrete (CC) roads and 1.07 per cent Water-Bound Macadum (WBM) roads. The remaining roads (1.21 per cent) were unsurfaced. Of these, vii

15 unsurfaced SHs, motorable roads constituted 0.95 per cent and non-motorable accounted for the remaining 0.25 per cent. 9. Other PWD Roads 9.1 The details of Other PWD (State/UT-wise) are presented in Section 4. As on 31 st March 2011, the total length of surfaced Other PWD roads accounted for per cent of the total Other PWD roads. Of these, most roads were either BT or CC (77.48 per cent). WBM roads accounted for a lower share of per cent. The remaining roads (12.41 per cent) were unsurfaced and consisted of motorable (9.29 per cent) and non-motorable (3.12 per cent) roads. 10. Rural Roads 10.1 The details of Rural Roads (State/UT-wise) are presented in Section 5. Rural Roads consist of Panchayati Raj roads (Zilla Parishad roads, Village Panchayat roads and Community Development/Panchayat Samiti roads), roads constructed under Jawahar Rozgar Yojana and Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana launched in and 2000, respectively. Around 38 per cent of rural roads were surfaced as on 31 st March Urban Roads 11.1 The details of Urban Roads (State/UT-wise) are presented in Section 6. Urban Roads consist of municipal roads, major port roads, minor port roads, railways roads and roads built under Military Engineering Services. Around 71 per cent total length of urban roads in the country as on 31 st March 2011 were surfaced. 12. Project Roads 12.1 The details of Project Roads (State/UT-wise) are presented in Section 7. Project roads include roads built by forest departments, irrigation departments, electricity departments, sugarcane authority, coal mines, Steel Authority of India Limited and National Mineral Development Corporation. As a proportion of the total length of Project roads, surfaced roads accounted for per cent as on 31 st March Expansion of Road Network vis-à-vis growth in Motor Vehicles 13.1 The growth of road network has not kept pace with the growth in the number of registered vehicles (Table 5). While the number of registered motor vehicles has grown at a CAGR of 10.6 per cent between 1951 and 2011, the growth in the road network during the same period was 4.2 per cent. During the last decade, 2001 to 2011, the number of registered motor vehicles recorded a CAGR of 9.9 per cent, while the road network increased at a CAGR of 3.4 per cent. viii

16 Table 5 - Compound Annual Growth Rates (in %) of Registered Motor Vehicles and Road Length: 1951 to 2011 Period Vehicles Roads Two - Wheelers Cars, Jeeps & Taxis Buses Goods Vehicles Others* Total NHs SHs & OPWD Rural Urban Project Total / / / / / / / * : Others include tractors, trailers, three wheelers (passenger vehicles)/lmv and other miscellaneous vehicles which are not separately classified. 14. International Comparison of Road Network 14.1 The geographic coverage of India s highway network at 1.42 km of road length per square km of land is denser than that of USA (0.67 km/ sq km), and much higher than that of China (0.40 km/ sq. km) and Brazil (0.21 km/ sq. km) (Table 6). In India, expressways/motorways are around 227 km, while China s highway network consists of over 65,055 km of access controlled expressway, linking the major cities. The proportion of paved road length in India at per cent is much lower as compared to Japan, Korea, United Kingdom and United States of America. ix

17 Country Brazil 0.21 (2004) Table 6 - Major Road Indicators across Select Countries Road Share of Road Length in Kilometre Density Paved Total Motorways National (km/sq km) Road (%) Highways N.A. 17,51, ,071 (2004) (5.31) China 0.40 (2009) (2008) 38,60,823 (2009) 65,055 (1.69) 59,462 (1.54) France 1.73 (2009) (2009) 9,51,260 (2009) 11,240 (1.18) 9,020 (0.95) India 1.42 (2011) (2011) 46,90,342 (2011) 227 (0.005) 70,934 (1.51) Japan 3.20 (2009) (2009) 12,07,867 (2009) 7,642 (0.63) 54,790 (4.54) Korea, Republic 1.05 (2009) (2009) 1,04,983 (2009) 3,776 (3.60) 13,819 (13.16) Russian Federation 0.06 (2009) (2007) 9,82,000 (2009) N.A. N.A. South Africa 0.30 (2001) (2001) 3,64,131 (2001) 239 (0.07) 2887 (0.79) United Kingdom 1.72 (2009) (2009) 4,19,665 (2009) 3,674 (0.88) 49,032 (11.68) United States of America 0.67 (2009) (2009) 65,45,839 (2009) 75,643 (1.16) 19,857 (0.30) Sources: For India Transport Research Wing, Ministry of Road Transport & Highways For all other countries World Road Statistics 2011, published by International Road Federation, Geneva. Figures in parentheses in columns 2, 3 and 4 refer to the calendar year while in columns 5 and 6, figures in parentheses indicate the percentage share of the category in total road length. N.A.: Information not available. 15. Contents of the Publication 15.1 The Basic Road Statistics of India provides detailed data on road length State/UT-wise, category-wise, surface and lane-wise, spread over 8 sections. Information on Plan Outlays and Expenditure on Roads is also provided in this publication. x

18 SECTION 1 ROAD LENGTH (TOTAL AND SURFACED) ALL INDIA AND STATE-WISE

19 TABLE NO. 1.1 TOTAL AND SURFACED ROAD LENGTH BY CATEGORIES IN INDIA AS ON 31ST MARCH India/Category Total/ (P) A. PWD Roads T 1,191,926 1,208,526 1,240,158 S 1,059,798 1,082,578 1,113,407 (i) National Highways T 70,548 70,934 70,934 S 70,548 70,934 70,934 (ii) State Highways T 158, , ,898 S 156, , ,920 (iii) Other PWD Roads T 962, ,414 1,005,327 S 832, , ,553 B. Rural Roads T 1,729,165 1,792,535 1,849,805 S 749, , ,334 a. Panchayati Raj Roads (Zilla Parishad/ Village Panchayat / CD/ Panchayat Samiti Roads) T 1,514,952 1,518,205 1,530,366 S 535, , ,896 b. PMGSY Roads T 214, , ,438 S 214, , ,438 C. Urban Roads T 373, , ,840 S 258, , ,892 (i) Municipal Roads T 347, , ,158 S 233, , ,013 (ii) MES Roads T 15,179 15,243 15,354 S 14,982 15,046 15,157 (iii) Railway Roads T 9,792 9,930 10,063 S 8,318 8,412 8,528 (iv) Major Port Roads T S (v) Minor Port Roads T S D. Project Roads T 276, , ,539 S 73,376 74,302 76,845 (i) Forest Department Roads T 154, , ,793 S 25,425 25,866 25,952 (ii) Irrigation Department Roads T 81,811 82,715 91,550 S 26,165 26,303 28,526 (iii) Electricity Department Roads T 4,908 4,917 4,927 S 4,461 4,474 4,487 (iv) Sugarcane Authority Roads T 30,289 30,637 30,925 S 12,304 12,625 12,884 (v) Coal Mine Roads T 2,615 2,620 2,579 S 2,476 2,481 2,440 (vi) SAIL & NMDC Roads T 2,753 2,762 2,764 S 2,544 2,553 2,555 All India (Excluding JRY Roads) T 3,571,510 3,682,439 3,790,342 S 2,141,302 2,249,611 2,341,480 All India* (Including JRY Roads) T 4,471,510 4,582,439 4,690,342 S 2,324,504 2,432,813 2,524,682 *: Includes rural roads constructed under Jawahar Rozgar Yojana as on 31st March Totals may not add up because of rounding off of decimals. (P): Provisional 1

20 TABLE NO. 1.2 ROAD LENGTH BY CATEGORIES AND BY TYPE OF SURFACE IN INDIA AS ON 31ST MARCH 2009 India/Category Total Unsurfaced Total (A) W.B.M. B.T./C.C Total (B) Motorable Non- Motorable A. PWD Roads 1,191,926 1,059, , , ,128 98,300 33,828 (i) National Highways 70,548 70, , (ii) State Highways 158, ,715 1, ,331 1,782 1, (iii) Other PWD Roads 962, , , , ,346 96,850 33,496 B. Rural Roads 1,729, , , , , , ,133 a. Panchayati Raj Roads (Zilla Parishad/ Village Panchayat / CD/ Panchayat Samiti Roads) 1,514, , , , , , ,133 b. PMGSY Roads 214, , C. Urban Roads 373, ,279 34, , ,523 76,937 38,586 (i) Municipal Roads 347, ,815 32, , ,780 75,511 38,269 (ii) MES Roads 15,179 14, , (iii) Railway Roads 9,792 8,318 1,644 6,674 1,474 1, (iv) Major Port Roads (v) Minor Port Roads D. Project Roads 276,617 73,376 30,839 42, , ,952 82,289 (i) Forest Department Roads 154,240 25,425 12,331 13, ,815 80,293 48,523 (ii) Irrigation Department Roads 81,811 26,165 14,517 11,648 55,646 24,465 31,181 (iii) Electricity Department Roads 4,908 4, , (iv) Sugarcane Authority Roads 30,289 12,304 2,447 9,857 17,985 15,534 2,451 (v) Coal Mine Roads 2,615 2, , (vi) SAIL & NMDC Roads 2,753 2, , All India (Excluding JRY Roads) 3,571,510 2,141, ,175 1,539,915 1,269, , ,836 Totals may not add up because of rounding off of decimals. : Not reported 2

21 TABLE NO. 1.3 ROAD LENGTH BY CATEGORIES AND BY TYPE OF SURFACE IN INDIA AS ON 31ST MARCH 2010 India/Category Total Unsurfaced Total (A) W.B.M. B.T./C.C Total (B) Motorable Non- Motorable A. PWD Roads 1,208,526 1,082, , , ,948 93,755 32,193 (i) National Highways 70,934 70, , (ii) State Highways 160, ,202 1, ,652 1,975 1, (iii) Other PWD Roads 977, , , , ,973 92,189 31,784 B. Rural Roads 1,792, , , , , , ,239 a. Panchayati Raj Roads (Zilla Parishad/ Village Panchayat / CD/ Panchayat Samiti Roads) 1,518, , , , , , ,239 b. PMGSY Roads 274, , C. Urban Roads 402, ,712 36, , ,735 81,625 41,110 (i) Municipal Roads 376, ,081 33, , ,947 80,158 40,789 (ii) MES Roads 15,243 15, , (iii) Railway Roads 9,930 8,412 1,669 6,743 1,518 1, (iv) Major Port Roads (v) Minor Port Roads D. Project Roads 278,932 74,302 31,138 43, , ,488 83,141 (i) Forest Department Roads 155,281 25,866 12,492 13, ,415 80,411 49,004 (ii) Irrigation Department Roads 82,715 26,303 14,649 11,654 56,412 24,860 31,552 (iii) Electricity Department Roads 4,917 4, , (iv) Sugarcane Authority Roads 30,637 12,625 2,447 10,178 18,012 15,561 2,451 (v) Coal Mine Roads 2,620 2, , (vi) SAIL & NMDC Roads 2,762 2, , All India (Excluding JRY Roads) 3,682,439 2,249, ,267 1,598,013 1,272, , ,683 Totals may not add up because of rounding off of decimals. : Not reported 3

22 TABLE NO. 1.4 ROAD LENGTH BY CATEGORIES AND BY TYPE OF SURFACE IN INDIA AS ON 31ST MARCH 2011 India/Category Total Unsurfaced Total (A) W.B.M. B.T./C.C Total (B) Motorable Non- Motorable A. PWD Roads 1,240,158 1,113, ,345 1,010, ,752 94,969 31,782 (i) National Highways 70,934 70, , (ii) State Highways 163, ,920 1, ,174 1,978 1, (iii) Other PWD Roads 1,005, , , , ,774 93,408 31,366 B. Rural Roads 1,849, , , , , , ,316 a. Panchayati Raj Roads (Zilla Parishad/ Village Panchayat / CD/ Panchayat Samiti Roads) 1,530, , , , , , ,316 b. PMGSY Roads 319, , C. Urban Roads 411, ,893 40, , ,945 75,027 44,919 (i) Municipal Roads 385, ,013 37, , ,145 73,550 44,595 (ii) MES Roads 15,354 15, , (iii) Railway Roads 10,063 8,528 1,689 6,840 1,534 1, (iv) Major Port Roads (v) Minor Port Roads D. Project Roads 288,539 76,845 29,711 47, , ,810 85,883 (i) Forest Department Roads 155,793 25,952 12,662 13, ,841 80,975 48,866 (ii) Irrigation Department Roads 91,550 28,526 13,074 15,452 63,024 28,593 34,431 (iii) Electricity Department Roads 4,927 4, , (iv) Sugarcane Authority Roads 30,925 12,884 2,447 10,437 18,040 15,589 2,451 (v) Coal Mine Roads 2,579 2, , (vi) SAIL & NMDC Roads 2,764 2, , All India (Excluding JRY Roads) 3,790,342 2,341, ,226 1,644,816 1,277, , ,900 Totals may not add up because of rounding off of decimals. : Not reported 4

23 TABLE NO. 1.5 TOTAL AND SURFACED LENGTH OF ROADS IN INDIA AS ON 31ST MARCH (STATE/UT-WISE) States/UTs Total/ Andhra Pradesh T 232, , ,001 S 149, , ,579 Arunachal Pradesh T 20,384 21,122 21,555 S 13,314 13,959 14,336 Assam T 236, , ,789 S 33,405 35,622 37,816 Bihar T 124, , ,642 S 50,941 54,601 57,198 Chhattisgarh T 87,733 91,477 93,965 S 57,843 61,769 64,078 Goa T 10,190 10,356 10,627 S 7,310 7,359 7,531 Gujarat T 153, , ,188 S 138, , ,565 Haryana T 36,032 37,276 41,729 S 32,897 34,305 37,701 Himachal Pradesh T 44,467 46,734 47,963 S 29,269 31,832 33,247 Jammu & Kashmir T 24,581 25,770 26,980 S 11,468 13,024 14,178 Jharkhand T 20,772 22,302 23,903 S 13,249 14,779 16,379 Karnataka T 274, , ,773 S 172, , ,099 Kerala T 200, , ,220 S 109, , ,359 Madhya Pradesh T 185, , ,293 S 104, , ,921 Maharashtra T 399, , ,521 S 327, , ,794 Manipur T 17,724 18,604 19,133 S 6,732 7,612 8,140 Meghalaya T 11,019 11,702 11,984 S 6,615 6,758 7,072 Mizoram T 7,742 8,727 9,810 S 6,383 6,929 7,001 5

24 TABLE NO. 1.5 (Contd ) TOTAL AND SURFACED LENGTH OF ROADS IN INDIA AS ON 31ST MARCH (STATE/UT-WISE) States/UTs Total/ Nagaland T 32,597 33,423 34,146 S 14,518 15,076 15,470 Odisha T 229, , ,836 S 42,659 46,767 58,719 Punjab T 77,912 81,899 84,193 S 70,330 74,319 76,612 Rajasthan T 217, , ,318 S 170, , ,979 Sikkim T 4,199 4,420 4,630 S 3,719 3,940 4,119 Tamil Nadu T 188, , ,339 S 154, , ,473 Tripura T 32,767 33,338 33,772 S 13,217 13,760 14,203 Uttarakhand T 44,332 46,836 49,277 S 23,516 25,193 26,664 Uttar Pradesh T 329, , ,256 S 244, , ,674 West Bengal T 290, , ,209 S 104, , ,534 UNION TERRITORIES Andaman & Nicobar Islands T 1,297 1,302 1,386 S 1,073 1,073 1,156 Chandigarh T 2,246 2,264 2,284 S 2,246 2,264 2,284 Dadra & Nagar Haveli T S Daman & Diu T S Delhi T 29,589 29,627 29,648 S 20,903 20,942 20,962 Lakshadweep T S Puducherry T 2,712 2,727 2,740 S 2,377 2,394 2,404 ALL INDIA* T 3,571,510 3,682,439 3,790,342 S 2,141,302 2,249,611 2,341,480 * Excluding JRY Roads Totals may not add up because of rounding off of decimals. 6

25 TABLE NO. 1.6 TOTAL ROAD LENGTH AND PERCENTAGE SHARE OF EACH CATEGORY OF ROAD TO TOTAL ROAD LENGTH ( ) Year (as on 31st March) Maintained By PWD NH SH Other PWD Total (2+3+4) Panchayat Raj Roads JRY & PMGSY Roads* Urban Roads Project Roads (In Kms) Total (Col ) Roads ,811 # 173, , , , ,798 # 257, , , , , ,838 56, , , , , , , ,671 94, , , , , ,511 1,485, , , , , , , ,276 1,726, , , , , , , , ,737 2,327, , , , , , , , ,485 2,462, , , , ,628 1,037, , , ,057 2,678, , , , ,265 1,048, , , ,608 2,955, , , , ,393 1,063, , , ,481 3,059, , , , ,396 1,021, , , ,673 3,266, , , , , , , , ,880 3,298, , , , , , , , ,427 3,228, , , , ,851 1,028, , , ,523 3,296, , , , ,487 1,048, , , ,827 3,325, , , , ,838 1,068, , , ,665 3,373, , , , ,158 1,134, , , ,124 3,426, , , , ,879 1,155, , , ,328 3,528, , , , ,003 1,189, , , ,625 3,621, , , , ,195 1,299, , , ,815 3,809, , , ,669 1,018,349 1,318, , , ,186 3,880, , , ,003 1,053,828 1,372,867 1,020, , ,505 4,016, , , ,241 1,084,517 1,388,750 1,061, , ,189 4,109, , , ,880 1,191,926 1,514,952 1,114, , ,617 4,471, , , ,414 1,208,526 1,518,205 1,174, , ,931 4,582, , ,898 1,005,327 1,240,158 1,530,366 1,219, , ,539 4,690, # Included in other PWD Roads. Note: The second row of each year indicates the percentage share of each category of roads to the total road length. * Includes roads constructed under PMGSY launched in December 2000 and JRY launched in JRY road lengths for years after are the same as on Totals may not add up because of rounding off of decimals. 7

26 SECTION 2 NATIONAL HIGHWAYS

27 TABLE NO. 2.1 LENGTH OF NATIONAL HIGHWAYS* IN INDIA AS ON 31ST MARCH (STATE/UT-WISE) States/UTs Andhra Pradesh 4,537 4,537 4,537 Arunachal Pradesh 1,992 1,992 1,992 Assam 2,836 2,836 2,836 Bihar 3,642 3,642 3,642 Chhattisgarh 2,184 2,184 2,184 Goa Gujarat 3,245 3,245 3,245 Haryana 1,512 1,518 1,518 Himachal Pradesh 1,409 1,409 1,409 Jammu & Kashmir 1,245 1,245 1,245 Jharkhand 1,805 1,805 1,805 Karnataka 4,396 4,396 4,396 Kerala 1,457 1,457 1,457 Madhya Pradesh 4,670 5,027 5,027 Maharashtra 4,176 4,191 4,191 Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha 3,704 3,704 3,704 Punjab 1,557 1,557 1,557 Rajasthan 5,585 5,585 5,585 Sikkim Tamil Nadu 4,832 4,832 4,832 Tripura Uttarakhand 2, Uttar Pradesh 6, West Bengal 2,578 2,578 2,578 UNION TERRITORIES Andaman & Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Delhi Puducherry All INDIA 70,548 70,934 70,934 *: All National Highways are surfaced. Source : Roads Wing, Ministry of Road Transport & Highways 8

28 TABLE NO. 2.2 LENGTH OF NATIONAL HIGHWAYS BY TYPE OF SURFACE IN INDIA AS ON 31ST MARCH, 2009 (STATE/UT-WISE) States/UTs Total Length Single/ Intermediate Lane Length Two-Lane Four-Lane & above Andhra Pradesh 4, ,566 1,706 Arunachal Pradesh 1,992 1, Assam 2, , Bihar 3,642 1,845 1, Chhattisgarh 2, , Goa Gujarat 3, ,517 1,557 Haryana 1, Himachal Pradesh 1,409 1, Jammu & Kashmir 1, Jharkhand 1, Karnataka 4, , Kerala 1, , Madhya Pradesh 4,670 1,316 2, Maharashtra 4, ,016 1,124 Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha 3,704 1,531 1, Punjab 1, , Rajasthan 5,585 1,377 2,458 1,750 Sikkim Tamil Nadu 4, ,008 1,568 Tripura Uttarakhand 2,042 1, Uttar Pradesh 6, ,403 1,448 West Bengal 2, , UNION TERRITORIES Andaman & Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Delhi Puducherry All INDIA 70,548 20,116 37,346 13,086 Source : Roads Wing, Ministry of Road Transport & Highways 9

29 TABLE NO. 2.3 LENGTH OF NATIONAL HIGHWAYS BY TYPE OF SURFACE IN INDIA AS ON 31ST MARCH, 2010 (STATE/UT-WISE) States/UTs Total Length Single/ Intermediate Lane Length Two-Lane Four-Lane & above Andhra Pradesh 4, ,289 1,999 Arunachal Pradesh 1, Assam 2, , Bihar 3, , Chhattisgarh 2, , Goa Gujarat 3, ,464 1,618 Haryana 1, Himachal Pradesh 1, Jammu & Kashmir 1, Jharkhand 1, , Karnataka 4, , Kerala 1, , Madhya Pradesh 5,027 1,629 2, Maharashtra 4, ,850 1,297 Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha 3,704 1,260 1, Punjab 1, , Rajasthan 5,585 1,237 2,582 1,766 Sikkim Tamil Nadu 4, ,862 1,890 Tripura Uttarakhand 2,042 1, Uttar Pradesh 6, ,260 1,795 West Bengal 2, , UNION TERRITORIES Andaman & Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Delhi Puducherry All INDIA 70,934 18,131 37,488 15,315 Source : Roads Wing, Ministry of Road Transport & Highways 10

30 TABLE NO. 2.4 LENGTH OF NATIONAL HIGHWAYS BY TYPE OF SURFACE IN INDIA AS ON 31ST MARCH, 2011 (STATE/UT-WISE) States/UTs Total Length Single/ Intermediate Lane Length Two-Lane Four-Lane & above Andhra Pradesh 4, ,184 2,104 Arunachal Pradesh 1, Assam 2, , Bihar 3, , Chhattisgarh 2, , Goa Gujarat 3, ,371 1,711 Haryana 1, Himachal Pradesh 1, Jammu & Kashmir 1, Jharkhand 1, , Karnataka 4, ,508 1,079 Kerala 1, , Madhya Pradesh 5,027 1,552 2, Maharashtra 4, ,649 1,542 Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha 3,704 1,154 2, Punjab 1, Rajasthan 5,585 1,186 2,536 1,863 Sikkim Tamil Nadu 4, ,651 2,106 Tripura Uttarakhand 2,042 1, Uttar Pradesh 6, ,262 1,985 West Bengal 2, , UNION TERRITORIES Andaman & Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Delhi Puducherry All INDIA 70,934 17,102 36,650 17,182 Source : Roads Wing, Ministry of Road Transport & Highways 11

31 SECTION 3 STATE HIGHWAYS

32 TABLE NO. 3.1 TOTAL AND SURFACED LENGTH OF STATE HIGHWAYS IN INDIA AS ON 31ST MARCH (STATE/UT-WISE) States/UTs Total/ Andhra Pradesh T 10,470 10,481 10,491 S 10,321 10,333 10,343 Assam T 3,134 3,134 3,134 S 2,390 2,390 2,390 Bihar T 3,989 3,989 3,989 S 3,989 3,989 3,989 Chhattisgarh T 3,213 5,240 5,240 S 3,174 4,974 4,974 Goa T S Gujarat T 18,460 18,421 18,421 S 18,211 18,200 18,200 Haryana T 2,523 2,521 2,521 S 2,523 2,521 2,521 Himachal Pradesh T 1,626 1,626 1,626 S 1,626 1,626 1,626 Jammu & Kashmir T S Jharkhand T 1,886 1,886 1,886 S 1,886 1,886 1,886 Karnataka T 20,905 20,528 20,770 S 20,842 20,465 20,718 Kerala T 4,341 4,341 4,341 S 4,341 4,341 4,341 Madhya Pradesh T 10,115 10,249 10,249 S 10,115 10,229 10,229 Maharashtra T 32,629 32,823 32,823 S 32,374 32,600 32,600 Manipur T 1,137 1,137 1,137 S Meghalaya T 1,134 1,134 1,134 S 1,110 1,110 1,110 Mizoram T S

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